Runcorn, United Kingdom
Runcorn, United Kingdom

Time filter

Source Type

Smith C.Z.,Queen Mary, University of London | Utley J.H.P.,Queen Mary, University of London | Hammond J.K.,ICI Chemicals and Polymers
Journal of Applied Electrochemistry | Year: 2011

The electrochemical conversion of a spruce lignosulfonate into vanillin, at nickel anodes, was explored in previously unobtainable detail. A flow reactor (FM01), in a rig that permitted considerable variation of electrolysis conditions, allowed up to 150 g to be electrolysed at up to12 A at a variety of electrode configurations. Samples taken during electrolysis gave detailed reaction profiles. The electrolyser operated at 145 °C/500 kPa/3 M NaOH and yields of vanillin were similar to those obtained industrially using chemical oxidants (about 5-7% w/w). Vanillin production was favoured by low current density and low initial concentration of lignosulfonate. Vanillin, alone, was consumed in a 2.7 F process under the above conditions. Historically, yields in chemical and electrochemical conversions of lignins into vanillin do not exceed 10%; the results herein explain this apparent limit as equilibrium between formation of vanillin, its concomitant oxidative destruction and further condensation of lignins. © 2010 Springer Science+Business Media B.V.


Ici

Trademark
ICI Chemicals and Polymers | Date: 2016-03-09

Infrared cameras.


News Article | March 27, 2012
Site: www.wired.com

1933: Two British research chemists miss an important detail … and make polyethylene. Reginald Gibson and Eric Fawcett worked at Imperial Chemical Industries’ research laboratory at Winnington, Chesire. Their equipment was faulty when they attempted to react ethylene and benzaldehyde under high pressure. They produced a waxy lump of what the British call polythene. Unbeknownst to the researchers, oxygen had leaked into their apparatus and catalyzed the reaction. Using better equipment two years later, ICI scientists M.W. Perrin and J.C. Swallow detected a leak. It took several months before they figured out that it was trace oxygen in their ethylene that played the key role. American chemist Carl Marvel actually made polyethylene by a different method before the ICI team, in the early 1930s. He just ignored it, because “nobody thought polyethylene was good for anything.” ICI, however, had plenty of ideas. The chemical conglomerate obtained its first patents in 1936 and quietly put the new plastic into production in 1938. During World War II, polyethylene was a military secret. It was used to insulate cables on newly developed radar devices. Large-scale, commercial polyethylene production began after the war to create a plethora of plastic kitchenware, toys, containers and packaging. Polyethylene achieved wide use because of its versatility and low cost. It now competes with other plastics like polyfluoroethylene and polypropylene. Low-density polyethylene (LDPE) has lots of branched polymer chains, which make it more flexible for use in plastic bags, films and packaging materials. High-density polyethylene (HDPE) has long, straight polymer chains, which make it more durable for use in containers, plumbing, and other parts and fittings. This article first appeared on Wired.com March 27, 2008.


