Berg M.,KTH Royal Institute of Technology |
Lee J.,Hyundai Steel |
Sichen D.,KTH Royal Institute of Technology
Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B: Process Metallurgy and Materials Processing Science | Year: 2017
The solubility of calcium in liquid iron at 1823 K and 1873 K (1550 °C and 1600 °C) as a function of calcium potential was studied experimentally. The measurements were performed using a closed molybdenum holder in which liquid calcium and liquid iron were held at different temperatures. The results indicate a linear relationship between the activity of calcium, relative to pure liquid calcium, and the mole fraction of dissolved calcium in liquid iron, with a negligible temperature dependency in the ranges studied. The activity coefficient of calcium in liquid iron at infinite dilution, (Formula presented.) was calculated as 1551. © 2017 The Author(s)
News Article | November 10, 2016
This report studies sales (consumption) of Steel Scrap in Europe market, especially in Germany, UK, France, Russia, Italy, Benelux and Spain, focuses on top players in these countries, with sales, price, revenue and market share for each player in these Countries, covering ArcelorMittal AnSteel Scrap Group Anyang Steel Scrap BaoSteel Scrap Group Baotou Steel Scrap Benxi Steel Scrap CSC Evraz Group Fangda Steel Scrap Gerdau Hebei Steel Scrap Group Hyundai Steel Scrap IMIDRO JFE Jianlong Group Jingye Steel Scrap Jiuquan Steel Scrap JSW Maanshan Steel Scrap Metinvest MMK NSSMC View Full Report With Complete TOC, List Of Figure and Table: http://globalqyresearch.com/europe-steel-scrap-market-report-2016 Market Segment by Countries, this report splits Europe into several key Countries, with sales (consumption), revenue, market share and growth rate of Steel Scrap in these countries, from 2011 to 2021 (forecast), like Germany France UK Russia Italy Spain Benelux Split by product type, with sales, revenue, price, market share and growth rate of each type, can be divided into Flat Steel Scrap Long Steel Scrap Tubular Steel Scrap Split by application, this report focuses on sales, market share and growth rate of Steel Scrap in each application, can be divided into Construction Shipping Energy Packaging Consumer appliances industry Housing Automotive Others Europe Steel Scrap Market Report 2016 1 Steel Scrap Overview 1.1 Product Overview and Scope of Steel Scrap 1.2 Classification of Steel Scrap 1.2.1 Flat Steel Scrap 1.2.2 Long Steel Scrap 1.2.3 Tubular Steel Scrap 1.3 Application of Steel Scrap 1.3.1 Construction 1.3.2 Shipping 1.3.3 Energy 1.3.4 Packaging 1.3.5 Consumer appliances industry 1.3.6 Housing 1.3.7 Automotive Others 1.4 Steel Scrap Market by Countries 1.4.1 Germany Status and Prospect (2011-2021) 1.4.2 France Status and Prospect (2011-2021) 1.4.3 UK Status and Prospect (2011-2021) 1.4.4 Russia Status and Prospect (2011-2021) 1.4.5 Italy Status and Prospect (2011-2021) 1.4.6 Spain Status and Prospect (2011-2021) 1.4.7 Benelux Status and Prospect (2011-2021) 1.5 Europe Market Size (Value and Volume) of Steel Scrap (2011-2021) 1.5.1 Europe Steel Scrap Sales and Growth Rate (2011-2021) 1.5.2 Europe Steel Scrap Revenue and Growth Rate (2011-2021) 10 Europe Steel Scrap Manufacturers Analysis 10.1 ArcelorMittal 10.1.1 Company Basic Information, Manufacturing Base and Competitors 10.1.2 Steel Scrap Product Type, Application and Specification 10.1.2.1 Type I 10.1.2.2 Type II 10.1.3 ArcelorMittal Steel Scrap Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016) 10.1.4 Main Business/Business Overview 10.2 AnSteel Scrap Group 10.2.1 Company Basic Information, Manufacturing Base and Competitors 10.2.2 Steel