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Crichton R.,McGill University | Shrivastava P.,Concordia University at Montréal | Shrivastava P.,ICN Business School
Journal of Cleaner Production | Year: 2017

Organizational stress is crippling employees and majorly impacting organizations. Human resource sustainability, that is the health and wellbeing of the workers, is now more than ever in critical focus. Through connecting the human resource management, organizational sustainability, aesthetics, and psychology literature as well as through several case studies of organizational aesthetic best practices our paper proposes a solution to mitigate organizational stress. Our findings suggest that organizational aesthetic practices integrated with sensory and emotional knowledge can mitigate work stress. The value add of this study reaches beyond the confines of traditional worker health and wellness studies, where employee health and wellness are normally sought after for the purpose of benefiting the organization. Instead, our approach is focussed on human sustainability for the purpose of generating more life and discovering one's potential within the scope of multiple dimensions of life. © 2017 Elsevier Ltd.

Gendron C.,ICN Business School | Ivanaj S.,ICN Business School | Girard B.,University of Quebec at Montréal | Arpin M.-L.,University of Quebec at Montréal
Journal of Cleaner Production | Year: 2017

As commonly accepted, the stakes of sustainable development (SD) are altogether highly serious, complex, and diverse, spanning from changing living standards to the very future of mankind. Although it has long been argued that such complexity warrants radical change in the way “good” knowledge is conceived of and produced, it appears that much of sustainability research – including its grounding in social sciences – has yet to extend beyond the institutionalized precepts of natural science with regard to validity and credibility. In this context, this paper argues that crucial insights can be developed by opening social sciences’ theorizing process to undervalued forms of knowledge including art in general, and science-fiction literature in particular. To support this argument, current non-scientific productions of knowledge are reviewed in light of alternate conceptions of epistemological value. The potential of science fiction as thought experiments and inspiration for both problematizing and theory building in the social sciences is explored. In particular, certain science-fiction texts are thoroughly examined to illustrate how current problems pertaining to firm theories and management practice may be “discovered” (or made visible) only through science-fiction hindsight. Ultimately, the research shows how this hidden potential may be employed by social research to radically stimulate theoretical imagination and benefit sustainability research. © 2017 Elsevier Ltd

Ivanaj S.,ICN Business School | Ivanaj V.,University of Lorraine | McIntyre J.R.,Georgia Institute of Technology | Guimaraes da Costa N.,ICN Business School
Journal of Cleaner Production | Year: 2017

The goals of this opening paper of the Special Issue are threefold: First, it offers a brief review of the relevant extant literature on the drivers and barriers affecting climate change and the impacts of the organizational changes of MNEs required to face challenges posed by climate change. Then, it provides a comprehensive outline of the papers included in this Special Issue. The papers included in this Special Issue develop a range of topics, such as the contextual factors that influence the design of MNEs' strategies and practices related to climate change, interconnected and critical barriers to MNEs' green business models, the indirect effects of climate change impacts on MNEs, a multilevel framework for assessing strategic organizational responses to climate change, sustainable innovation practices developed by MNEs, and determinants and long-term performance outcomes of corporate carbon strategies, to mention a few. Finally, it proposes some potential avenues for future research. © 2017.

Menezes M.B.C.,University of Calgary | Menezes M.B.C.,ICN Business School | Huang R.,York University
Computers and Operations Research | Year: 2015

This paper compares the quality of facility location resulting from voting and that of a centralized decision. The focus is on the quality of the Condorcet solution, which is measured by the ratio of the Condorcet solution value to the global Weber solution value. Prior work defined on networks showed that the ratio is bounded by 3. We attempt to reduce the impact of topology by investigating the problem on the plane. In this case, the ratio is smaller than 2. The result suggests that, when reducing the impact of topology, although a solution originated via voting can be somewhat distant from the optimal solution obtained via a centralized system, it is much closer to optimality than previously suggested. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Agostini B.,ICN Business School | Persson S.,ICN Business School | Shrivastava P.,Future Earth
Journal of Cleaner Production | Year: 2016

As the link between sustainable development and art begins to shed a new light on organizational conceptions, this article considers popular music, and especially blues music. The conceptual process of the paper is to highlight the philosophical roots of Western aesthetics in order to propose a counterpoint based on popular and ordinary living sustained by popular music. By analyzing blues music as both a durable support and a natural process of everyday experience, we open a door to Chinese philosophy and psychology for HR Management based on the body-mind-spirit alignment. This perspective generates new and creative avenues for research in HR management, organizational theory, and business education. The major issue is then how to sensitize the ears of HRM so that it offers 'vital nourishment' in the workplace at a time when the cost of the depressive state of many an employee has become a proven risk. © 2016 Elsevier Ltd.

