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Hitachi, Japan

Ibaraki University , Japan, is a national university located in Ibaraki Prefecture, with campuses in the cities of Mito, Ami and Hitachi. It was established on May 31, 1949, integrating these prewar institutions: Mito High School , Ibaraki Normal School , Ibaraki Juvenile Normal School , and Taga Technical Specialists' College . The initial colleges were the College of Arts and science, the College of Education, and the College of Engineering. Wikipedia.


Asayama M.,Ibaraki University
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology | Year: 2012

New cyanobacterial expression vectors, possessing an origin of replication that functions in a broad range of Gram-negative bacteria, were constructed. To inspect the shuttle vectors, the gene gfp was cloned downstream from the expression control element (ECE) originating from the regulatory region of the Microcystis aeruginosa gene psbA2 (for photosystem II D1 protein), and the vectors were introduced into three kinds of cyanobacteria (Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803, Synechococcus elongatus PCC 7942, and Limnothrix/ Pseudanabaena sp. ABRG5-3) by conjugation. Multiple copy numbers of the expression vectors (in the range of 14-25 copies per cell) and a high expression of green fluorescent protein (GFP) at the RNA/protein level were observed in the cyanobacterial transconjugants. Importantly, GFP was observed in a supernatant from the autolysed transconjugants of ABRG5-3 and easily collected from the supernatant without centrifugation and/or further cell lysis. These results indicate the vectors together with the recombinant cells to be useful for overproducing and recovering target gene products from cyanobacteria. © Springer-Verlag 2011. Source


Hay J.E.,Ibaraki University
Sustainability Science | Year: 2013

The intent of this paper is to place the concepts of exposure, vulnerability, resilience and risk in the context of the consequences of global change for the sustainable development of small island developing states (SIDS). Many such states face a number of global climate change risks, such as an increase in the proportion of more intense storms, along with other global change threats that include energy security and costs. All these threats come on top of local development threats, such as increased run-off, often with increasing levels of contaminants due to unsustainable agricultural and industrial practices. When taken together, the resulting pressures on islands and their communities lead to significant increases in vulnerability to change due to reduced resilience to these changes. Vulnerability is also increasing as a result of contemporary processes that heighten the exposure of material and other assets. The capacity to address hazard risk also influences vulnerability. This includes the level of awareness of coastal hazards and exposure, and access to critical life support infrastructure, especially for people living in hazard-prone areas. Vulnerability and resilience are considered to be important integrating concepts when managing the local consequences of global changes. There are many initiatives that will help reduce the vulnerability and enhance the resilience of SIDS to such changes. These include improving risk knowledge and coastal resource and land use management, while also strengthening socio-economic systems and livelihoods. In this way, managing global change can be closely aligned with local development and humanitarian processes, thereby enhancing the overall sustainability of development processes and outcomes. © 2013 Springer Japan. Source


Nakagawa N.,Ibaraki University
Physical Review E - Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics | Year: 2012

We extend Jarzynski's work relation and the second law of thermodynamics to a heat conducting system, which is operated by an external agent. These extensions contain a nonequilibrium contribution expressed as the violation of the (linear) response relation caused by the operation. We find that a natural extension of the minimum work principle involves information about the time-reversed operation, and is far from straightforward. Our work relation may be tested experimentally especially when the temperature gradient is small. © 2012 American Physical Society. Source


Fukui T.,Ibaraki University
Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics | Year: 2010

We explore Majorana zero modes bound to a vortex line in a three-dimensional topological superconductor model, focusing our attention on the validity of the index theorem previously derived. We first solve the Bogoliubov-de Gennes equation at the zero energy to obtain the analytical index. We next calculate the topological index given by the order parameters. It turns out that they indeed coincide and that index theorem, which has been derived on the implicit assumption that a defect is pointlike, is also valid for a line defect. © 2010 The American Physical Society. Source


Hotta K.,Tohoku University | Yamaguchi A.,Ibaraki University | Teramae N.,Tohoku University
ACS Nano | Year: 2012

Label-free optical biosensors have attracted much attention, and nanoporous metal-oxide membranes with uniform pore structure and diameter are promising candidates for platforms of label-free optical biosensors. However, development of such sensors with high sensitivity still remains challenging. In this paper, we report on the remarkably enhanced sensitivity of a label-free nanoporous optical waveguide (NPWG) sensor composed of a porous anodic alumina (PAA) waveguiding film and an aluminum cladding film. The enhanced sensitivity was achieved by engineering nanostructures and tuning optical properties of the PAA film. Careful tuning of the porosity, pore density, thickness, and refractive index of the PAA film could significantly improve the sensitivity of the NPWG sensor toward adsorption of bovine serum albumin (BSA) onto the PAA surface, and the optimized sensor responded to the adsorption of BSA with an extraordinarily large red shift (>300 nm) of a waveguide mode due to the large adsorption capacity of the PAA film and the inherently high sensitivity of the waveguide mode. The Fresnel calculations suggested that the potential sensitivity of the NPWG sensor was much higher than that of the conventional surface plasmon resonance (SPR) sensors. © 2012 American Chemical Society. Source

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