Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2013.1.7 | Award Amount: 3.21M | Year: 2013
A large majority of Europeans engage with Online Social Networks (OSNs) and a recent Eurobarometer study concludes that 74% of respondents think that they do not have enough control of the data they share and 70% are concerned with the way such data are handled by OSNs. In response to these concerns, USEMP aims at developing a framework that will empower users by enhancing their control over the data they distribute or interact with. The framework will reduce the existing asymmetry between data processing and control means available to OSNs and those afforded by citizens.\nUSEMP will contribute to the reduction of this asymmetry and will propose a multidisciplinary approach motivated by the following objectives:\n-Advance the understanding of privacy issues on the Web through an empirical approach that combines legal, sociological, media studies and computer science perspectives. These aspects reveal different facets of the problem and are essential to the proposition of innovative privacy and personal data protection models.\n-Empower users through the introduction of semi-automatic mechanisms that assist them in personal data management tasks. Focus will be put on integrating insights from legal and user studies in multimedia information extraction tools in order to enhance user experience.\n-Contribute to raising users awareness concerning the advantages and risks related to sharing personal data. Particular attention will be given to the proposition of means to understand monetisation processes that take place on OSNs and on the user-controlled licensing of a part of the personal data.\nUSEMP will demonstrate the added value of its outcomes through two use cases that will investigate (a) OSN presence control and (b) economic value of personal information. The FIRE infrastructure will be used to carry experiments related to user research, notably using living labs approach, and to evaluate developed tools from a technical perspective in large scale settings.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: ICT-18-2016 | Award Amount: 3.94M | Year: 2016
Issues of data subjects privacy and data security represent a crucial challenge in the biomedical sector more than in other industries. The current IT landscape in this field shows a myriad of isolated, locally hosted patient data repositories, managed by clinical centres and other organisations, which are subject to frequent and massive data breaches. Patients are disenfranchised in this process, and are not able to have a clear understanding of who uses their personal information and for what purposes. This makes it the ideal field to build and test new models of privacy and data protection, and the technologies that encode them. MyHealthMyData (MHMD) aims at changing the existing scenario by introducing a distributed, peer-to-peer architecture, based on Blockchain and Personal Data Accounts. This approach will determine new mechanisms of trust and of direct, value-based relationships between people, hospitals, research centres and businesses, in what will be the first open biomedical information network centred on the connection between organisations and the individual. The system will develop a comprehensive methodology to guide the implementation of data and identity protection systems, specifically defining approaches and tools to profile and classify sensitive data based on their informational and economic value, to assess the most suitable and robust de-identification and encryption technologies needed to secure different types of information, to allow advanced analytics, and to evaluate the overall reliability of a generic multi modular architecture. MHMD will also analyse users behavioural patterns alongside ethical and cultural orientations, to identify hidden dynamics in the interactions between humans and complex information services, to improve the design of data-driven platforms and to foster the development of a true information marketplace, in which individuals will be able to exercise full control on their personal data and leverage their value.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: IA | Phase: IoT-01-2016 | Award Amount: 17.60M | Year: 2017
The SoundCity Project MONICA aims to provide a very large scale demonstration of multiple existing and new Internet of Things technologies for Smarter Living. The solution will be deployed in 6 major cities in Europe. MONICA demonstrates a large scale IoT ecosystem that uses innovative wearable and portable IoT sensors and actuators with closed-loop back-end services integrated into an interoperable, cloud-based platform capable of offering a multitude of simultaneous, targeted applications. All ecosystems will be demonstrated in the scope of large scale city events, but have general applicability for dynamically deploying Smart City applications in many fixed locations such as airports, main traffic arterials, and construction sites. Moreover, it is inherent in the MONICA approach to identify the official standardisation potential areas in all stages of the project. MONICA will demonstrate an IoT platform in massive scale operating conditions; capable of handling at least 10.000 simultaneous real end-users with wearable and portable sensors using existing and emerging technologies (TRL 5-6) and based upon open standards and architectures. It will design, develop and deploy a platform capable of integrating large amounts of heterogeneous, interoperable IoT enabled sensors with different data capabilities (video, audio, data), resource constraints (wearables, Smartphones, Smartwatches), bandwidth (UWB, M2M), costs (professional, consumer), and deployment (wearable, mobile, fixed, airborne) as well as actuators (lights, LED, cameras, alarms, drones, loudspeakers). It will demo end-to-end, closed loop solutions covering everything from devices and middleware with semantic annotations through a multitude of wireless communication channels to cloud based applications and back to actuation networks. Humans-in-the-Loop is demonstrated through integrating Situational Awareness and Decision Support tools for organisers, security staff and sound engineers situation rooms.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: IA | Phase: DS-01-2014 | Award Amount: 4.54M | Year: 2015
