The domestication of a technical innovation: Diffusion of drip irrigation in two villages in morocco [la domestication d'une innovation technique : La diffusion de l'irrigation au goutte-à-goutte dans deux douars au maroc]
Ameur F.,IAV Hassan II Madinate Al Irfane |
Ameur F.,CIRAD - Agricultural Research for Development |
Hamamouche M.F.,IAV Hassan II Madinate Al Irfane |
Hamamouche M.F.,CIRAD - Agricultural Research for Development |
And 4 more authors.
Cahiers Agricultures | Year: 2013
Drip irrigation is often viewed as a sophisticated technology, designed for large farms practicing scientific agriculture. Yet around the world, small-scale farmers are able to adopt this technology through local initiatives. This article analyses the process of "domestication" of drip irrigation in two villages in Morocco, through the study of its diffusion to a wide range of farms. We determine the factors triggering, accelerating, and regulating this diffusion. The domestication of drip irrigation has transformed a costly, imported, unknown technique adopted by a small minority of investors into an adaptable, accessible and widely adopted innovation through a process of experimentation by farmers, the emergence of local engineering expertise, the development of distribution networks, and attractive agricultural markets.