Hyperion Biotechnology Inc.

San Antonio, TX, United States

Hyperion Biotechnology Inc.

San Antonio, TX, United States
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Michael D.J.,Hyperion Biotechnology Inc. | Daugherty S.,Hyperion Biotechnology Inc. | Santos A.,Hyperion Biotechnology Inc. | Ruby B.C.,University of Montana | Kalns J.E.,Hyperion Biotechnology Inc.
Accident Analysis and Prevention | Year: 2012

Fatigue changed the composition of the small-molecular weight (sMW) proteome of saliva during a 10 h session of moderate (70% of maximum ventilatory threshold) physical exertion. Saliva samples were collected from nine recreationally trained cyclists participating in a cross-over study designed to simulate prolonged manual labor, a military operation or wildfire-suppression work. During each hour of the study, participants performed an exercise program that included upper and lower body exercises separated by short periods of recovery. Over the course of the study, fatigue level increased as suggested by a significant increase in the participants' relative perceived exertion. The composition of the sMW proteome was investigated using reversed-phase liquid chromatography with mass-spectrometric detection. Isotopes of acetic anhydride were used for mass-specific labeling of samples and subsequent identification of ions with significant changes in intensity. Cluster analysis was used to identify a pair of peptides with concentrations that changed in opposite directions with fatigue level, i.e. concentration of one peptide increased while concentration of the other decreased. The sequences of the two peptides were determined by high-resolution mass spectrometry. The ratio of the ion intensities of these two peptides, referred to as the fatigue biomarker index, was calculated for subjects throughout the study. The FBI values from the start of the study likely arose from a different distribution than the FBI values measured at the end of the study (Mann-Whitney test, P <.05). While this study is restricted to a small population of recreationally trained cyclists performing exercise under controlled conditions, it holds promise for the development of an objective salivary measurement of fatigue that is applicable to a much broader population performing in uncontrolled environments. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


Kalns J.,Hyperion Biotechnology Inc. | Cox J.,Hyperion Biotechnology Inc. | Baskin J.,Hyperion Biotechnology Inc. | Santos A.,Hyperion Biotechnology Inc. | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Surgical Research | Year: 2011

Background: Extremity compartment syndrome occurs when swelling develops within a muscle compartment to such an extent that the microvasculature is compressed and tissue perfusion is compromised. Untreated, this condition can result in widespread tissue destruction and loss of the affected limb. Methods: Swine were subjected to diffuse muscle compression injury using a balloon catheter inserted between the anterior muscle compartment of the hind limb and the anterior face of the tibia. Balloons were inflated with saline to produce a sustained intramuscular pressure (IMP) of approximately 30 mmHg greater than mean arterial pressure. Following injury the IMP was monitored for up to 8 h. At the end of the monitoring period, the tibialis anterior muscle was collected and examined for injury. Results: One animal receiving 6 h injury dislodged the implanted pressure transducers and was dropped from the data analysis. In all other limbs (n = 8) receiving 6 h injury, significant spontaneous increases in IMP were observed following injury. The tibialis anterior in all of the 6 h injury limbs also showed extensive tissue damage. In the limbs injured for 5 h (n = 10), only three showed a significant increase in IMP. The magnitude and duration of this increase closely resembled that seen following 6 h injury. Tissue damage was reduced in comparison with 6 h injury. Conclusions: The injury technique described here provides a potential useful threshold model for studying extremity compartment syndrome and the influence of related factors on the progression of this condition. © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


Suliman H.S.,Hyperion Biotechnology Inc. | Fecura S.E.,U.S. Air force | Baskin J.,Hyperion Biotechnology Inc. | Kalns J.E.,Hyperion Biotechnology Inc.
Military Medicine | Year: 2011

Heat and moisture exchangers (HMEs) are used for airway humidification in mechanically ventilated patients and have been evaluated only under hospital conditions. U.S. Air Force aeromedical evacuation transports are performed under rugged conditions further complicated by the cold and dry environment in military aircrafts, and HMEs are used to provide airway humidification for patients. This study evaluated 10 commercial HMEs using a test system that simulated aeromedical evacuation conditions. Although the American National Standards Institute recommends inspired air to be at an absolute humidity value of ≥30 mg/L for mechanically ventilated patients, the highest absolute humidity by any HME was ~20 mg/L. Although none of the HMEs were able to maintain a temperature high enough to achieve the humidity standard of the American National Standards Institute, the clinical significance of this standard may be less important than the relative humidity maintained in the respired air, especially on evacuation flights of short duration.