Scrap Product Type, Application and Specification 10.2.2.1 Type I 10.2.2.2 Type II 10.2.3 AnSteel Scrap Group Steel Scrap Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016) 10.2.4 Main Business/Business Overview 10.3 Anyang Steel Scrap 10.3.1 Company Basic Information, Manufacturing Base and Competitors 10.3.2 Steel Scrap Product Type, Application and Specification 10.3.2.1 Type I 10.3.2.2 Type II 10.3.3 Anyang Steel Scrap Steel Scrap Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016) 10.3.4 Main Business/Business Overview 10.4 BaoSteel Scrap Group 10.4.1 Company Basic Information, Manufacturing Base and Competitors 10.4.2 Steel Scrap Product Type, Application and Specification 10.4.2.1 Type I 10.4.2.2 Type II 10.4.3 BaoSteel Scrap Group Steel Scrap Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016) 10.4.4 Main Business/Business Overview 10.5 Baotou Steel Scrap 10.5.1 Company Basic Information, Manufacturing Base and Competitors 10.5.2 Steel Scrap Product Type, Application and Specification 10.5.2.1 Type I 10.5.2.2 Type II 10.5.3 Baotou Steel Scrap Steel Scrap Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016) 10.5.4 Main Business/Business Overview 10.6 Benxi Steel Scrap 10.6.1 Company Basic Information, Manufacturing Base and Competitors 10.6.2 Steel Scrap Product Type, Application and Specification 10.6.2.1 Type I 10.6.2.2 Type II 10.6.3 Benxi Steel Scrap Steel Scrap Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016) 10.6.4 Main Business/Business Overview 10.7 CSC 10.7.1 Company Basic Information, Manufacturing Base and Competitors 10.7.2 Steel Scrap Product Type, Application and Specification 10.7.2.1 Type I 10.7.2.2 Type II 10.7.3 CSC Steel Scrap Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016) 10.7.4 Main Business/Business Overview 10.8 Evraz Group 10.8.1 Company Basic Information, Manufacturing Base and Competitors 10.8.2 Steel Scrap Product Type, Application and Specification 10.8.2.1 Type I 10.8.2.2 Type II 10.8.3 Evraz Group Steel Scrap Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016) 10.8.4 Main Business/Business Overview 10.9 Fangda Steel Scrap 10.9.1 Company Basic Information, Manufacturing Base and Competitors 10.9.2 Steel Scrap Product Type, Application and Specification 10.9.2.1 Type I 10.9.2.2 Type II 10.9.3 Fangda Steel Scrap Steel Scrap Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016) 10.9.4 Main Business/Business Overview 10.10 Gerdau 10.10.1 Company Basic Information, Manufacturing Base and Competitors 10.10.2 Steel Scrap Product Type, Application and Specification 10.10.2.1 Type I 10.10.2.2 Type II 10.10.3 Gerdau Steel Scrap Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2011-2016) 10.10.4 Main Business/Business Overview 10.11 Hebei Steel Scrap Group 10.12 Hyundai Steel Scrap 10.13 IMIDRO 10.14 JFE 10.15 Jianlong Group 10.16 Jingye Steel Scrap 10.17 Jiuquan Steel Scrap 10.18 JSW 10.19 Maanshan Steel Scrap 10.20 Metinvest 10.21 MMK 10.22 NSSMC Global QYResearch ( http://globalqyresearch.com/ ) is the one spot destination for all your research needs. Global QYResearch holds the repository of quality research reports from numerous publishers across the globe. Our inventory of research reports caters to various industry verticals including Healthcare, Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Technology and Media, Chemicals, Materials, Energy, Heavy Industry, etc. With the complete information about the publishers and the industries they cater to for developing market research reports, we help our clients in making purchase decision by understanding their requirements and suggesting best possible collection matching their needs.
