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Doñinos de Salamanca, Spain

Lopez-Sendin N.,Ibermutuamur | Alburquerque-Sendin F.,University of Salamanca | Cleland J.A.,Franklin Pierce University | Cleland J.A.,Regis University | Fernandez-De-Las-Penas C.,Rey Juan Carlos University
Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine | Year: 2012

Objectives: The objective of this study was to determine the effects of physical therapy, including massage and exercise, on pain and mood in patients with advanced terminal cancer. Design: The design was a randomized controlled pilot study. Subjects: Twenty-four (24) patients with terminal cancer were randomly assigned to one of two treatment groups. Interventions: Group A received a physiotherapy intervention consisting of several massage techniques, mobilizations, and local and global exercises. Group B received a simple hand contact/touch to areas of pain (cervical area, shoulder, interscapular area, heels, and gastrocnemius), which was maintained for the same period of time as the intervention group. All patients received six sessions of 30-35 minutes in duration over a 2-week period. Outcomes: Outcomes were collected at baseline, at 1 week, and at a 2-week follow-up (after treatment completion) by an assessor blinded to the treatment allocation of the participants. Outcomes included the Brief Pain Inventory (BPI, 0-10 scale), Memorial Pain Assessment Card (0-10 scale), and Memorial Symptom Assessment Scale (MSAS Physical, Psychological, 0-4 scale). Baseline between-group differences were assessed with an independent t-test. A two-way repeated-measures analysis of variance was used to examine the effects of the intervention. Results: There were no significant between-group baseline differences (p>0.2). A significant group×time interaction with greater improvements in group A was found for BPI worst pain (F=3.5, p=0.036), BPI pain right now (F=3.94, p=0.027), and BPI index (F=13.2, p<0.001), for MSAS Psychological (F=8.480, p=0.001). Conclusions: The combination of massage and exercises can reduce pain and improve mood in patients with terminal cancer. A sustained effect on pain and psychologic distress existed; however, parameters such as physical distress and the least pain were no greater in the intervention group as compared to the sham. © Copyright 2012, Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. 2012. Source

To determine the prevalence of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and associated risk factors in a group of managers from the Community of Madrid. Retrospective cross-sectional study of 1838 workers (78.5% male) who underwent medical examination between January 1, 2010 and December 31, 2010 as part of a worker health surveillance program. Data were collected from medical records, laboratory results, anthropometric measurements and hepatic ultrasound. The prevalence of NAFLD was 44.0%: 54.0% in men and 7.3% in women (p<0.001). In both sexes, NAFLD was associated with increasing age, higher weight, shorter stature, higher body mass index, waist circumference and metabolic syndrome, as well as higher levels of uric acid and blood glucose. In the multivariate logistic regression analysis, the risk of NAFLD risk was associated with an abdominal circumference ≥ 102cm for men and ≥ 88cm in women (OR=5.2; 95%CI 3.8-7.1 ), age ≥ 40 years (OR : 3.0; 95%CI 2.3-4.0), triglycerides ≥ 150mg/dl (OR=2.1; 95%CI 1.5-2.8), HDL cholesterol <45mg/dl in women and <40mg/dl in men (OR=1.6; 95%CI 1.1-2.2), and total cholesterol >200/dl mg (OR=1.4; 95%CI 1.0-1.9). NAFLD prevalence is notably different among sexes and is associated with hypertriglyceridemia, hypercholesterolemia, low HDL cholesterol, abdominal obesity and metabolic syndrome. Screening programs for NAFLD in worker medical surveillance programs could be of interest in occupational medicine. Copyright belongs to the Societat Catalana de Seguretat i Medicina del Treball. Source

Esteban M.,Institute Salud Carlos III | Ruiz-Moraga M.,Ibermutuamur | Perez-Gomez B.,Institute Salud Carlos III | Perez-Gomez B.,CIBER ISCIII | Castano A.,Institute Salud Carlos III
Gaceta Sanitaria | Year: 2013

