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Krishna H.,ICAR Central Institute of Temperate Horticulture Regional Station | Krishna H.,ICAR Central Institute for Arid Horticulture | Attri B.L.,ICAR Central Institute of Temperate Horticulture Regional Station | Kumar A.,ICAR Central Institute of Temperate Horticulture Regional Station | Ahmed N.,ICAR Central Institute of Temperate Horticulture
Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge | Year: 2016

Sufficient evidences of the health benefits of wild edible fruits and their proven role in human nutrition are available. A number of wild but potentially commercialized fruits are existing in Himalayan regions of India such as red fruited ‘bayberry’ (Myrica esculenta Buch. Ham. ex D. Don) and ‘Yellow Himalayan Raspberry’ (Rubus ellipticus Smith), are amongst highly valued edible fruits. It would be advantageous to assess the antioxidant properties of these plants for possible use in the elaboration of functional foods or for consideration as potential sources of natural antioxidants. In this study, total carotenoids, flavanol, total flavonoids, O-dihydric phenol, total phenolics and total antioxidant capacity (measured by CUPRAC method) of underutilized fruit crops bayberry and yellow Himalayan raspberry based health beverages (ready-to-serve, RTS) stored at 5±2 °C for 10 weeks, were investigated. After the first two weeks in refrigerated storage, the RTSs showed an increase in total phenolics and total antioxidant capacity. However, at the end of the 10-week storage period, all RTSs exhibited a significant decline in total phenolics and total antioxidant capacity. However, total carotenoids appeared to be less affected during storage compared with the other antioxidants. © 2016, National Institute of Science Communication and Information Resources (NISCAIR). All rights reserved. Source


Singh P.P.,ICAR Central Institute for Arid Horticulture
Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences | Year: 2016

Thirty fenugreek genotypes (Trigonella foenum graecumL) were evaluated during rabi season of 2012-13 to explore its existing gene pool and identify the selection indices with an eye on a more comprehensive breeding programme. Characters like number of pods per plant, protein content in seed, days to 50% flowering and dry weight at flower initiation were found to have least variation among the coefficients both at phenotypic and genotypic level. Broad sense heritability estimates were high for protein content in seed (96.9), followed by number of pods per plant (96.7). The highest genetic advance as percentage of mean was recorded for dry matter content and dry weight at flower initiation indicating that these characters are governed by additive gene action. Correlation coefficients at phenotypic and genotypic level envisaged that biological yield was having significant and positive correlation with chlorophyll content of the leaves, number of pods per plant, straw yield per plant, 1000 seed weight, dry matter content of the plant as whole and seed yield per plant while negatively correlated with the harvest index. Path coefficient analysis revealed that biological yield per plant, harvest index, dry weight at flower initiation, chlorophyll content in leaves, number of branches per plant and 1000 seed weight were the most important characters contributing towards seed yield and hence purposeful and balanced selection based on these traits would be more rewarding for improvement of fenugreek. Source


Choudhary B.R.,ICAR Central Institute for Arid Horticulture | Pandey S.,ICAR Central Institute for Arid Horticulture | Rao E.S.,ICAR Central Institute for Arid Horticulture | Sharma S.K.,ICAR Central Institute for Arid Horticulture
Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences | Year: 2015