News Article | February 17, 2017
— This report studies sales (consumption) of IF Steel in United States market, focuses on the top players, with sales, price, revenue and market share for each player, covering Nippon Steel & Sumitomo Metal POSCO ArcelorMittal Baosteel Group ThyssenKrupp JFE Nucor Corporation United States Steel Corporation Gerdau Hyundai Steel For more information or any query mail at email@example.com Split by product types, with sales, revenue, price, market share and growth rate of each type, can be divided into Soft Steel High Strength Deep Drawing Steel Split by applications, this report focuses on sales, market share and growth rate of IF Steel in each application, can be divided into Automobile Manufacturing Other United States IF Steel Market Report 2017 1 IF Steel Overview 1.1 Product Overview and Scope of IF Steel 1.2 Classification of IF Steel 1.2.1 Soft Steel 1.2.2 High Strength Deep Drawing Steel 1.3 Application of IF Steel 1.3.1 Automobile Manufacturing 1.3.2 Other 1.4 United States Market Size Sales (Volume) and Revenue (Value) of IF Steel (2012-2022) 1.4.1 United States IF Steel Sales and Growth Rate (2012-2022) 1.4.2 United States IF Steel Revenue and Growth Rate (2012-2022) 2 United States IF Steel Competition by Manufacturers 2.1 United States IF Steel Sales and Market Share of Key Manufacturers (2015 and 2016) 2.2 United States IF Steel Revenue and Share by Manufactures (2015 and 2016) 2.3 United States IF Steel Average Price by Manufactures (2015 and 2016) 2.4 IF Steel Market Competitive Situation and Trends 2.4.1 IF Steel Market Concentration Rate 2.4.2 IF Steel Market Share of Top 3 and Top 5 Manufacturers 2.4.3 Mergers & Acquisitions, Expansion 6 United States IF Steel Manufacturers Profiles/Analysis 6.1 Nippon Steel & Sumitomo Metal 6.1.1 Company Basic Information, Manufacturing Base and Competitors 6.1.2 IF Steel Product Type, Application and Specification 220.127.116.11 Product A 18.104.22.168 Product B 6.1.3 Nippon Steel & Sumitomo Metal IF Steel Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2012-2017) 6.1.4 Main Business/Business Overview 6.2 POSCO 6.2.2 IF Steel Product Type, Application and Specification 22.214.171.124 Product A 126.96.36.199 Product B 6.2.3 POSCO IF Steel Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2012-2017) 6.2.4 Main Business/Business Overview 6.3 ArcelorMittal 6.3.2 IF Steel Product Type, Application and Specification 188.8.131.52 Product A 184.108.40.206 Product B 6.3.3 ArcelorMittal IF Steel Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2012-2017) 6.3.4 Main Business/Business Overview 6.4 Baosteel Group 6.4.2 IF Steel Product Type, Application and Specification 220.127.116.11 Product A 18.104.22.168 Product B 6.4.3 Baosteel Group IF Steel Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2012-2017) 6.4.4 Main Business/Business Overview 6.5 ThyssenKrupp 6.5.2 IF Steel Product Type, Application and Specification 22.214.171.124 Product A 126.96.36.199 Product B 6.5.3 ThyssenKrupp IF Steel Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2012-2017) 6.5.4 Main Business/Business Overview 6.6 JFE 6.6.2 IF Steel Product Type, Application and Specification 188.8.131.52 Product A 184.108.40.206 Product B 6.6.3 JFE IF Steel Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2012-2017) 6.6.4 Main Business/Business Overview 6.7 Nucor Corporation 6.7.2 IF Steel Product Type, Application and Specification 220.127.116.11 Product A 18.104.22.168 Product B 6.7.3 Nucor Corporation IF Steel Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2012-2017) 6.7.4 Main Business/Business Overview 6.8 United States Steel Corporation 6.8.2 IF Steel Product Type, Application and Specification 22.214.171.124 Product A 126.96.36.199 Product B 6.8.3 United States Steel Corporation IF Steel Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2012-2017) 6.8.4 Main Business/Business Overview 6.9 Gerdau 6.9.2 IF Steel Product Type, Application and Specification 188.8.131.52 Product A 184.108.40.206 Product B 6.9.3 Gerdau IF Steel Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2012-2017) 6.9.4 Main Business/Business Overview 6.10 Hyundai Steel 6.10.2 IF Steel Product Type, Application and Specification 220.127.116.11 Product A 18.104.22.168 Product B 6.10.3 Hyundai Steel IF Steel Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2012-2017) 6.10.4 Main Business/Business Overview For more information or any query mail at firstname.lastname@example.org ABOUT US: Wise Guy Reports is part of the Wise Guy Consultants Pvt. Ltd. and offers premium progressive statistical surveying, market research reports, analysis & forecast data for industries and governments around the globe. Wise Guy Reports features an exhaustive list of market research reports from hundreds of publishers worldwide. We boast a database spanning virtually every market category and an even more comprehensive collection of rmaket research reports under these categories and sub-categories. For more information, please visit https://www.wiseguyreports.com
Kim S.-B.,Naeun Structural Engineering Co. |
Kim S.-S.,Korea University of Technology and Education |
Shim H.-J.,Hyundai Steel
International Journal of Steel Structures | Year: 2014
Since Euler's classical theory, which he proposed in 1759, many column curve formulations have been proposed. This study investigates the flexural buckling strength (F cr ) calculated using the allowable stress design specification and the load and resistance factor design (LRFD) specification of the American Institute of Steel Construction. It is noted that the exponential function of the column curve formulation using LRFD is difficult to use in practice. Therefore, a simple parabolic function is proposed for the inelastic buckling strength of a steel column loaded with uniaxial compression, and it is shown to be consistent with many design codes. The expressions for inelastic buckling strength formulation as defined previously for ASD are used here. To verify the proposed equation, 118 individual test results of steel columns are examined. The mean of the ratio of the column strength to the proposed flexural buckling strength is 1.089, indicating that the proposed strength curves are in good agreement with the test results. © 2014 Korean Society of Steel Construction and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.
