IAL
Esperanza, Argentina
IAL
Esperanza, Argentina

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Acosta J.M.,IAL | Panigo E.S.,IAL | Dellaferrera I.,IAL | Perreta M.G.,IAL
Weed Research | Year: 2013

Summary: Controlled growth chamber experiments were conducted to determine factors affecting seed germination and emergence of the troublesome weed Gomphrena perennis. The objective of this research was to examine the effects of temperature, light, moist chilling, osmotic potential, dry storage and depth of seed burial on G.perennis germination and emergence. The optimum temperature for germination was around 15-20°C. Seeds showed germination rates above 90% under 20/10 and 25/15°C temperature regimes. The minimum exposure to light needed to stimulate germination was 1min. However, the light requirement was reduced after a long storage period. Furthermore, germination was high (>90%) in all moist-chilling treatments tested. Germination was highly sensitive to increasing osmotic stress. The highest germination percentage (94%) was achieved at 0MPa, and decreasing osmotic potential from 0 to -0.3MPa reduced germination to 11%. The highest seedling emergence occurred for seeds placed from 0 to 1cm deep, and no seedlings emerged from a 5-cm burial depth. Gomphrena perennis has a suitable environment in a no-till soybean field, where seeds remaining on the surface have the required temperature, light and depth needed for germination. © 2012 European Weed Research Society.


News Article | December 15, 2016
Site: www.PR.com

Receive press releases from Worlds of Wonder: By Email This winter, soak up the sun and add fun to your time outdoors with Worlds of Wonder Amusement Park’s exclusive online offers. Noida, India, December 15, 2016 --( If you purchase Winter Fest tickets, you get 10% off on a purchase of three or more tickets for adults i.e., people over the age of 18 and taller than 130 cm. When you buy tickets with complimentary food and beverage coupon, you get to pick from 9 different food combos from WOW cafés, Punjabi Dhaba, and Madras Café. This offer too applies on purchase of tickets for adults. Note that Worlds of Wonder is an alcohol and smoke free zone and hence neither of the two are available inside the park. There is a promocode for each offer. It is important that you use the promocode while purchasing the ticket, else the offer won’t apply. The tickets and food coupon will be given to you when you present a print out of your online purchase. The offers apply on tickets for adults only and cannot be clubbed with any other offer/package on the website or otherwise. It is mandatory that you follow the rules and regulations of the park as mentioned on the website else admittance will not be permitted. You can make Christmas and/or New Year special by booking tickets to Worlds of Wonder in Advance. The park stays open from 10:30 a.m. to 7 p.m. on all days. The same applies for the offers on tickets bought for weekdays or weekends. There are no special charges on tickets purchased for weekends. The cost of the tickets remains the same. About Worlds of Wonder Worlds of Wonder Amusement Park, located in Sector 38A (next to sector 18) is part of the largest Entertainment Hub in Noida, Entertainment City. The Amusement Park has 20 rides divided into 2 zones (for teens and for families), offering adventure and amusement to all. All the rides are safe and the park follows strict safety regulations. Rides like Rockin’ Roller, Download, Mega Disko, and Fast Forward are among the favourites of the visitors. Aside from these high speed rides Lake WOW (largest man-made lake in Delhi-NCR) is a leisurely ride, enjoyed by all. About Entertainment City Entertainment City Limited is a joint venture between Unitech Group and International Amusement Limited (IAL) that owns and operates the Entertainment City in Noida. Entertainment City was incorporated in 2002 and currently operates The Great India Place, Worlds of Wonder (Amusement park and Water Park) and Gardens Galleria aside from housing tenants like Decathalon, Kidzania, McDonalds, Wonder Speedway (go-karting) and more. Noida, India, December 15, 2016 --( PR.com )-- Get 10% off on a purchase of 3 or more adult tickets (part of the Winter Fest deal) or get complimentary food coupons on a purchase of every adult ticket (a special offer this festive season). Both the offers are applicable on online purchase of the ticket/s via the official website www.worldsofwonder.in. The offers are valid for a limited period and on limited number of tickets starting 10th December, 2016.If you purchase Winter Fest tickets, you get 10% off on a purchase of three or more tickets for adults i.e., people over the age of 18 and taller than 130 cm.When you buy tickets with complimentary food and beverage coupon, you get to pick from 9 different food combos from WOW cafés, Punjabi Dhaba, and Madras Café. This offer too applies on purchase of tickets for adults. Note that Worlds of Wonder is an alcohol and smoke free zone and hence neither of the two are available inside the park.There is a promocode for each offer. It is important that you use the promocode while purchasing the ticket, else the offer won’t apply. The tickets and food coupon will be given to you when you present a print out of your online purchase. The offers apply on tickets for adults only and cannot be clubbed with any other offer/package on the website or otherwise. It is mandatory that you follow the rules and regulations of the park as mentioned on the website else admittance will not be permitted.You can make Christmas and/or New Year special by booking tickets to Worlds of Wonder in Advance. The park stays open from 10:30 a.m. to 7 p.m. on all days. The same applies for the offers on tickets bought for weekdays or weekends. There are no special charges on tickets purchased for weekends. The cost of the tickets remains the same.About Worlds of WonderWorlds of Wonder Amusement Park, located in Sector 38A (next to sector 18) is part of the largest Entertainment Hub in Noida, Entertainment City. The Amusement Park has 20 rides divided into 2 zones (for teens and for families), offering adventure and amusement to all. All the rides are safe and the park follows strict safety regulations. Rides like Rockin’ Roller, Download, Mega Disko, and Fast Forward are among the favourites of the visitors. Aside from these high speed rides Lake WOW (largest man-made lake in Delhi-NCR) is a leisurely ride, enjoyed by all.About Entertainment CityEntertainment City Limited is a joint venture between Unitech Group and International Amusement Limited (IAL) that owns and operates the Entertainment City in Noida. Entertainment City was incorporated in 2002 and currently operates The Great India Place, Worlds of Wonder (Amusement park and Water Park) and Gardens Galleria aside from housing tenants like Decathalon, Kidzania, McDonalds, Wonder Speedway (go-karting) and more. Worlds of Wonder Brijesh Kumar 1-800-103-1415 http://www.worldsofwonder.in Entertainment City | Sec-38 A Entry from Gate No. 11, Adjacent The Great India Place Mall Noida - New Delhi/NCR. Click here to view the list of recent Press Releases from Worlds of Wonder