News Article | March 12, 2008
Site: www.zdnet.com

e-Crime Crackdown: Groundswell of support for silicon.com campaign Leading police officers, global cyber security chiefs and FTSE 100 companies are backing a new campaign by silicon.com for the creation of a dedicated UK national cyber crime police unit. Some of the biggest names in law enforcement, business and the IT industry have thrown their weight behind our e-Crime Crackdown campaign. silicon.com's e-Crime Crackdown campaign is calling for a national UK cyber crime police unit. The unit would provide leadership and expertise to co-ordinate investigations nationwide and collate reports from police forces across the country, as well as offering a central point of contact for reporting e-crime. We want to hear your views about this campaign and your experiences of being a victim of cyber crime. Were you happy with the way your case was handled? Make your voice heard by leaving a Reader Comment below or emailing us in confidence at editorial@silicon.com. The campaign has received backing from the Metropolitan Police, the Association of Chief Police Officers (Acpo), politicians, businesses, UK payment industry body Apacs and other corporate IT security heads. Detective Superintendent Charlie McMurdie, who has just stepped aside as head of the Metropolitan Police's e-crime unit, has already put proposals for a Policing Central E-Crime Unit (PCEU) to the Home Office. McMurdie told silicon.com in an exclusive interview that a centralised policing unit would address weaknesses in the current national policing approach to cyber crime. She said: "Until we have a hub in place to work with industry or academics we cannot move forward. For example in the case of a phishing attack it may be there are a couple of hundred victims across the UK but at the moment it is recorded as a number of single incidents at local stations. "There is also the chance that each attack would be recorded differently and that each station will only have a handful of officers able to deal with these reports. There has been a substantial rise in the amount of online crime being reported and these are more sophisticated attacks carried out by more organised criminal networks." Detective Chief Inspector Simon Taylor, Acpo officer for business crime, said the UK's police forces are agreed on the need for a central unit to co-ordinate cyber crime investigations and reporting. He said: "There is a question mark over where people and businesses are best to go if they have been the victim of e-crime. We know there is a problem because people are telling us but where UK policing could tell you how many armed robberies of rapes there have been we cannot tell you as accurately how many e-crimes there have been." Gareth Griffiths, head of UK risk management for online payment service PayPal said a dedicated unit would help his company tackle the increasingly sophisticated phishing attacks that cost it millions every year. He said: "The way enforcement is handled is absolutely ridiculous. The resources and the priority given to e-crime are just totally wrong. There is no one place where you can go where you know these crimes will be aggregated to a larger organisation. We need a national online fraud reporting centre and we need it now." Shadow Home Secretary David Davis launched a stinging attack on the government's track record for tackling e-crime, saying it had exposed every person and business in the UK to online criminals. He said: "The national approach to the growing threat lacks co-ordination, focus or urgency. It reinforces in the mind of the criminal that this country is a soft touch and makes us a more acceptable target. It is absurd that the government removed the NHTCU [National High Tech Crime Unit] without putting anything in place to fill the gap." Paul Simmonds, global head of security for ICI and founding member of blue chip IT user group the Corporate IT Forum (Tif), which counts many FTSE 100 companies among its members, said UK law enforcement is falling further and further behind the cyber criminals. He said: "We desperately need 'son of NHTCU'. The demise of the NHTCU means that UK Plcs today have nowhere to go to report everyday e-crime. So the reality is that we keep it to ourselves, it does not get reported in the statistics and nobody does anything about it. "E-crime has now surpassed the global drugs trade in terms of damage and cost but where is our priority? UK police spending on drugs versus e-crime is about 100-1. It means we need to spend 10 to 20 times what we are spending today in countering the e-crime menace." Geoff Donson served as a Detective Sergeant for six years in the NHTCU and now is group security manager for European data centre company TelecityGroup. He said: "The NHTCU had a national remit to deal with IT related crimes, it was a hub that could take cyber crime reports from the 43 forces and ensure that somebody with the requisite skills was able to deal with it." UK payment industry body Apacs also says there is a need for a dedicated cyber crime unit in the UK. An Apacs spokesman said: "It boils down to the need for a dedicated unit. The NHTCU was a focused unit while in Soca (Serious and Organised Crime Agency) it has become part of a wider remit. It is also a resource issue and police across the country do not have the resources to deal with this."


News Article | April 28, 2008
Site: www.zdnet.com

The UK's proposed central e-crime police unit is close to securing the necessary government funding to make it a reality, according to one of the architects of the project. Speaking at the Infosecurity Europe show in London, the Metropolitan Police Service's detective superintendent Charlie McMurdie said: "I'm fairly convinced we'll get the required sum of £5.3m some way or the other. We're looking at days rather than months." She explained why cybercrime needs to be better addressed on a national level. "Traditional crime has moved online and law enforcement needs to get there quick," she said. McMurdie also made it clear the organisation will face a big task if it gets the green light. "If only the policing of the internet was as easy as policing robberies," she said. Currently, the 43 UK police forces deal with e-crime separately but McMurdie said half of e-crime goes unreported while half of incidents reported often aren't taken seriously. McMurdie also said that even when cybercriminals are caught they rarely receive substantial sentences. "We need some kind of prosecution as a deterrent. We need to get our act together." Paul Simmonds, former chief information security officer for ICI, added: "The response we're getting [from law enforcement] is not proportionate." He said there needs to be deeper co-ordination within industry to deal with e-crime, while the judiciary system needs to become better informed about the issues. He said: "It seems like a no brainer to me. I hope the government sees sense."