News Article | December 16, 2016
— Flat Steel refers to the sheet, coils or other flat-rolled steel product. Rapid growth in the construction & infrastructure sector is the key factor for the flat steel market. It not only reduced the cost of the construction but also reduced the maintenance cost of the building. Additionally, transportation sector & renewable energy sectors are also growing significantly which is another key driver for the flat steel market. On the basis of region, Asia-Pacific is the largest market by value. The flat steel market size was valued at around USD 380 Billion in 2016 and is expected to grow at CAGR of approximately 6% by 2022. The key players of Insulation Products Market report include- United Steel Corporation, Nippon Steel & Sumitomo Metal Corporation, Essar Steel, Tata Steel Ltd, Hyundai Steel Co., POSCO, SSAB, ArcelorMittal, Voestalpine, and ThyssenKrupp. This study provides an overview of the Insulation Products market, tracking two market segments across four geographic regions. The report studies key players, providing a five-year annual trend analysis that highlights market size, volume and share for North America, Europe, Asia Pacific, and Rest of the World. The report also provides a forecast, focusing on the market opportunities for the next five years for each region. The scope of the study segments the Insulation Products market as Product Types, and End Users. Taste the market data and market information presented through more than 85 market data tables and figures spread in 140 numbers of pages of the project report. Avail the in-depth table of content TOC & market synopsis on “Flat steels Market Information from 2014 to 2022" Asia-Pacific region is the largest market for flat steel, followed by Europe. In developing countries especially like China, India, and Japan, the construction & infrastructure sectors are growing rapidly which promotes the flat steel market. This region is expected to grow at a highest rate during the forecasted period. At Market Research Future (MRFR), we enable our customers to unravel the complexity of various industries through our Cooked Research Report (CRR), Half-Cooked Research Reports (HCRR), Raw Research Reports (3R), Continuous-Feed Research (CFR), and Market Research & Consulting Services. For more information, please visit https://www.marketresearchfuture.com/reports/global-flat-steel-market-research-report-forecast-to-2022
News Article | December 7, 2016
The report "Flat Steel Market by Type (Sheets & Strips, Plates), End User (Building & Infrastructure, Automotive & Other Transport, Mechanical Equipment), and Region (Asia-Pacific, Europe, North America, Middle East & Africa, South America) - Global Forecast to 2026", published by MarketsandMarkets, the market is projected to reach USD 757.15 Billion by 2026, at a CAGR of 6.7% from 2016 to 2026. Browse 124 market data Tables and 57 Figures spread through 202 Pages and in-depth TOC on "Flat Steel Market" Early buyers will receive 10% customization on this report. Growth in the construction as well as the automotive industries has largely contributed to the increasing demand for flat steel across the globe. Among end users, the building & infrastructure segment projected to lead the flat steel market between 2016 and 2026. The building & infrastructure end user segment is leading the flat steel market in 2016, owing to extensive use of flat steel in the construction of buildings, railway tracks, roads, bridges, factories, and other engineering structures. Flat steel is used in the building & infrastructure sector as it offers design flexibility, high strength, and increased durability. It not only lowers construction costs, but also reduces long-term maintenance costs of buildings. Flat steel is used for developing infrastructure of the energy sector. It is used in oil & gas, nuclear, solar, wind, and hydro energy plants. The sheets & strips type segment is projected to lead the flat steel market between 2016 and 2026. The sheets & strips type segment is leading the flat steel market in 2016, owing to increasing use of flat steel sheets & strips in packaging applications as well in the manufacturing of home appliances. The sheets & strips made of flat steel are also used in the electronics industry. Moreover, flat steel sheets & films are also favorable for domestic usage as well as light applications, such as for manufacturing structures of domestic appliances. They are extensively used in varied applications for manufacturing door & window hoods, wall ornaments, refrigerators, steel drums, steel furniture, dry batteries, automobiles, washing machines, gutters, downspouts, and