News Article | November 10, 2016
Site: www.eurekalert.org

Some mutations that enable drug resistance in the malaria-causing parasite Plasmodium falciparum may also help it grow, according to a new study published in PLOS Pathogens. P. falciparum is a single-celled parasite that infects the human bloodstream and causes the most severe form of malaria. Some strains of P. falciparum have evolved resistance to antimalarial drugs, including the commonly used drug chloroquine. Often, chloroquine resistance mutations hinder P. falciparum's ability to infect the bloodstream and grow. However, in a previous study, Stanislaw Gabryszewski of Columbia University Medical Center, New York, and colleagues discovered that a uniquely mutated version of the P. falciparum gene known as pfcrt provides drug resistance while avoiding the detrimental impact of growth seen with more widely distributed mutated pfcrt variants. In the new study, Gabryszewski's team investigated this version, or allele, of the pfcrt gene, which is called Cam734 and has been found in certain regions in Southeast Asia. Using DNA-modifying proteins called zinc-finger nucleases, they characterized the individual mutations unique to Cam734 in terms of their effects on drug resistance, metabolism, and growth rates in living parasites. The researchers found that a mutation called A144F is required for the chloroquine resistance enabled by Cam734 and that this mutation also contributes to resistance to first-line drugs amodiaquine and quinine. Additional mutations were identified that contributed to resistance to chloroquine and impacted the potency of other antimalarials. When the scientists reversed these mutations in living parasites that had the Cam734 allele, growth slowed, indicating that these mutations also enhance infection. Additional experiments identified specific effects of Cam734 mutations on several metabolic pathways in P. falciparum, including the digestion of human hemoglobin that parasites use to obtain amino acids for protein synthesis. They also found evidence that Cam734 helps to maintain an electrochemical gradient that allows the protein encoded by the pfcrt gene to thwart the cellular effects of chloroquine. These new findings significantly broaden scientists' understanding of Cam734, the second most common variant of the pfcrt gene in Southeast Asia. The findings identify multiple intracellular processes and multidrug resistance phenotypes impacted by changes in PfCRT and can help inform future malaria treatment efforts. In your coverage please use this URL to provide access to the freely available article in PLOS Pathogens: http://dx. Please contact plospathogens@plos.org if you would like more information. Funding: Financial support for this work was provided by the National Institutes of Health: R01 AI50234 and AI109023 to DAF; F30 AI114070 to SJG; R01 AI110329 to TJE; and R01 AI506312 to PDR. IAL was supported by Alberta Innovates - Health Solutions (AIHS, Translational Health Chair), Canada Foundation for Innovation (CFI-JELF 34986), and the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council (NSERC, Discovery Grant 04547). ML was supported by the Burroughs Wellcome Fund (Investigators in Pathogenesis of Infectious Disease Award for Research), an NIH Director's New Innovators Award (1DP2OD001315), and the Center for Quantitative Biology (P50 GM071508). SJG gratefully acknowledges the Columbia University Medical Scientist Training Program for training support (T32 GM007367). JMC thanks the National Research Foundation South Africa for scholarship support. The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript. Competing Interests: The authors have declared that no competing interests exist. Citation: Gabryszewski SJ, Dhingra SK, Combrinck JM, Lewis IA, Callaghan PS, Hassett MR, et al. (2016) Evolution of Fitness Cost-Neutral Mutant PfCRT Conferring P. falciparum 4-Aminoquinoline Drug Resistance Is Accompanied by Altered Parasite Metabolism and Digestive Vacuole Physiology. PLoS Pathog 12(11): e1005976. doi:10.1371/journal.ppat.1005976


