La Laguna, Spain
La Laguna, Spain
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Dubeuf J.-P.,French National Institute for Agricultural Research | Bendapudi R.,ILRI | Bhandari D.,Heifer Project International | Capote J.,ICIA | And 8 more authors.
Small Ruminant Research | Year: 2014

Goat livestock is generally considered as an efficient activity for smallholders to eradicate poverty in many situations. More and more projects are submitted for donors who have still few references and data to evaluate if these proposals could be successful or not. A study has been initiated to scale up successful practices. It has been based on Knowledge Harvesting and comparative analysis of several projects around the world. Discussions and focus groups were organized as parts of a seminar during the 11th International Conference on Goats. The general characteristics of goat activities and for each commodity and key success factors have been identified and described. Proposals were elaborated and debated to go forward and propose operational tools to support project donors and designers. A project and investment typology will be built and a goat value chain tool kit will be developed during a write shop. The discussions have enhanced the importance of a cost-benefits analysis and planning return on investments within the project. © 2014 Elsevier B.V.

Camacho A.,University of La Laguna | Capote J.,ICIA | Mata J.,University of La Laguna | Arguello A.,University of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Applied Animal Research | Year: 2015

Eighty carcasses of Canaria Hair breed (CHB) and Canaria breed (CB) were evaluated; 10 carcasses by sex, breed and slaughter weight (15.8 ± 0.66 kg and 24.9 ± 0.76 kg live weight, respectively). Breed effect was observed in measurements, fatness, commercial category and tissue composition of the carcass. CHB presented carcasses with more leg length and rump perimeter (but only in 25 kg lambs), heaviest shoulder and more muscle percentage. CB showed carcasses more fatness (8.18 ± 1.66 vs. 6.63 ± 1.46) and with more fat depth (3.90 ± 1.35 vs. 2.86 ± 1.15). CB increases its fatness faster because 16 kg lambs of CB showed similar values that 25 kg lambs of CHB (7.45 vs. 7.26, respectively). All carcass measurements, conformation, compactness indices and carcass fatness were affected by weight; 25 kg lambs showed higher values. Weight effect was also found in the tissue composition; 25 kg lambs showed more intermuscular fat (IF) percentage and less bone percentage. Sex effect was observed in first category joints, in total fat and IF; females showed higher percentages than males. In relation to carcass quality, we conclude that CB could be more commercially attractive in light carcasses because this breed increases its fatness faster and CHB more commercially attractive in heavy lambs. © 2015 Taylor & Francis.

Camacho A.,University of La Laguna | Torres A.,ICIA | Capote J.,ICIA | Mata J.,University of La Laguna | And 3 more authors.
Journal of Applied Animal Research | Year: 2016

In this research the meat quality of the two canary sheep local breeds, Canaria breed (CB) and Canaria Hair breed (CHB), was evaluated, making groups of 10 males and females from each, slaughtered at live weights of 9.78 ± 0.49 kg, 15.8 ± 0.66 kg and 24.9 ± 0.76 kg. The breed affected to meat and fat colour at 24 h after slaughter. Meat of CB showed more redness and more chroma values. Fat of CB showed greater lightness. Related to the physio-chemical analysis of the meat, CB showed higher water-holding capacity, shear force and intramuscular fat content that CHB; however, CHB showed higher protein and ash percentages that CB. In relation to fat quality, CB presented higher MUFA percentage and CHB had higher PUFA percentage. CHB showed the lower atherogenic and thrombogenic indexes. Slaughter weight affected the pH, meat and fat colour and also all physio-chemical parameters, except shear force and collagen content and the fatty acid profile. Males had higher moisture content, soluble collagen and PUFA, while females had higher MUFA. The breed effect on meat quality was shown mainly in lambs slaughtered at 10 kg. Owing to their fatty acid profile, the healthiest meat was from lambs slaughtered at 25 kg. © 2016 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group

Anton A.,IRTA Ctra Cabrils | Torrellas M.,IRTA Ctra Cabrils | Raya V.,ICIA | Montero J.I.,IRTA Ctra Cabrils
International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment | Year: 2014