News Article | July 21, 2015
Site: news.siliconindia.com

BANGALORE: ICI, India Compute Interchange (ICI), a new financial marketplace for Indian cloud service providers and enterprise organizations to trade compute resources, announced its launch in India, with successful initial trades, in partnership with the Chicago-based Universal Compute Exchange (UCX). ICI is a joint venture between UCX, "where the universe trades the cloud", and SCAD Consultants, India. ICI will enable organizations to buy and sell compute processing power as a utility and help to fulfil Prime Minister Narendra Modi's Digital India initiative. ICI brings enterprises, government ministries and cloud service providers together to engage in price discovery, trade execution and the physical delivery of compute resources providing operational agility and capital and market efficiencies never seen before. ICI, as part of its partnership with UCX, will trade WAC Financial Products based upon the only patent metric for measuring IT Infrastructure usage, the Workload Allocation Cube (WAC) algorithm. Metering also provides a means to benchmark, compare, and optimize software costs and by extension, operating margins.  ICI has been instrumental in educating end users on the importance of the WAC standard and how it gives India, and Indian corporations, a technological edge over the rest of the competitive landscape. Adoption of the WAC concept has been strong, as most early participants understand the need for standardization in the space.  The ICI team, assembled by Dr. Bharat Swami, a practising surgeon and serial entrepreneur, and Ms. Chintan Mehta, President of SCAD Group with 20 years of strong legal and consultative experience, is considered to be one of the finest in the field. Swapon Adhikary, Chief Operating Officer and Director Hemal Mewada, both bring substantial resumes with considerable success in past accomplishments.  “Our goal, from day one, has been to help deliver on the Prime Minister's promise of a Digital India and make India the center for all of cloud processing in the Pan Asian hub," said Dr Swami. “India’s future has never looked brighter. ICI will not only create a central transparent marketplace for all ‘cloud’ users, but will maintain and trade only processing deemed green by governmental standards.  Between our partners in the US and the magnificent team of experts here in India, we could not be happier. It makes the probability of success much greater” Adam Zeck, founder of UCX said, “What Dr. Swami and his team are doing not only puts India on the forefront of the digital revolution but cements India's place as the central market for all compute resource power trading in the Pan Asian region.”  “India will show the rest of the world the importance of understanding cloud consumption and production. Digital, Green India is not a dream; it is today’s reality, and ICI is an important piece of the puzzle to achieve that goal," he added. Read Also: Microsoft's Mobile-First, Cloud-First Fit For India's Needs Facebook Reportedly Testing 'Watch Later' Video Button