Research and Markets has announced the addition of the "A Global Overview of the Flavours and Fragrances Market - 10th Edition - Asia-Pacific" report to their offering. This report describes the consumption of compounded flavours and fragrances by manufacturers of finished products such as packaged food, beverages, toiletries and cleaning products.  The consumption is reported for the country in which the finished goods are produced. Food ingredients, extracts, essential oils and aroma chemicals are not included in the definition.  However, as overlap can occur within companies' accounting of the industry, the possibility of double counting cannot be absolutely excluded. The Asia Pacific region is broken down further into the following countries: Australia, China, India, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, New Zealand, Pakistan, Philippines, Singapore, South Korea, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam. This report provides consumption data (in US dollars) for 2015, forecasts to 2020, as well as details of the main trends and issues affecting the current and future global consumption of flavours and fragrances.  It also provides an overview of the supply situation. In its consideration of the flavours and fragrances market, IAL has discussed with respondents the range of products and end-uses listed in this section. Due to the nature of the markets, the quantity of information available for each sector can vary significantly. The following sectors include, but are not limited to: For more information about this report visit http://www.researchandmarkets.com/research/gddjt5/a_global_overview


Abakerli R.B.,University of Campinas | Sparrapan R.,University of Campinas | Sawaya A.C.H.F.,University of Campinas | Eberlin M.N.,University of Campinas | And 8 more authors.
Food Chemistry | Year: 2015

Golden, Sunrise Solo and Tainung cultivars of papaya were found to release CS2 when submitted to experimental conditions of dithiocarbamate residue analysis. Three common analytical methods were used to quantitate CS2; one spectrophotometric method and two chromatographic methods. All three methods gave positive CS2 results for all three papaya varieties. Other endogenous compounds present in isooctane extracts of papaya fractions detected via gas chromatography (GC/ITD) using electron ionization (EI) were: carbonyl sulfide, dimethyl sulfide, carbon disulfide, 2-methylthiophene, 3-methylthiophene, 2-ethylthiophene, 3-ethylthiophene, benzylisothiocyanate, benzylthiocyanate and benzonitrile. Control samples were obtained from papaya plantations cultivated in experimental areas, in which no treatment with fungicides of the dithiocarbamate group was applied. Endogenous CS2 levels were compared with true dithiocarbamate residues measured in papaya samples from the field trials following applications of the mancozeb fungicide. Three days after application, true dithiocarbamate residues, measured by the procedure with isooctane partitioning and GC-ITD, were at the average level of 2 mg kg-1. © 2015 Elsevier Ltd.


PubMed | IAL, EBDA, INCAPER, University of Brasilia and 2 more.
Type: | Journal: Food chemistry | Year: 2015

Golden, Sunrise Solo and Tainung cultivars of papaya were found to release CS2 when submitted to experimental conditions of dithiocarbamate residue analysis. Three common analytical methods were used to quantitate CS2; one spectrophotometric method and two chromatographic methods. All three methods gave positive CS2 results for all three papaya varieties. Other endogenous compounds present in isooctane extracts of papaya fractions detected via gas chromatography (GC/ITD) using electron ionization (EI) were: carbonyl sulfide, dimethyl sulfide, carbon disulfide, 2-methylthiophene, 3-methylthiophene, 2-ethylthiophene, 3-ethylthiophene, benzylisothiocyanate, benzylthiocyanate and benzonitrile. Control samples were obtained from papaya plantations cultivated in experimental areas, in which no treatment with fungicides of the dithiocarbamate group was applied. Endogenous CS2 levels were compared with true dithiocarbamate residues measured in papaya samples from the field trials following applications of the mancozeb fungicide. Three days after application, true dithiocarbamate residues, measured by the procedure with isooctane partitioning and GC-ITD, were at the average level of 2 mg kg(-1).


NEW YORK, Nov. 3, 2016 /PRNewswire/ -- IAL Consultants is updating its in?depth market report on Polyurethane Chemicals and Products in Europe, Middle East and Africa. The data will also be available separately in a database format for subscribers, enabling the manipulation and output of...


LONDON, Nov. 17, 2016 /PRNewswire/ -- IAL Consultants is updating its in depth market report on Polyurethane Chemicals and Products in Europe, Middle East and Africa. The data will also be available separately in a database format for subscribers, enabling the manipulation and output of...


LONDON, Nov. 21, 2016 /PRNewswire/ -- IAL Consultants is updating its in?depth market report on Polyurethane Chemicals and Products in Europe, Middle East and Africa. The data will also be available separately in a database format for subscribers, enabling the manipulation and output of...


NEW YORK, Dec. 17, 2016 /PRNewswire/ -- IAL Consultants is updating its in?depth market report on Polyurethane Chemicals and Products in Europe, Middle East and Africa. The data will also be available separately in a database format for subscribers, enabling the manipulation and...

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