roof ornaments, among others. The Asia-Pacific region is projected to lead the flat steel market during the forecast period. The Asia-Pacific region is estimated to account for the largest share of the Flat Steel Market in 2016, followed by the European and North American regions. China is one of the major consumers of flat steel in the Asia-Pacific region. The Asia-Pacific flat steel market is witnessing growth due to increasing demand for flat steel from various end-use industries in emerging economies, such as China, India, and South Korea. The India flat steel market is projected to grow at the highest CAGR during the forecast period due to the growth of the country's economy, rise in urban population, and development of varied industries, such as construction and automotive, among others in the country. ArcelorMittal (Luxembourg), POSCO (South Korea), Voestalpine AG (Austria), Essar Steel (India), ThyssenKrupp (Germany), United States Steel Corporation (U.S.), Nippon Steel & Sumitomo Metal Corporation (Japan), Allegheny Technologies Inc. (U.S.), SSAB (Sweden), Hyundai Steel Co., Limited (South Korea), Tata Steel Limited (India), and SAIL (India), among others are the key players operating in the flat steel market. Browse Related Reports: High Strength Steel Market by Type (High Strength Low Alloy Steels, Dual Phase Steels, Bake Hardenable Steels, Carbon Manganese Steels, and Others), by End User (Automotive, Construction, and Others), by Region - Global Forecast to 2021 http://www.marketsandmarkets.com/Market-Reports/high-strength-steel-market-4627428.html Coated Steel Market by Resin Type (Polyester, Fluoropolymer, Siliconized Polyester, Plastisol, and Others), by Application (Building & Construction, Appliances, Automotive, and Others) - Global Forecast to 2020 http://www.marketsandmarkets.com/Market-Reports/coated-steel-market-173368855.html MarketsandMarkets is the largest market research firm worldwide in terms of annually published premium market research reports. Serving 1700 global fortune enterprises with more than 1200 premium studies in a year, M&M is catering to a multitude of clients across 8 different industrial verticals. We specialize in consulting assignments and business research across high growth markets, cutting edge technologies and newer applications. Our 850 fulltime analyst and SMEs at MarketsandMarkets are tracking global high growth markets following the "Growth Engagement Model - GEM". The GEM aims at proactive collaboration with the clients to identify new opportunities, identify most important customers, write "Attack, avoid and defend" strategies, identify sources of incremental revenues for both the company and its competitors. M&M's flagship competitive intelligence and market research platform, "RT" connects over 200,000 markets and entire value chains for deeper understanding of the unmet insights along with market sizing and forecasts of niche markets. The new included chapters on Methodology and Benchmarking presented with high quality analytical infographics in our reports gives complete visibility of how the numbers have been arrived and defend the accuracy of the numbers. We at MarketsandMarkets are inspired to help our clients grow by providing apt business insight with our huge market intelligence repository. Visit MarketsandMarkets Blog @ http://www.marketsandmarketsblog.com/market-reports/chemical Connect with us on LinkedIn @ http://www.linkedin.com/company/marketsandmarkets
News Article | December 7, 2016
— Increasing urban population, rapid industrialization, and increase in infrastructure investments are driving the demand for flat steel products. However, a volatile price of raw materials is expected to restrict market growth. Plates are widely used for heavy and industrial activities such as construction of buildings, bridges, dams, ships, offshore structures, hydro power stations, storage tanks, boilers, pressure vessels, and machinery. Growing investments in building & infrastructure in emerging economies is expected to propel market growth for the plate segment of the flat steel market. In addition, introduction of high strength steel plate grades has increased the use of steel plates in the automotive sector. Complete report on global deep learning market spread across 202 pages, profiling 28 companies and supported with 124 tables and 57 figures is now available at http://www.rnrmarketresearch.com/flat-steel-market-by-type-sheets-strips-plates-end-user-building-infrastructure-automotive-other-transport-mechanical-equipment-and-region-asia-pacific-europe-north-america-middle-east-africa-s-st-to-2026-market-report.html . The Asia-Pacific