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Shanshiashvili L.,Iberitashvili Institute Of Physiology | Shanshiashvili L.,Ilia State University | Shanshiashvili L.,Institute of Advanced Study | Narmania N.,Iberitashvili Institute Of Physiology | And 9 more authors.
Cell Biochemistry and Biophysics | Year: 2011

Structural, chemical, and mutational studies have shown that C-terminal cysteine residues on H-Ras could potentially be oxidized by nitrosylation. For investigating the effect of nitrosylation of Ras molecule on the adsorption of farnesylated H-Ras into lipid layer, experiments with optical waveguide lightmode spectroscopy were used. The analysis of association/dissociation kinetics to planar phospholipids under controlled hydrodynamic conditions has shown that preliminary treatment of protein by S-nitroso-cysteine decreased the adsorption of farnesylated H-Ras. The authors have found that compared with nitrosylated forms, farnesylated H-Ras has more compact configuration, because of the smaller area occupied by protein upon absorption at the membrane. The association rate coefficient for unmodified H-Ras was lower than similar parameter for farnesylated and nitrosylated forms. However, the desorbability, i. e., parameter, which reflects the rate of dissociation of protein from lipids is higher for farnesylated H-Ras. In addition, it was have found that farnesylation of cytoplasmic H-Ras, in contrast to membrane-derived forms, inhibits intrinsic GTPase activity of protein, and preliminary treatment of H-Ras by S-nitroso-cysteine restores the activity to the control level. These data suggest that nitrosylation of H-Ras rearranges the adsorptive potential and intrinsic GTPase activity of H-Ras through modification of C-terminal cysteines of molecule. © 2010 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC.

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