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Lee L.S.,Bassett Healthcare | Kinzig-Schippers M.,Institute for Biomedical and Pharmaceutical Research IBMP | Nafziger A.N.,Bertino Consulting | Ma L.,Ordway Research Institute | And 5 more authors.
Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease | Year: 2010

Imipenem/cilastatin and meropenem are carbapenem antibiotics that are infused intravenously (IV) over 30 to 45 min. We evaluated probability of target attainment and cumulative probability of target attainment of 30-min and 3-h infusions for imipenem/cilastatin and meropenem. Eighteen healthy adults in a randomized, 4-phase, crossover study received 1000 mg of imipenem/cilastatin or meropenem as a single-dose IV over 30 min or 3 h. A population pharmacokinetics analysis using a 2-compartment IV infusion model was performed. Monte Carlo simulations using various dosage regimens at steady-state and 30-min and 3-h infusion rates were performed to evaluate the probabilities of attaining 20% (bacteriostatic), 30%, and 40% (maximum kill) time above the MIC. Three-hour infusions of imipenem/cilastatin and meropenem improved the cumulative probability of target attainment for a variety of populations of microorganisms compared to 30-min infusions. Prolonged infusions have the potential to optimize efficacy of imipenem/cilastatin and meropenem. © 2010 Elsevier Inc.

Valent P.,Medical University of Vienna | Groner B.,Institute for Tumor Biology and Experimental Therapy | Schumacher U.,University of Hamburg | Superti-Furga G.,Austrian Academy of Sciences | And 17 more authors.
Journal of Innate Immunity | Year: 2016

Translational research and precision medicine are based on a profound knowledge of cellular and molecular mechanisms contributing to various physiologic processes and pathologic reactions in diverse organs. Whereas specific molecular interactions and mechanisms have been identified during the past 5 decades, the underlying principles were defined much earlier and originate from to the seminal observations made by outstanding researchers between 1850 and 1915. One of the most outstanding exponents of these scientists is Paul Ehrlich. His work resulted not only in the foundation and birth of modern hematology and immunology, but also led to the development of chemotherapy and specific targeted treatment concepts. In 2015, the Medical University of Vienna organized a memorial meeting, with the aim of honoring Paul Ehrlich's contributions to science, and to commemorate the 100th anniversary of his death. The authors of the current review served as faculty members and dedicate this paper to Paul Ehrlich and his remarkable contributions to medicine. © 2016 S. Karger AG, Basel.

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