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Babu S.,ICAR Research Complex for NEHR | Rana D.S.,Indian Agricultural Research Institute | Yadav G.S.,ICAR Research Complex for NEHR | Singh R.,ICAR Research Complex for NEHR | Yadav S.K.,Central Potato Research Station
International Journal of Agronomy | Year: 2014

Modern agriculture is now at the crossroads ecologically, economically, technologically, and socially due to soil degradation. Critical analysis of available information shows that problems of degradation of soil health are caused due to imbalanced, inadequate and promacronutrient fertilizer use, inadequate use or no use of organic manures and crop residues, and less use of good quality biofertilizers. Although sizeable amount of crop residues and manure is produced in farms, it is becoming increasingly complex to recycle nutrients, even within agricultural systems. Therefore, there is a need to use all available sources of nutrients to maintain the productivity and fertility at a required level. Among the available organic sources of plant nutrients, crop residue is one of the most important sources for supplying nutrients to the crop and for improving soil health. Sunflower is a nontraditional oil seed crop produced in huge amount of crop residue. This much amount of crop residues is neither used as feed for livestock nor suitable for fuel due to low energy value per unit mass. However, its residue contains major plant nutrients in the range from 0.45 to 0.60% N, 0.15 to 0.22% P, and 1.80 to 1.94% K along with secondary and micronutrients, so recycling of its residue in the soil may be one of the best alternative practices for replenishing the depleted soil fertility and improving the physical, chemical, and biological properties of the soil in the present era of production. However, some researchers have reported allelopathic effects of sunflower residue on different crops. So, selection of suitable crops and management practices may play an important role to manage the sunflower residue at field level. © 2014 Subhash Babu et al.

Gudade Subhash Babu B.A.,Indian Institute of Spices Research | Gudade Subhash Babu B.A.,ICAR Research Complex for NEHR | Deka T.N.,Indian Institute of Spices Research | Vijayan A.K.,Indian Institute of Spices Research | Chhetri P.,Indian Institute of Spices Research
Vegetos | Year: 2015

Spices used by tribe as herbal ethno medicine to treat several common diseases such as fever, indigestion, diarrhea, dysentery, vomiting, asthma, heart diseases, headache, boils, leucoderma, bold disorders, piles and insect bites etc. were documented. High level of commercial use as ethnomedicinal practices adversely affect the physical, social and economic welfare of the tribal community of Sikkim. A survey (December 2012 to December 2013) reported data on fourteen spices belonging to twelve families identified from this region. Brief information about the scientific names with family, common names (English), plant part used, way of application of plant parts and their uses against diseases have been presented. Present study reveals that some species are important in primary healthcare system of tribal communities. This paper deals with the biodiversity of spices and their ethnomedicinal uses by the tribal communality for conservation and utilisation in Sikkim. © 2015 Society for Plant Research. All rights reserved.

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