flat steel market is anticipated to grow at the highest CAGR between 2016 and 2026. Growth of this market can be attributed to the increasing demand for flat steel from China and India. China, with growth in construction and automotive industries, is a major consumer of flat steel in the Asia-Pacific region. The India flat steel market is expected to grow at the highest CAGR during the forecast period. • By Designation: C Level –45%, Director Level –23%, and Others –32% Major companies profiled in this report are Arcelor Mittal (Luxembourg), POSCO (South Korea), Voestalpine AG (Austria), Essar Steel (India), ThyssenKrupp (Germany), United States Steel Corporation (U.S.), Nippon Steel & Sumitomo Metal Corporation (Japan), Allegheny Technologies Inc. (U.S.), SSAB (Sweden), Hyundai Steel Co., Limited (South Korea), Tata Steel Limited (India), SAIL (India), and Essar Steel (India). Order a copy of Flat Steel Market by Type (Sheets & Strips, Plates), End User (Building & Infrastructure, Automotive & Other Transport, Mechanical Equipment), and Region (Asia-Pacific, Europe, North America, Middle East & Africa, South America) - Global Forecast to 2026 research report at http://www.rnrmarketresearch.com/contacts/purchase?rname=783557 . This report offers an overview of market trends, drivers, and challenges with respect to the flat steel market. It also provides a detailed overview of the market across five regions, namely, Asia-Pacific, Europe, North America, Middle East & Africa, and Latin America. The report categorizes the flat steel market on the basis of type, end user, and region. A detailed analysis of leading players, along with key growth strategies adopted by them is also covered in the report. Inquiry Before Buying on this Report at http://www.rnrmarketresearch.com/contacts/inquire-before-buying?rname=783557 . RnRMarketResearch.com is your single source for all market research needs. Our database includes 500,000+ market research reports from over 100+ leading global publishers & in-depth market research studies of over 5000 micro markets. For more information, please visit http://www.rnrmarketresearch.com
News Article | November 16, 2016
WiseGuyReports.Com Publish a New Market Research Report On – “Steel Industry Global Production,Growth,Share,Demand and Applications Market Research Report to 2020”. Overview of the steel industry The research analyst predicts the global steel industry to grow steadily at a CAGR of around 2%, in terms of consumption volume, during the forecast period. The growth of end-user industries such as automotive, mechanical machinery, and infrastructure and construction is fueling the demand for steel. The infrastructure and construction sector, which accounts for more than 52% of the world's steel consumption, is expected to grow at a rate of around 8% by the end of 2020. The rapid growth of developing economies such as India is also expected to contribute to the market growth during the forecast period. Around 63% of the demand in India is catered by the coal-intensive blast furnaces. The Indian government has banned iron ore, to fight against illegal mining, which is expected to reduce the domestic supply. For more information or any query mail at [email protected] Segmentation by type and analysis of the steel industry Alloy steel contains metals such as silicon, manganese, copper, aluminum, titanium, chromium, and nickel in varying proportions in order to manipulate the steel's properties. This type of steel is used in electric motors, transformers, power generators, pipelines, and auto parts. Segmentation by end users and analysis of the steel industry • Infrastructure and construction • Mechanical machinery • Automotive industry • Others (electrical equipment, domestic appliances, and transportation) Infrastructure and construction contributed 52% of the global market revenue during 2014 and is expected to retain its market leadership until the end of 2019. Steel-intensive infrastructure such as roads, rail, ports, airports, and power sector is driving the growth of the steel industry in this segment. Geographical segmentation and analysis of the steel industry • Americas • APAC • EMEA APAC accounted for 70% of the market share during 2014 and is expected to grow at a CAGR of 3% during the forecast period. China, Japan, and India are the market leaders in this region. The increased infrastructure spending in the emerging economies is driving the market growth of this region. Competitive landscape and key vendors The global steel market is highly fragmented with the presence of numerous global and regional vendors. The competition among vendors is intense, resulting in