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Campinas, Brazil

Nunes F.L.,IAC APTA | de Camargo M.B.P.,Instituto Agronomico | Fazuoli L.C.,Instituto Agronomico | Rolim G.S.,Instituto Agronomico | Pezzopane J.R.M.,Federal University of Espirito Santo

Models that consider the climatic effects to the physiologic processes of the phenology are fundamental for obtaining agrometeorological models more consistent to estimate duration of the flowering-maturation coffee growth stage and consequently better coffee grain yield estimates. The main objective was to obtain the parametrization and validation of different agrometeorological models that quantify the duration of the flowering-maturation stage for three arabica coffee cultivars. Phenological data were collected concerning Mundo Novo, Catuaí, and Obatã IAC 1669-20 cultivars from the experimental studies between the growing seasons 2001/02 to 2007/08 at Agronomic Institute (IAC/APTA), located at Campinas and Mococa, São Paulo State, Brazil. The growing seasons from 2001/02 to 2004/05 were used for the parametrization of the models, and from 2005/06 to 2007/08 were reserved for the validations. Five different thermal sums were used to estimate the duration of the flowering-maturation stage. Three based on evapotranspiration: potential (ETp), actual (ETr) and a combination between ETr and ETp (ETr-ETp); and two based on classic growing degree-days (GD) and a corrected by the water availability factor (GDcorr) during the fructification period. Results indicated that models considering correction for water availability (ETr and GDcorr) presented better results with estimative of the duration of the flowering-maturation stage with larger consistence than the other sums. The accumulation models considering ETr values of 746 mm, 762 mm, and 799 mm and GDgdcorr (base temperature of 10.5°C) values of 2733 GDD, 2816 GDD and 3008 GDD respectively for Mundo Novo, Catuaí, and Obatã IAC 1669-20 cultivars, can be considered more consistent parameter for flowering-maturation phase estimation. The parametrized models were tested with independent years, and presented good estimates. The results confirm the need of the water availability factor to be considered for the quantification of the required thermal sums. Source

Rocha A.B.O.,IAC APTA | Lourencao A.L.,IAC APTA | Filho H.S.M.,IAC APTA | Hayashi P.C.R.,Empresa Agropommet | Ramos V.J.,APTA Regional Sudoeste Paulista
Horticultura Brasileira

The resistance of 30 potato genotypes to B. tabaci (Genn.) biotype B (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) was evaluated in three greenhouse experiments. In the first experiment we evaluated the attractiveness, the preference for oviposition and the trichome density in a free-choice test in randomized blocks design with 30 treatments and three replications. In other experiment, no-choice preference for oviposition was evaluated (randomized blocks, nine treatments and five replications). The whitefly egg-adult cycle was monitored using a statistical design in randomized blocks with five replications. In the free-choice test, the genotypes NYL 235-4 and MAC 2 were the most attractive to adults, whereas HPC 5B and BAP 82 presented the lowest number of adults. The genotypes HPC 6R, BACH 4, clone APTA 2135, HPC 9B, BAP 82, 'Baraka' and HPC 5B presented the lowest number of eggs. Clone NYL 235-4 had the greatest number of simple (ST) and glandular (GT) trichomes, whereas clone CH 2 had the lowest number of ST, and HPC 5B, 'Radosa', 'Cupido', 'Caesar', 'Saginaw Gold', BACH 3 and HPC 1B of GT. There was significant correlation between adult attractiveness and oviposition preference. In the no-choice test, only the genotypes BACH 4, HPC 9B, 'Baraka and 'Achat' remained resistant. Consequently, for these four genotypes non-preference is the oviposition resistance mechanism. The egg adult cycle varied from 34.4 to 36.6 days. For the adult emergence, genotypes BAP 82, 'Baraka' and BACH 4 showed the lowest number of adults emerged, suggesting the presence of antibiosis. Genotypes BAP82, 'Baraka' and BACH 4 were resistant to B. tabaci biotype B. Source

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