Purpose: Previous studies have shown the importance of including agricultural capital goods in environmental assessments. In particular for protected crops, greenhouse structural components may account for nearly 30 % of the total in environmental impact categories such as resource depletion and global warming. The lack of appropriate datasets can make it difficult to include these structural components. The present paper provides a modelling approach for the greenhouse inventory stage to provide better assessments of greenhouse production systems. Methods: In this study, four main greenhouse structures were assessed: a glass greenhouse, a multi-tunnel greenhouse, a local Mediterranean type known as the parral greenhouse and a low-tunnel greenhouse. After selecting the main materials of the structure, we generated equations to calculate the amount of the main structural materials as a function of the main greenhouse dimensions. We performed a quality assessment of the data used for different greenhouse structures. We also calculated a simplified environmental assessment made by the different structures to the climate change category in order to test the effects of the different amounts of material in the four greenhouse types. Results and discussion: Equations to calculate the amount of the main greenhouse materials as a function of greenhouse size are provided. For the four greenhouse types under consideration, statistical correlations showed a good fit between the amounts of greenhouse materials and the parameters related to the main greenhouse dimensions, such as greenhouse perimeter, surface and volume. The results from the complementary impact assessment study show that glass greenhouses contributed the most in the climate change category, with an average value of 2.9 kg CO2 eq m-2. After variability was taken into account, multi-tunnel and parral greenhouses showed similar values of between 0.5 and 1.3 kg CO2 eq m-2, while low-tunnel greenhouses had the lowest ranges, between 0.4 and 0.6 kg CO 2 eq m-2. The environmental assessment was done using the square metre as a reference flow, so the actual impact depends on the functional unit selected, which is usually the yield. Conclusions: Application of the equations developed in this study provides an easy way to calculate the quantity of materials used to make greenhouses of different dimensions, thus resulting in more accurate calculation of greenhouse production system impacts. This analysis also highlights the importance of the different amounts of materials used to build these structures and, therefore, the need to include ranges of uncertainty in environmental analyses. © 2013 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.

Franti E.,IMT Bucharest | Milea L.,UPB | Dascalu M.,UPB | Moga M.,Spitalul Universitar Of Urgenta Militar Central | And 6 more authors.
Romanian Journal of Information Science and Technology | Year: 2012

This paper presents a system for assisting patients with amputated hands. Using this system, they can define and implement custom motion algorithms of mobile elements of the artificial hand they use. The system includes a virtual environment simulation, configuration and personalized assistance, a virtual reality glove and hardware components for signal processing. The patient who has one amputated hand, can load in the virtual environment, using a special glove (virtual reality glove) positioned on the healthy hand, simple or even complex sets of movements which are realized by the natural movements of the healthy hand. These sets of movements are loaded in the virtual environment of personalized assistance which then generates, through transformations and extrapolations, motion algorithms "in the mirror" for the virtual prosthesis (from the virtual environment) and then, they are loaded into.

Hernandez-Hernandez J.,ICIA | Espino A.,Laboratorio Of Sanidad Vegetal | Rodriguez-Rodriguez J.M.,Laboratorio Of Fitopatologia | Perez-Sierra A.,Polytechnic University of Valencia | And 3 more authors.
Phytopathologia Mediterranea | Year: 2010

Between 2006 and 2007, palm trees growing in both gardens and public parks and natural palm groves in the Canary Islands (Spain), and showing symptoms of wilt and dieback, were surveyed. Isolates were recovered from affected tissues of the crowns, leaves and vascular fragments on potato dextrose agar (PDA). After incubation, the Fusarium spp. colonies recovered were single-spored. They were transferred to PDA and Spezieller Nährstoffarmer Agar (SNA) for morphological identification. Identification of Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. canar- iensis was confirmed by PCR with the specific primers HK66 and HK67, which amplified a fragment of 567 bp. Fusarium wilt caused by F. oxysporum f. sp. canariensis was found on 54 Phoenix canariensis trees growing on four islands: Gran Canaria, Fuerteventura, La Palma and Tenerife. F. proliferatum occurred on fifteen palms (10 P. canariensis, 1 P. dactylifera, 3 Roystonea regia and 1 Veitchia joannis) located in Gran Canaria, Fuerteventura and Tenerife. Both these Fusarium species were found only in diseased palms from gardens and public parks, but not in natural palm groves. The results show that Fusarium wilt of P. canariensis is common in the Canary Islands and for the first time report F. proliferatum affecting different palm species in those islands.

Petru C.,INMA | Nicolae C.,INMA | Mihaela N.E.,INMA | Maria P.,ICIA
Recent Researches in Energy, Environment, Entrepreneurship, Innovation - International Conference on Energy, Environment, Entrepreneurship, Innovation, ICEEEI'11 | Year: 2011

The paper presents a mathematical model of the biodegradation process of plastics. The main results of the mathematical model are three parameters which are measures of the biodegradation process. Biodegradation parameters are used to compare the biodegradation performance of materials, the prediction in time of the biodegradation process and, in future, to optimize the location of biodegradation.

MIAMI, Nov. 8, 2016 /PRNewswire/ -- As Florida's legalization of medical marijuana becomes a forthcoming reality, the not-for-profit International Cannabis Industry Association (ICIA) will culminate its outreach to encourage Floridians to cast their vote on November 8th as to whether...

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