lower steel prices and reduced profit margins. The leading vendors in the market are - • ArcelorMittal • Ansteel • Baosteel • Hebei Iron and Steel • Jiangsu Shagang • Nippon Steel & Sumitomo Metal • POSCO Other prominent vendors in the market include Anyang Steel, Evraz, Geradau, Hyundai Steel, JFE Steel, Maanshan Iron and Steel, Nucor, RIVA, Shandong Iron and Steel, Shougang Group, Tata Steel, United State Steel, and Wuhan Iron and Steel. Key questions answered in the report include • What will the market size and the growth rate be in 2019? • What are the key factors driving the global steel industry? • What are the key market trends impacting the growth of the steel industry? • What are the challenges to market growth? • Who are the key vendors in this market space? • What are the market opportunities and threats faced by the vendors in the global steel industry? • Trending factors influencing the market shares of the Americas, APAC, and EMEA? • What are the key outcomes of the five forces analysis of the steel industry? PART 04: Introduction • Key market highlights • Overview of social media • Importance of social media advertising • Current scenario in social media advertising market • Future prospects in social media advertising PART 06: Market segmentation by device • Global social network ad spending market by device • Global social network ad spending market based on desktop computers 2015-2020 • Global social network ad spending market based on mobile devices 2015-2020 ($ billions) PART 07: Market segmentation by countries • Social network ad spending market in major countries 2015 • Social network ad spending market in the US • Social network ad spending market in China • Social network ad spending market in the UK 2015-2020 • Social network ad spending market in Japan • Social network ad spending market in South Korea For more information or any query mail at [email protected] Wise Guy Reports is part of the Wise Guy Consultants Pvt. Ltd. and offers premium progressive statistical surveying, market research reports, analysis & forecast data for industries and governments around the globe. Wise Guy Reports features an exhaustive list of market research reports from hundreds of publishers worldwide. We boast a database spanning virtually every market category and an even more comprehensive collection of market research reports under these categories and sub-categories.
Jung J.,Korea University |
Lee J.,Korea University |
Lee H.,Hyundai Steel |
Ki J.,Hyundai Steel |
Hwang J.,Hyundai Steel
Journal of Korean Institute of Metals and Materials | Year: 2012
Water model experiments were carried out to understand the mixing behavior of reducing agents in molten slag through vortex stirrer, which makes use of a gravitational energy to mix reducing agent in the molten slag without imparting artificial energy. At a water flow rate of 6 L/min vortex was not generated, and a stable vortex was formed when the water flow rate was 7 L/min or higher with the present experimental apparatus. Water level increased linearly with increasing the water flow rate. In the upper vortex region, the vertical and horizontal velocities slightly decreased with increasing the water flow rate, whereas those in the lower vortex region increased remarkably. Accordingly, strong mixing behavior was obtained in the lower vortex region. Owing to the strong centrifugal force, particles move downwards with approaching the funnel wall. When 40 grams of polypropylene particles added to the lower vortex, they were instantaneously mixed well.
Sohn K.,Hyundai Steel |
Jeon J.,Hyundai Steel
SAE Technical Papers | Year: 2013
Automakers are putting ever more emphasis on their environmental and energy efficiency efforts through improving the fuel consumption of vehicles. One way of saving energy is to reduce the total weight of the vehicle by using high strength steel. Hyundai steel developed a new 780 MPa grade of hot rolled high strength steel with excellent stretch flange formability in which the ferrite matrix is strengthened by ultra-fine, nano-sized precipitates. The material developed in our study met the material requirement of OEM's material specification with 780 MPa tensile strength and 55% hole extension ratio. Steel grades of 780 MPa were applied to develop front lower control arm for automotive chassis. In order to evaluate the performance of materials, primary design, durability and strength analysis of materials were prepared in collaboration with suppliers. Prototype of front lower control arm was fabricated and durability test and strength test were performed. Both of them satisfied the target. Copyright © 2013 SAE International.