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Groß Schenkenberg, Germany

Schrag T.A.,University of Hohenheim | Mohring J.,University of Hohenheim | Melchinger A.E.,University of Hohenheim | Kusterer B.,HYBRO Saatzucht GmbH and Co. KG | And 3 more authors.
Theoretical and Applied Genetics | Year: 2010

The identification of superior hybrids is important for the success of a hybrid breeding program. However, field evaluation of all possible crosses among inbred lines requires extremely large resources. Therefore, efforts have been made to predict hybrid performance (HP) by using field data of related genotypes and molecular markers. In the present study, the main objective was to assess the usefulness of pedigree information in combination with the covariance between general combining ability (GCA) and per se performance of parental lines for HP prediction. In addition, we compared the prediction efficiency of AFLP and SSR marker data, estimated marker effects separately for reciprocal allelic configurations (among heterotic groups) of heterozygous marker loci in hybrids, and imputed missing AFLP marker data for marker-based HP prediction. Unbalanced field data of 400 maize dent × flint hybrids from 9 factorials and of 79 inbred parents were subjected to joint analyses with mixed linear models. The inbreds were genotyped with 910 AFLP and 256 SSR markers. Efficiency of prediction (R2) was estimated by cross-validation for hybrids having no or one parent evaluated in testcrosses. Best linear unbiased prediction of GCA and specific combining ability resulted in the highest efficiencies for HP prediction for both traits (R2 = 0.6-0.9), if pedigree and line per se data were used. However, without such data, HP for grain yield was more efficiently predicted using molecular markers. The additional modifications of the marker-based approaches had no clear effect. Our study showed the high potential of joint analyses of hybrids and parental inbred lines for the prediction of performance of untested hybrids. © Springer-Verlag 2009.

Hackauf B.,Julius Kuhn Institute | Korzun V.,KWS LOCHOW GMBH | Wortmann H.,HYBRO Saatzucht GmbH and Co. KG | Wilde P.,KWS LOCHOW GMBH | Wehling P.,Julius Kuhn Institute
Molecular Breeding | Year: 2012

Restoration of male fertility is a prerequisite for hybrid rye breeding and currently the most straightforward approach to minimize ergot infection in hybrid rye varieties. Molecular markers are important tools for the efficient introgression and management of restorer genes like Rfp1 originating from unadapted genetic resources. Furthermore, closely linked markers flanking Rfp1 are indispensible for identifying and selecting individuals with haplotypes showing recombination between Rfp1 and other gene(s) that reside in close proximity and have a negative influence on yield. We identified orthologous gene sets in rice, Brachypodium, and Sorghum and used these gene models as templates to establish conserved ortholog set (COS) markers for the restorer gene Rfp1 on the long arm of rye chromosome 4R. The novel co-dominant markers delimit Rfp1 within a 0. 7-cM interval and allow prediction of Rfp1 genotypes with a precision not feasible before. The COS markers enabled an alignment of the improved genetic map of rye chromosome 4R with wheat and barley maps and allowed identification of regions orthologous to Rfp1 in wheat and barley on the short arms of chromosomes 6D and 6H, respectively. Results obtained in this study revealed that micro-collinearity around the Rfp1 locus in rye is affected by rearrangements relative to other grass genomes. The impact of the novel COS markers for practical hybrid rye breeding is discussed. © 2012 Springer Science+Business Media B.V.

Haffke S.,University of Hohenheim | Kusterer B.,HYBRO Saatzucht GmbH and Co. KG | Fromme F.J.,HYBRO Saatzucht GmbH and Co. KG | Roux S.,Julius Kuhn Institute | And 2 more authors.
Bioenergy Research | Year: 2014

Winter rye (Secale cereale L.) is becoming increasingly important as substrate for biogas production in Central Europe. Dry matter yield has evolved as a breeding goal comparably important to the traditional grain yield. We analyzed the covariation between both traits and tested other agronomic traits for their correlation to dry matter yield that could be used for prediction of biomass yield. A set of 258 experimental hybrids were tested for dry matter yield harvested at late milk stage and grain yield harvested at full ripening at three to four locations in Germany in 2011 and 2012. We observed a wide range of dry matter yield (10-24 Mg ha-1) and grain yield (6-15 Mg ha-1) among testcross progenies. Genetic variances were significantly (P < 0.01) different from zero for all traits. High entry-mean heritabilities (0.92-0.94) were found for plant height measurements and moderate heritabilities for grain and dry matter yield (0.52 and 0.49, respectively). Relative efficiencies for selection of dry matter yield estimated by second (EC 51-55) and third (EC 73) measurements of plant height were 1.24 and 0.98 respectively, compared to 0.52 for grain yield. Indirect selection for high dry matter yield using late plant height measurements should be successful. Using grain yield for indirect selection was less effective. The observed broad genetic variation for biomass yield in elite hybrid rye gives good prospects for the use as a resource of renewable energy. Plant height is a good predictor of dry matter yield but should be selected together with improved lodging resistance. © 2013 Springer Science+Business Media New York.

Meyer R.C.,Leibniz Institute of Plant Genetics and Crop Plant Research | Kusterer B.,University of Hohenheim | Kusterer B.,HYBRO Saatzucht GmbH and Co. KG | Lisec J.,Max Planck Institute of Molecular Plant Physiology | And 10 more authors.
Theoretical and Applied Genetics | Year: 2010

The main objective of this study was to identify genomic regions involved in biomass heterosis using QTL, generation means, and mode-of-inheritance classification analyses. In a modified North Carolina Design III we backcrossed 429 recombinant inbred line and 140 introgression line populations to the two parental accessions, C24 and Col-0, whose F1 hybrid exhibited 44% heterosis for biomass. Mid-parent heterosis in the RILs ranged from -31 to 99% for dry weight and from -58 to 143% for leaf area. We detected ten genomic positions involved in biomass heterosis at an early developmental stage, individually explaining between 2.4 and 15.7% of the phenotypic variation. While overdominant gene action was prevalent in heterotic QTL, our results suggest that a combination of dominance, overdominance and epistasis is involved in biomass heterosis in this Arabidopsis cross. © The Author(s) 2009.

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