Khatab A.,ICN Business School | Ait-Kadi D.,Laval University | Rezg N.,ICN Business School
International Journal of Production Research | Year: 2014

This paper deals with imperfect preventivemaintenance (PM) optimisation problem. The system to be maintained is typically a production system assumed to be continuously monitored and subject to stochastic degradation. To assess such degradation, the proposed maintenance model takes into account both corrective maintenance (CM) and PM. The system undergoes PM whenever its reliability reaches an appropriate value, while CM is performed at system failure. After a given number of maintenance actions, the system is preventively replaced by a new one. Both CMas well as PMare considered imperfect, i.e. they bring the system to an operating state which lies between two extreme states, namely the as bad as old state and as good as new state. The imperfect effect of CM and PM is modelled on the basis of the hybrid hazard rate model. The objective of the proposed PM optimisation model consists on finding the optimal reliability threshold together with the optimal number of PM actions to maximise the average availability of the system.Amathematical model is then proposed. To solve this problem an algorithm is provided. A numerical example is presented to illustrate the proposed maintenance optimisation model. © 2012 Taylor & Francis.

Fass D.,ICN Business School | Gechter F.,CNRS Research Institute on Transportation, Energy and Society
Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics) | Year: 2015

Currently, Cyber Physical Systems (CPS) represents a great challenge for automatic control and smart systems engineering on both theoretical and practical levels. Designing CPS requires approaches involving multi-disciplinary competences. However they are designed to be autonomous, the CPS present a part of uncertainty, which requires interaction with human for engineering, monitoring, controlling, performing operational maintenance, etc. This human-CPS interaction led naturally to the human in-the-loop (HITL) concept. Nevertheless, this HITL concept, which stems from a reductionist point of view, exhibits limitations due to the different natures of the systems involved. As opposed to this classical approach, we propose, in this paper, a model of Bio- CPS (i.e. systems based on an integration of computational elements within biological systems) grounded on theoretical biology, physics and computer sciences and based on the key concept of human systems integration. © Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015.

Shrivastava P.,Concordia University at Montréal | Shrivastava P.,ICN Business School | Kennelly J.J.,Skidmore College
Organization and Environment | Year: 2013

In this article, we critique the "placeless" character of enterprise sustainability research and introduce the concept of the place-based enterprise (PBE), arguing that such enterprises offer a potentially important means of fostering ecological and social sustainability in local communities. Drawing on a variety of disciplinary perspectives, we offer a specification of the concept of place and explore the relationships between places and enterprises. We maintain that PBEs, whose resources, productive activities, and ownership are anchored in specific local places, and who themselves possess a sense of place, may be more likely than conventional enterprises to pursue locally beneficial economic, social, and environmental outcomes. A typology of PBEs and suggestions for future research are proposed. © 2013 SAGE Publications.

Fass D.,ICN Business School
Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics) | Year: 2013

Thinking about human systems integration is thinking human, system and human-system for designing and organizing system of systems from human-machine level to socio-technological level. For critical human in-the-loop systems there is a strong need of reliability and consistency from modeling, development and life cycle systems. A main epistemic issue rises: does it exist a conceptual framework, both theoretical and experimental, that ensures reliability and consistency of human system integration design and organization? According to the Italian Renaissance painting perspective principles invention, our paper puts in perspective human systems integrations from theoretical biology to systems sciences, and it presents an isomorphic framework for modeling human systems integration especially adapted at the human machine level, for medicine, defense and aerospace. © 2013 Springer-Verlag.

Fass D.,ICN Business School
Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics) | Year: 2014

Extending and modifying his domain of life by artifact production is one of the main characteristics of humankind. From the first hominid, who used a wood stick or a stone for extending his upper limbs and augmenting his gesture strength, to current systems engineers who used technologies for augmenting human cognition, perception and action, extending human body capabilities remains a big issue. From more than fifty years cybernetics, computer and cognitive sciences have imposed only one reductionist model of human machine systems: cognitive systems. Inspired by philosophy, behaviorist psychology and the information treatment metaphor, the cognitive system paradigm requires a function view and a functional analysis in human systems design process. According that design approach, human have been reduced to his metaphysical and functional properties in a new dualism. Human body requirements have been left to physical ergonomics or "physiology". With multidisciplinary convergence, the issues of «human-machine» systems and «human artifacts» evolve. The loss of biological and social boundaries between human organisms and interactive and informational physical artifact questions the current engineering methods and ergonomic design of cognitive systems. New developpment of human machine systems for intensive care, human space activities or bio-engineering sytems requires grounding human systems design on a renewed epistemological framework for future human systems model and evidence based "bio-engineering". In that context, reclaiming human factors, augmented human and human machine nature is a necessity. © 2014 Springer International Publishing Switzerland.

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