Halle (Saale), Germany
Halle (Saale), Germany
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Glauben T.,IAMO | Hansen K.,Kraft Foods Inc. | Loy J.-P.,University of Kiel | Weiss C.R.,Vienna University of Economics and Business
Agricultural Economics | Year: 2011

Temporary price reductions (sales) as a means of promotion have become an increasingly important tool in the marketing mix of food retailers around the world. This paper investigates the retailers' pricing strategy by explicitly accounting for the multi-product nature of retailing. We find that retailers systematically adjust the breadth and depth of sales over time and they respond aggressively to their rivals' promotional activities. Finally, the breadth and depth of sales are found to be substitutes in the set of the available strategies to increase the store traffic.

Zhao Q.,China Agricultural University | Brosig S.,IAMO | Luo R.,China Agricultural University | Zhang L.,CAS Beijing Institute of Geographic Sciences and Nature Resources Research | And 2 more authors.
China Agricultural Economic Review | Year: 2016

Purpose: The need for a universal rural pension system has been heightened by demographic changes in rural China, including the rapid aging of the nation's rural population and a dramatic decline in fertility. In response to these changes, China's Government introduced the New Rural Social Pension Program (NRSPP) in 2009, a voluntary and highly subsidized pension scheme. The purpose of this paper is to assess the participation of rural farmers in the NRSPP. Furthermore, the authors examine whether the NRSPP affects the labor supply of the elderly population in China. Design/methodology/approach: This paper uses household-level data from a sample of 2,020 households originating from a survey conducted by the authors in five provinces, 25 counties, and 101 villages in rural China. Using a probit model and conducting correlation analysis, the authors demonstrate the factors affecting the participation and the impact of NRSPP on labor supply of the rural elderly. Findings: The results show there are several factors that are correlated with participation, such as specific policy variant in force in the respective household's province, the size of the pension payout from government, the age of sample individuals, and the value of household durable assets. Specifically, different characteristics of NRSPP policy implementation increase participation in China's social pension program. The results suggest that the introduction of the NRSPP has not affected the labor supply of the rural elderly, in general, although it has reduced participation for the elderly who were in poor health. Originality/value: Several previous studies have covered the NRSPP. However, all previous studies were based on case studies or just focused on a small region, and for this reason the results cannot reflect the populations and heterogeneity of rural areas. Therefore, a data set with a large sample size is used in this paper to provide a new perspective to fully understand the participation of NRSPP and its impacts on rural households. This paper will make an update contribution to the literature in the area of pension programs in China. © Emerald Group Publishing Limited.

Garrod G.,Northumbria University | Raley M.,Northumbria University | Aznar O.,IRSTEA | Espinosa O.B.,IAMO | And 4 more authors.
Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers: Engineering Sustainability | Year: 2013

Engaging relevant stakeholders in the planning process can generate better mutual understanding among participants and lead to decisions that are more sustainable. This study examines the potential for stakeholders to participate with modellers in the construction of development scenarios that can be explored through microsimulation modelling approaches. This activity requires participants, who are drawn from local administrations and the communities that they serve, to engage with the model at different stages of its development. Such engagement is important for model design and for ensuring that the resulting models are able to frame questions that the stakeholders are interested in. This study adopted a participatory workshop approach across three European countries to explore the potential for stakeholders to engage with modellers at different stages of the modelling process. The interactions between modellers and local stakeholders provided a number of important insights on the future design, conduct and application of such exercises and suggest some limits to the use of scenario development as a tool for participatory modelling and sustainable development.

Cechura L.,Czech University of Life Sciences | Hockmann H.,IAMO | Maly M.,Czech University of Life Sciences | Zakova Kroupova Z.,Czech University of Life Sciences
Agris On-line Papers in Economics and Informatics | Year: 2015

The paper presents the analysis of cereal production in the EU. The analysis provides the comparison of production technologies and technical efficiency among EU countries using the country specific multiple output distance function models in the first step and metafrontier approach in the second step to determine the level and development of technical efficiency. The results show the high technical efficiency of cereal producers in the analyzed countries. On average, the differences in technical efficiency among the analyzed countries are not pronounced; however, the technologies used as well as the determinants of technical efficiency differ significantly.

Cechura L.,Czech University of Life Sciences | Kroupova Z.Z.,Czech University of Life Sciences | Hockmann H.,IAMO
Agris On-line Papers in Economics and Informatics | Year: 2015

The paper presents an analysis of market power in the output milk-processing market. In particular, the paper identifies market failures in the output milk-processing market in 24 EU member states. The analysis is based on a mark-up model and the application of stochastic frontier methodology. The results show that market failures are pronounced on the EU output milk-processing market. However, the abuse of oligopoly market power is not large on average, despite the fact that we can find significant differences among the countries. The mark-up distribution is skewed toward lower values. That is, the majority of companies are characterized by only a small or almost no degree of market power; however, there are companies (about 10 %) with considerably high oligopoly market power.

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