The fieldwork of BIOAMBIENT.ES was developed from March 2009 to July 2010. BIOAMBIENT.ES is a human biomonitoring study of environmental pollutants performed in Spain at the national level. This article aims to show the tasks performed before starting the fieldwork to ensure the quality of the samples and consequently the quality of the results. A total of 1,936 whole blood, serum and first-morning urine samples and 604 hair samples were collected from workers who attended the annual occupational health examination in 38 centers in the Peninsula, Ceuta and the Canary Islands. Before the fieldwork was started, the optimal sampling material and sample shipment was identified and fieldworkers were trained in their tasks. Due to the planning and organization of the pre-analytical phase, only 1% of the collected samples had to be rejected due to problem with spills, conservation, etc. In addition, the analyses conducted showed no pre-analytical interferences. © 2012 SESPAS. Source

Canas A.I.,Institute Salud Carlos III | Cervantes-Amat M.,Institute Salud Carlos III | Cervantes-Amat M.,CIBER ISCIII | Esteban M.,Institute Salud Carlos III | And 5 more authors.
International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health | Year: 2014

This paper provides the first baseline information on a national scale regarding lead exposure in the Spanish adult population. Blood lead levels were measured in a representative sample of the Spanish working population (1880 subjects aged 18-65 years) in order to help establish reference levels, follow temporal trends, identify high-exposure groups and to enable comparisons with other countries. All participants completed an epidemiological questionnaire including gender, age, occupational sector, geographic area, and dietary and lifestyle information. We found that the geometric mean of blood lead levels in the study population was 24.0. μg/L (95% CI: 23.0-25.1. μg/L), with women having significantly lower levels than men, 19.5. μg/L (18.5-20.5. μg/L) compared to 28.3. μg/L (26.7-30.0. μg/L), respectively. Mean blood lead levels were higher in elder groups in both genders. Women of a childbearing age had blood levels of 18.0. μg/L (GM). Reference values (95%) for lead in blood in the studied population was 56.80. μg/L, with -64.00. μg/L, 44.80. μg/L and 36.00. μg/L for man, women and women of childbearing age, respectively. Workers from the service sector had lower blood lead levels than those from the construction, agricultural and industry sectors. Small, although significant, geographical differences had been found.In an European comparison, the Spanish population studied herein had lead levels similar to populations in countries such as France and Belgium, and slightly lower levels than Italian, Czech, German or UK populations. © 2013 Elsevier GmbH. Source

Brotons C.,In equip | Calvo-Bonacho E.,Ibermutuamur | Moral I.,In equip | Garcia-Margallo M.T.,Sociedad de Prevencion de Ibermutuamur | And 4 more authors.
Revista Espanola de Cardiologia | Year: 2014

Introduction and Objectives The guidelines of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association and the British National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence on the management and treatment of dyslipidemia recommend significant changes, such as the abolition of therapeutic targets and the use of new risk tables. This study aimed to evaluate the impact of the use of these new guidelines compared with the application of European guidelines.Methods Observational study conducted among Spanish workers. We included all workers registered with the Sociedad de Prevención de Ibermutuamur in 2011 whose cardiovascular risk could be evaluated. Cardiovascular risk was calculated for each worker using the Systematic Coronary Risk Evaluation cardiovascular risk tables for low-risk countries, as well as the tables recommended by the American and British guidelines.Results A total of 258 676 workers were included (68.2% men; mean age 39.3 years). High risk was found in 3.74% of the population according to the Systematic Coronary Risk Evaluation tables and in 6.85% and 20.83% according to the British and American tables, respectively. Treatment would be needed in 20 558 workers according to the American guidelines and in 13 222 according to the British guidelines, but in only 2612 according to the European guidelines. By following the American guidelines, the cost of statins would increase by a factor of 8.Conclusions The new recommendations would result in identifying more high-risk patients and in treating a larger fraction of the population with lipid-lowering drugs than with the European recommendations, which would result in increased costs. Full English text available from: www.revespcardiol.org/en. © 2014 Sociedad Española de Cardiología. Source

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