News Article | July 21, 2015
Site: www.siliconindia.com

BANGALORE: ICI, India Compute Interchange (ICI), a new financial marketplace for Indian cloud service providers and enterprise organizations to trade compute resources, announced its launch in India, with successful initial trades, in partnership with the Chicago-based Universal Compute Exchange (UCX). ICI is a joint venture between UCX, "where the universe trades the cloud", and SCAD Consultants, India. ICI will enable organizations to buy and sell compute processing power as a utility and help to fulfil Prime Minister Narendra Modi's Digital India initiative. ICI brings enterprises, government ministries and cloud service providers together to engage in price discovery, trade execution and the physical delivery of compute resources providing operational agility and capital and market efficiencies never seen before. ICI, as part of its partnership with UCX, will trade WAC Financial Products based upon the only patent metric for measuring IT Infrastructure usage, the Workload Allocation Cube (WAC) algorithm. Metering also provides a means to benchmark, compare, and optimize software costs and by extension, operating margins.  ICI has been instrumental in educating end users on the importance of the WAC standard and how it gives India, and Indian corporations, a technological edge over the rest of the competitive landscape. Adoption of the WAC concept has been strong, as most early participants understand the need for standardization in the space.  The ICI team, assembled by Dr. Bharat Swami, a practising surgeon and serial entrepreneur, and Ms. Chintan Mehta, President of SCAD Group with 20 years of strong legal and consultative experience, is considered to be one of the finest in the field. Swapon Adhikary, Chief Operating Officer and Director Hemal Mewada, both bring substantial resumes with considerable success in past accomplishments.  “Our goal, from day one, has been to help deliver on the Prime Minister's promise of a Digital India and make India the center for all of cloud processing in the Pan Asian hub," said Dr Swami. “India’s future has never looked brighter. ICI will not only create a central transparent marketplace for all ‘cloud’ users, but will maintain and trade only processing deemed green by governmental standards.  Between our partners in the US and the magnificent team of experts here in India, we could not be happier. It makes the probability of success much greater” Adam Zeck, founder of UCX said, “What Dr. Swami and his team are doing not only puts India on the forefront of the digital revolution but cements India's place as the central market for all compute resource power trading in the Pan Asian region.”  “India will show the rest of the world the importance of understanding cloud consumption and production. Digital, Green India is not a dream; it is today’s reality, and ICI is an important piece of the puzzle to achieve that goal," he added. Read Also: Microsoft's Mobile-First, Cloud-First Fit For India's Needs Facebook Reportedly Testing 'Watch Later' Video Button


News Article | December 6, 2016
Site: www.prnewswire.co.uk

En amour, les petits gestes du fond du cœur valent mieux que les grands mots ! C'est ainsi que pour la Saint-Valentin, THOMAS SABO fête le symbole d'amour le plus beau du monde avec 15 % de remise sur tous les articles en cœur des collections actuelles. Illuminés d'un joli serti d'oxydes de zirconium ou d'une fine dorure or rose 18 carats, comme jolie paire de boucles d'oreilles ou comme adorable pendentif Charm : peu importe le modèle, les petits cœurs sont le cadeau privilégié à offrir le jour de l'amour. Emballés avec soin, ils évoquent un attachement profond et de grands sentiments… des bijoux qui vont droit au cœur et immortalisent les moments complices. L'offre spéciale Saint-Valentin est valable du 24 janvier au 14 février 2017 dans tous les points de vente et espaces « shop in shop » THOMAS SABO, dans la boutique en ligne ainsi que chez les partenaires sélectionnés, à l'exception des boutiques THOMAS SABO à Wertheim Village, Ingolstadt Village et Neumünster Designer Outlet ainsi que du magasin d'usine à Lauf. Retrouvez ici les photos et les prix mis à votre disposition en téléchargement. THOMAS SABO est à l'échelle internationale une entreprise leader dans le segment des bijoux, montres et accessoires, qui conçoit et commercialise des produits lifestyle pour femme et homme. Fondée en 1984 par Thomas Sabo à Lauf an der Pegnitz, en Allemagne du Sud, l'entreprise est présente sur les cinq continents avec son propre réseau de 300 boutiques et compte quelques 1 860 salariés. À son siège social, THOMAS SABO emploie près de 490 collaborateurs. De plus, THOMAS SABO coopère dans le monde entier avec environ 2 800 partenaires commerciaux ainsi qu'avec les plus grandes compagnies aériennes et les leaders sur le marché des croisières. Contact de presse Felizia  Kindermann | Head of International & Corporate PR Phone.: +49912397150-0 Mail: press@thomassabo.com


News Article | December 6, 2016
Site: www.prnewswire.com

LAUF AN DER PEGNITZ, Allemagne, December 6, 2016 /PRNewswire/ -- En amour, les petits gestes du fond du cœur valent mieux que les grands mots ! C'est ainsi que pour la Saint-Valentin, THOMAS SABO fête le symbole d'amour le plus beau du monde avec 15 % de remise sur tous les articles en...

Loading ICI Chemicals and Polymers collaborators
Loading ICI Chemicals and Polymers collaborators