Privacy Flag combines crowd sourcing, ICT technology and legal expertise to protect citizen privacy when visiting websites, using smart-phone applications, or living in a smart city. It will enable citizens to monitor and control their privacy with a user friendly solution provided as a smart phone application, a web browser add-on and a public website. It will: 1.Develop a highly scalable privacy monitoring and protection solution with: - Crowd sourcing mechanisms to identify, monitor and assess privacy-related risks; - Privacy monitoring agents to identify suspicious activities and applications; - Universal Privacy Risk Area Assessment Tool and methodology tailored on European norms on personal data protection; - Personal Data Valuation mechanism; - Privacy enablers against traffic monitoring and finger printing; - User friendly interface informing on the privacy risks when using an application or website. 2.Develop a global knowledge database of identified privacy risks, together with online services to support companies and other stakeholders in becoming privacy-friendly, including: - In-depth privacy risk analytical tool and services; - Voluntary legally binding mechanism for companies located outside Europe to align with and abide to European standards in terms of personal data protection; - Services for companies interested in being privacy friendly; - Labelling and certification process. 3.Collaborate with standardization bodies and actively disseminate towards the public and specialized communities, such as ICT lawyers, policy makers and academics. 11 European partners, including SMEs and a large telco operator, bring their complementary technical, legal, societal and business expertise; strong links with standardization bodies and international fora; and outcomes from over 20 related research projects. It will build a privacy defenders community and will establish a legal entity with a sound business plan to ensure longterm sustainability and growth.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: SEC-2013.5.1-1 | Award Amount: 5.13M | Year: 2014
In a disaster situation three things contribute to a success: having the right resource available in the shortest time, with the highest relevance and at the right location. Access to necessary information, communication with other rescuers and stakeholders as well as the availability of resources are key factors in minimizing damage and loss of life. Large scale disasters and crisis situations increase the requirements on man and material exponentially. Additional challenges, in particular in cross border events, include language barriers, knowhow and organizational barriers and technical barriers (communication and data exchange). To address this challenge it will be necessary to analyse three defining factors: 1. Past responses to critical events and disasters in terms of time and cost 2. The data and data management tool used by crisis managers and first responders 3. The organisational structures of the crisis managers and first responders This analysis will enable the definition of a concept for a common information space. A requirement for a successful pan European information space is the definition of a common taxonomy. The common information space, which implies an EU wide standardization activity, will widen the EU wide market for organization developing solutions and tools for crisis management.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: SEC-2013.2.5-4 | Award Amount: 5.20M | Year: 2014
In recent years, we have witnessed an increase in the number and impact of cyber attacks. A successful attack might affect, or even endanger, daily human activities. Multiple countermeasures have been put in place to prevent Advanced Persistent Threat (APT) attacks, but they failed, allowing the latest generation of APT. The goal of PREEMPTIVE is to provide an innovative solution for enhancing existing methods and conceiving tools to prevent against cyber attacks, that target utility networks. PREEMPTIVE addresses the prevention of cyber attacks against hardware and software systems such as DCS, SCADA, PLC, networked electronic sensing, and monitoring and diagnostic systems used by the utilities networks. Moreover, the research aims to implement detection tools based on a dual approach comprising low direct detection and process misbehavior detection PREEMPTIVE proposes to: Enhance existing methodological security and prevention frameworks with the aim of harmonizing Risk and Vulnerability Assessment methods, standard policies, procedures and applicable regulations or recommendations to prevent cyber attacks. Design and develop prevention and detection tools complaint to the dual approach that takes into account both the industrial process misbehavior analysis (physical domain) and the communication & software anomalies (cyber domain): o Industrial process misbehavior detection tools. o communication & software related threats prevention and detection tools. Define a taxonomy for classifying the utilities networks taking into account: o The utility network type and communication technology used o The utility network exposure to Cyber threats o The impact to the citizens of services disruption caused by a cyber attack through the utility network. Define guidelines for improving Critical Infrastructure (CI) surveillance. Validate the PREEMPTIVE framework and innovative technologies in real scenarios with the support of the utility companies
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: ICT-32-2014 | Award Amount: 3.84M | Year: 2015
SAFEcrypto will provide a new generation of practical, robust and physically secure post quantum cryptographic solutions that ensure long-term security for future ICT systems, services and applications. Novel public-key cryptographic schemes (digital signatures, authentication, public-key encryption, identity-based encryption) will be developed using lattice problems as the source of computational hardness. The project will involve algorithmic and design optimisations, and implementations of the lattice-based cryptographic schemes addressing the cost, energy consumption, performance and physical robustness needs of resource-constrained applications, such as mobile, battery-operated devices, and of real-time applications such as network security, satellite communications and cloud. Currently a significant threat to cryptographic applications is that the devices on which they are implemented on leak information, which can be used to mount attacks to recover secret information. In SAFEcrypto the first analysis and development of physical-attack resistant methodologies for lattice-based cryptographic implementations will be undertaken. Effective models for the management, storage and distribution of the keys utilised in the proposed schemes (key sizes may be in the order of kilobytes or megabytes) will also be provided. This project will deliver proof-of-concept demonstrators of the novel lattice-based public-key cryptographic schemes for three practical real-word case studies with real-time performance and low power consumption requirements. In comparison to current state-of-the-art implementations of conventional public-key cryptosystems (RSA and Elliptic Curve Cryptography (ECC)), SAFEcryptos objective is to achieve a range of lattice-based architectures that provide comparable area costs, a 10-fold speed-up in throughput for real-time application scenarios, and a 5-fold reduction in energy consumption for low-power and embedded and mobile applications.
