ICL Inc

ITRI, Taiwan
ITRI, Taiwan
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There is provided herein a method of making hydroxymethylphosphonate comprising reading paraformaldehyde, at least one dialkyl phosphite and at least one trialkyl phosphite, in the presence of at least one amine catalyst


There is provided herein a process for preparing cyclic phosphonate ester comprising reacting a glycol with at least one of phosphonic acid and phosphinic acid in the presence of a solvent. There is also provided a flame retardant comprising the cyclic phosphonate ester and industrial applications containing a flame retardant effective amount of the cyclic phosphonate ester.


There is provided herein a flame retardant additive composition comprising (a) a cyclic phosphonate mixture of (i) (5-ethyl-2-methyl-2-oxido-l,3,2-dioxaphosphorinan-5-yl)methyl methyl ester of P-alkylphosphonic acid and (ii) bis[(5-ethyl-2-2-methyl-2- oxido-l,3,2-dioxaphosphorinan-5-yl)methyl]ester of P-alkyl phosphonic acid; and, (b) an aryl bisphosphate ester of the general formula (I) herein. There is also provided herein a polyurethane foam containing the flame retardant additive composition as well as articles made comprising said polyurethane foam.


Halogen-free flame retarded unsaturated polyester (UPE) composites are described, where aluminum methyl methylphosphonate (AMMP) was added to a UPE matrix in order to obtain a UL94-V0 formulation. The combustion properties of AMMP are improved to that of aluminum trihydrates (ATH) in cone calorimetry. The use of AMMP prepared with phosphonium catalyst was also shown to be advantageous for retaining the gelation time of the UPE resins in a mold.


There is provided herein a process for preparing cyclic phosphonate ester comprising reacting a glycol with at least one of phosphonic acid and phosphinic acid in the presence of a solvent. There is also provided a flame retardant comprising the cyclic phosphonate ester and industrial applications containing a flame retardant effective amount of the cyclic phosphonate ester.


There is provided herein a flame retardant additive composition comprising (a) a cyclic phosphonate mixture of (i) (5-ethyl-2-methyl-2-oxido-1,3,2-dioxaphosphorinan-5-yl)methyl methyl ester of P-alkylphosphonic acid and (ii) bis[(5-ethyl-2-2-methyl-2-oxido-1,3,2-dioxaphosphorinan-5-yl)methyl]ester of P-alkyl phosphonic acid; and, (b) an aryl bisphosphate ester of the general formula (I) herein. There is also provided herein a polyurethane foam containing the flame retardant additive composition as well as articles made comprising said polyurethane foam.


There is provided herein a method of making hydroxymethylphosphonate comprising reacting paraformaldehyde, at least one dialkyl phosphite and at least one trialkyl phosphite, in the presence of at least one amine catalyst


A method of making hydroxymethylphosphonate comprising heating paraformaldehyde in a solvent to a desired reaction temperature, wherein the solvent is present in at least an amount necessary to solvate or suspend the paraformaldehyde; adding at least one alkyl phosphite to the heated paraformaldehyde, to provide hydroxymethylphosphonate, the alkyl phosphite being added to the heated paraformaldehyde at a rate which will avoid or inhibit the production of a significant exotherm and resulting high/significant level of acid by-product(s), there being present in the reaction medium at least one hindered amine catalyst in which the nitrogen in the amine is directly bound to a secondary and/or tertiary carbon of an organic group; and, optionally, following the completion of the addition, heating the reaction mixture to an elevated temperature.


There is provided herein a flame-retarded polyolefin polymer composition with reduced antimony trioxide content comprising: There is also provided a method of making said flame retarded polyolefin polymer composition and article thereof.


There is provided herein a curing agent compound for curing thermosetting resins, e.g., epoxy resins, a composition comprising a thermoplastic and/or thermosetting resin, e.g., an epoxy resin and the curing agent, an article comprising the curing agent, and a method of making the curing agent.

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