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Komatsu M.,National Institute of Livestock and Grassland Science NILGS | Fujimori Y.,Ibaraki Prefecture Livestock Research Center | Sato Y.,Iwate Prefecture Livestock Research Center | Okamura H.,Japan National Institute of Agrobiological Science | And 12 more authors.
Animal Science Journal | Year: 2010

Growth hormone secretagogue receptor 1a (GHSR1a) mediates the different actions of its endogenous ligand, ghrelin. Ghrelin-GHSR is involved in many important functions that include growth hormone secretion and food intake. We evaluated the haplotype variety and characterized the microsatellite ((TG)n, 5'-UTR) and nucleotide polymorphisms of the bovine GHSR1a gene. The nucleotide sequencing of this gene (∼6 kb) revealed 47 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), four indels and the microsatellite ((GTTT)n, Intron 1). The 19 haplotypes were constructed from all nucleotide viability patterns and were divided into three major groups. Four SNPs (L24V, nt456(G>A), D191N and nt667(C>T)) and DelR242 in Exon 1 and a haplotype block of approximately 2.2 kb (nt667(C>T) ∼ nt2884 (A>G)) were found in Bos taurus breeds. Breed differences in allele frequencies of the two microsatellites, nt-7(C>A), L24V, and DelR242 loci were found (P < 0.005). A DelR242 was found in the Japanese Shorthorn (frequency: ∼ 0.44), Japanese Brown, five European cattle breeds, the Philippine native cattle, but none detected in the Japanese Black or the Mishima island cattle. Additionally, 5'-rapid amplification of cDNA ends and RT-PCR analyses revealed that there were two different kinds of transcripts: spliced, without a microsatellite within 5'-UTR (GHSR1a); and non-spliced, with the microsatellite (GHSR1b). © 2010 The Authors; Journal compilation © 2010 Japanese Society of Animal Science. Source

Komatsu M.,National Institute of Livestock | Itoh T.,Maebashi Institute of Animal Science | Fujimori Y.,Ibaraki Prefecture Livestock Research Center | Satoh M.,National Institute of Livestock | And 5 more authors.
Animal Science Journal | Year: 2011

We carried out a genetic association study between five nucleotide polymorphisms (5'UTR microsatellite ((TG)n), nt-7(C>A), L24V, DelR242 and Intron 1 microsatellite) of the GHSR1a gene and growth and carcass traits in 1285 steers sired by 117 Japanese Black bulls in a progeny testing program. We report herein, a significant association between the 5'UTR microsatellite and nt-7(C>A) loci and growth and carcass traits. We also propose a translational hypothesis that the association is due to differences in the secondary structure of GHSR1b mRNA (the non-spliced type with the 5'UTR microsatellite) among the GHSR1a gene haplotypes. Furthermore, we predicted the potential increase in profitability due to increased carcass weight in cow-calf fattening enterprises through planned matings based on DNA testing of the 5'UTR microsatellite. Statistical analysis revealed that the 5'UTR microsatellite locus had a significant additive effect on carcass weight (CW) and average daily gain (ADG), but not on beef marbling score (BMS). One of the four major microsatellite alleles (19-TG allele) with an allele frequency of 0.145, had a significantly (P<0.0007) desirable effect on CW and ADG. We concluded that the 19-TG allele could potentially be economically useful nucleotide markers for growth and carcass traits in Japanese Black cattle. © 2011 Japanese Society of Animal Science. Source

Adachi N.,Ibaraki Prefecture Livestock Research Center | Yamaguchi D.,Ibaraki Prefecture Livestock Hygiene Service Center | Watanabe A.,Ibaraki Prefecture Livestock Hygiene Service Center | Miura N.,Ibaraki Prefecture Livestock Research Center | And 9 more authors.
Journal of Reproduction and Development | Year: 2014

The objective of this study was to examine the health and meat production of cloned sows and their progenies in order to demonstrate the application of somatic cell cloning to the pig industry. This study compared the growth, reproductive performance, carcass characteristics and meat quality of Landrace cloned sows, F1 progenies and F2 progenies. We measured their body weight, growth rate and feed conversion and performed a pathological analysis of their anatomy to detect abnormalities. Three of the five cloned pigs were used for a growth test. Cloned pigs grew normally and had characteristics similar to those of the control purebred Landrace pigs. Two cloned gilts were bred with a Landrace boar and used for a progeny test. F1 progenies had characteristics similar to those of the controls. Two of the F1 progeny gilts were bred with a Duroc or Large White boar and used for the progeny test. F2 progenies grew normally. There were no biological differences in growth, carcass characteristics and amino acid composition among cloned sows, F1 progenies, F2 progenies and conventional pigs. The cloned sows and F1 progenies showed normal reproductive performance. No specific abnormalities were observed by pathological analysis, with the exception of periarteritis in the F1 progenies. All pigs had a normal karyotype. These results demonstrate that cloned female pigs and their progenies have similar growth, reproductive performance and carcass quality characteristics and that somatic cell cloning could be a useful technique for conserving superior pig breeds in conventional meat production. © 2014 by the Society for Reproduction and Development. Source

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