Das S.K.,ICAR Complex for North Eastern Hill Region |
Murmu K.,ICAR Complex for North Eastern Hill Region |
Das A.,ICAR Complex for North Eastern Hill Region |
Shakuntala I.,ICAR Complex for North Eastern Hill Region |
And 3 more authors.
Journal of Environmental Biology | Year: 2012
The Indian major carp cultured in ponds in the North Eastern hilly states of India frequently suffer from fungal disease during winter months resulting in mass mortality. This study examined the pathogenic fungi isolated from farmed raised Indian major carp fingerlings and identified as Saprolegnia. For treatment, the diseased fish were exposed to 4g salt per litre of water for 2 min followed by dip treatment with 5ppm KMnO4 for 10 min, thrice every week for a period of 6 weeks. The treatment resulted in recovery from the disease after 6 weeks from the beginning of treatment. Soon after recovery, the pond management practices such as removal of pond bottom soil, application of lime and replenishment with freshwater were followed in the infected ponds. Our study concluded that rapid decrease in pond water temperature from 22 to 8°C that remains low for months together coupled with increased water pH (9) and decreas dissolved oxygen (4ppm) causes saprolegniasis to the fingerlings of Indian major carps. © 2012 Triveni Enterprises.