The present study was carried out for morphological characterization of twelve reference varieties of muskmelon (Cucumis melo L.) collected from ICAR institutes and SAUs to validate DUS testing guidelines using plant descriptors adopted from the DUS guidelines of PPV and FRA. Among 34 morphological characters studied, 19 were visually assessed and 15 were measured. The fruit shape in longitudinal section was expressed as ovate (MHY 5), elongated globe (Arka Rajhans), oblate (GMM 3, Kashi Madhu) and obovate (Durgapura Madhu). The rind colour of fruit have been grouped as yellow (Kashi Madhu), yellow green (Durgapura Madhu) and orange (Arka Jeet). The sutures on fruit surface were found to be absent in Arka Jeet, MHY 3 and present in Hara Madhu, Kashi Madhu varieties. With respect to netting on fruit surface the varieties have been grouped as absent of netting (Arka Jeet, MHY 5) and moderate netting (RM 50, Punjab Sunehri). The flesh colour was expressed as creamish white (Arka Jeet), grey orange (GMM 3), yellowish green (Durgapura Madhu), green (Hara Madhu) and orange (Kashi Madhu). Under results, no intra-varietal variation was observed for any of the visual characteristics examined. Further, the expression of characters in different varieties remained same for the three consecutive years confirming the uniformity and stability of the varieties for visual characteristics. The varieties were grouped into different categories for each character based on 34 descriptors which may be used as reference varieties. Identified 6 traits as grouping traits, viz. sex expression (at full flowering), fruit shape in longitudinal section, rind colour of fruit, sutures on rind, surface netting of fruit and fruit flesh colour. The morphological characterization of extant varieties was completed to establish distinctness of the candidate variety from all other varieties to utilize these varieties as reference material for protection of other varieties under PPV&FR Act. Source


Meena S.R.,ICAR Central Institute for Arid Horticulture | Singh R.S.,ICAR Central Institute for Arid Horticulture | Sharma B.D.,ICAR Central Institute for Arid Horticulture | Singh D.,ICAR Central Institute for Arid Horticulture
Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge | Year: 2016

The present study was conducted in five major districts fall under the Thar desert of the Rajasthan, India namely; Bikaner, Naguar, Churu, Jodhpur and Jaisalmer district during the years 2010-2013. The objective of the study was to evaluate the most favourite and traditional cucurbitaceous vegetables and their utilization pattern for nourishment and sustenance of the dwellers in these districts. A total of 270 respondents (farmers) were selected to get intended information and to draw the desirable inferences of the study. During the study, it was found that kachari (Cucumis callosus Rott. Cong.), snap melon (Cucumis melo var. momordica), mateera loia (Citrullus lanatus Thunb.), round melon (Citrullus vulgaris var. fistulous) were the most favourite traditional cucurbitaceous vegetables which were grown and used by 67-100% farmers of the selected districts of the Thar desert as fresh or in the form of value added products throughout the year. These vegetables were mainly grown during the rainy season under mixed cropping system extensively and as sole crops at small scale. The farmers who had irrigation facilities grew these vegetables as sole crops at small scale during summer season also. These vegetables were mostly used freshly for preparation of vegetable in current season and various value added products were also prepared from the same for utilization in future in different forms. The major value added products of these vegetables prepared were: dehydrated slice/pieces/nuggets, pickle, fried chutney, dry chutney, powder, juices, hajmola, squash, jam, papadi, shek, cold drinks, sweets, rousted seeds, highly nutritive magaj (kernels of seeds), mateera oil, rayata, magaj laddu, etc. The respondents of the Thar desert got substantial income from above vegetables and value added products of the same. These vegetables also play a vital role as source of traditional herbal medicine to cure several diseases and health problems of the respondent (farmers) in Thar desert areas of the western Rajasthan. © 2016, National Institute of Science Communication and Information Resources (NISCAIR). All rights reserved. Source


Jatav M.K.,ICAR Central Institute for Arid Horticulture | Sharma B.D.,ICAR Central Institute for Arid Horticulture | Samadia D.K.,ICAR Central Institute for Arid Horticulture | Meena S.R.,ICAR Central Institute for Arid Horticulture
Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences | Year: 2016

The results showed that under hot arid agro-climate where soil is low in organic matter and available plant nutrients are of great importance in increasing yield by the balanced plant nutrients supply in Kachri (Cucumis callosus). It may concluded that combined application of 50% recommended dose of NPK (40 kg N+20 kg of P2O2 +20 K2O) along with 15 tonnes/ha FYM (in channel) gave higher yield (113.08 q/ha). Besides more yield, this treatment also showed increasing efficiency, net return and B: C ratio. Source

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