Fogt D.L.,University of Texas at San Antonio | Kalns J.E.,Hyperion Biotechnology Inc. | Michael D.J.,Hyperion Biotechnology Inc.
Military Medicine | Year: 2010

Fatigue is known to impair cognitive performance, but it remains unclear whether concurrent common stressors affect cognitive performance similarly. We used the Stroop Color-Word Conflict Test to assess cognitive performance over 24 hours for four groups: control, sleep-deprived (SD), SD + energy deficit, and SD + energy deficit + fluid restricted. Fatigue levels were quantified using the Profile of Mood States (POMS) survey. Linear mixed-effects (LME) models allowed for testing of group-specific differences in cognitive performance while accounting for subjectlevel variation. Starting fatigue levels were similar among all groups, while 24-hour fatigue levels differed significantly. For each cognitive performance test, results were modeled separately. The simplest LME model contained a significant fixed-effects term for slope and intercept. Moreover, the simplest LME model used a single slope coefficient to fit data from all four groups, suggesting that loss in cognitive performance over a 24-hour duty cycle with respect to fatigue level is similar regardless of the cause. Copyright © Association of Military Surgeons of the US. All rights reserved.


Shandley S.,Hyperion Biotechnology Inc. | Matthews K.P.,Hyperion Biotechnology Inc. | Cox J.,Hyperion Biotechnology Inc. | Romano D.,Hyperion Biotechnology Inc. | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Orthopaedic Research | Year: 2012

Implant associated osteomyelitis (OM) is difficult to treat with antibiotics, and outcomes remain poor. Some reports suggest that hyperbaric oxygen treatment is a safe and effective means of treating OM. We tested this hypothesis in a murine model. Clinical isolates of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Klebsiella pneumoniae were used. The mice were infected with each of the three pathogens, treated with 100% oxygen at high pressure, hyperbaric oxygen (HBO), and monitored for the ability of HBO to prevent and/or clear the OM infection. Assessments included bacterial burden of the tibias and lesion scores, as well as receptor activator of NF-κB ligand (RANKL) and myeloperoxidase (MPO) concentrations. HBO resulted in more severe lesion scores and higher RANKL and MPO concentrations for MRSA. A significant positive correlation was found between RANKL concentration and lesion score. No significant difference was found with HBO in P. aeruginosa infections and K. pneumoniae seems to either not infect bone well or get cleared before establishing an infection. The model is useful for studying OM infections caused by MRSA and P. aeruginosa, but HBO does not appear to be an efficacious treatment of an implant-associated OM infection. © 2011 Orthopaedic Research Society Published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc.


Cox J.M.,Hyperion Biotechnology Inc. | Kalns J.E.,Hyperion Biotechnology Inc.
Comparative Medicine | Year: 2010

The aim of this study was to develop and characterize a rodent model of liver trauma suitable for preclinical evaluation of new treatments and diagnostic technologies. Liver trauma was created by dropping a steel cylinder through a plastic tube onto the abdomen of supine, anesthetized rats. Internal hemorrhage in the absence of liver trauma was simulated by instilling fresh blood into the peritoneum. Platelet counts were elevated significantly after liver trauma but not simulated hemorrhage. Liver trauma and simulated internal hemorrhage both increased blood levels of the factor growth-regulated oncogene-Kupffer cell. Transcription of plasminogen activator inhibitor 1, heat shock protein 70, and suppressor of cytokine syntheses 3 was increased 77-, 22-, and 27-fold, respectively, 2 h after liver trauma but was unaltered by simulated internal hemorrhage. Levels returned to pretrauma levels by 24 h after trauma. Transcript levels for hypoxia-inducible transcription factor 1α were increased 2.8-fold at 24 h but not 2 h after trauma and were not affected by simulated hemorrhage. Production of heat shock protein 70 and inducible nitric oxide synthase in liver was limited to a penumbra surrounding areas of necrosis associated with trauma. The rat model described produces lesions similar to those that occur in humans after blunt trauma. Copyright 2010 by the American Association for Laboratory Animal Science.


The present invention provides methods and compositions for identifying a subject in a fatigued state, a subject recovering from a fatigued state and/or a subject having an increased likelihood of performing a physical activity at a sufficient level by detecting and/or quantitating, in a sample from the subject, one or more biomarkers associated with fatigue and/or physical performance capability.


Patent
Hyperion Biotechnology Inc. | Date: 2015-02-02

The present invention provides methods and compositions for identifying fatigue, disease states associated with fatigue, recovery from fatigue and/or physical performance capability in a subject.


Patent
Hyperion Biotechnology Inc. | Date: 2013-03-15

The present invention provides methods and compositions for identifying fatigue, disease states associated with fatigue, recovery from fatigue and/or physical performance capability in a subject.


The present invention provides methods and compositions for identifying a subject in a fatigued state, a subject recovering from a fatigued state and/or a subject having an increased likelihood of performing a physical activity at a sufficient level by detecting and/or quantitating, in a sample from the subject, one or more biomarkers associated with fatigue and/or physical performance capability.

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