Agency: GTR | Branch: Innovate UK | Program: | Phase: Smart - Proof of Market | Award Amount: 25.00K | Year: 2016
This work proposes to carry out a market study to bring our Visible Light Communication (VLC) hardware modem prototype based on low energy LED lighting to a commercial product which provides a dual functionality solution, i.e., High speed (Gbps) optical wireless broadband connectivity and illumination for end users in indoor environments, using unlicensed visible light spectrum. Growing data traffic and demand for high speed applications like video streaming, gaming etc., requires high speed end user connectivity solutions. As we are accelerating towards Internet of Things, where all the devices will connect to the internet in the future, which will also result in RF spectrum congestion with low QoS causing user dissatisfaction. The product we are aiming to develop for indoor use will increase the end user data speed by replacing existing lights with a LED based VLC modem and this is also now proposed for use in 5G using the unregulated visible light spectrum. This replacement will not require additional infrastructure to be installed within a building which is much attractive for end users. The user will enjoy high quality and secure data link (increase Cyber security and Information Assurance) along with sufficient illumination leaving no known adverse effects on health as compared to RF systems. Our past work has matured the VLC concept into TRL4/5 prototype. This VLC prototype has capacity of connecting multiple users under the same LED light demonstrating the current technology maturity. To commercialise we need to identify market gaps/trends and application areas leading us to mature the prototype to a product. Objectives of OptiNet are to identify market opportunity gaps, conduct market research, interpret findings, develop market options, risk analysis, identify user needs and value, develop value proposition and substantiate market trends, findings becomes an input to Smart POC phase 2 Project.
Agency: GTR | Branch: Innovate UK | Program: | Phase: Smart - Development of Prototype | Award Amount: 144.93K | Year: 2014
Modern aircraft contain significant amounts of cabling linking flight critcal components & systems all over the airframe. Current maintenance technology & techniques do not allow flight operators & maintainers to accurately locate & classify faults to decide on a rectification or a monitoring strategy. Time is spent removing panels to look for and assess logged faults, chasing intermittent faults or searching for faults that may be causing reduced performance due to damage but are not showing up as hard/permanent faults. The aim of this project is twofold; firstly to act as a fault detection system to determine where a wiring fault is located and what type of failure has occurred. This will enable a repair team to quickly find the fault within the airframe and undertake a repair. Secondly the system is intended to allow the aircraft operator to monitor ermergent or existing faults to decide the most appropriate time for intervention, for example at the next scheduled aircraft maintenance period – critcially moving from reactive to preventative maintenance of the aircraft Electrical Wiring Interconnect System (EWIS).
Agency: GTR | Branch: Innovate UK | Program: | Phase: Collaborative Research & Development | Award Amount: 1.09M | Year: 2014
SENTIENT (SENsors To Inform & Enable wireless NeTworks) aims to advance aircraft structural health management (SHM) using wireless sensor hetworks, WSN. Its key innovations are:(1)Small, light, low cost, low power demand sensors, (2) Quick and flexible installation, (3) More sensors in places not practical for wired installation. The main project objectives are: (1)Develop low/ self-powered WSN for SHM with sensor energy harvesting, (2)Create a SHM process validation prototype for visualising the health of an airframe structure. The main benefits are: a reduction in aircraft downtime, improved safety and weight reduction as ~30% of electrical wires are potential candidates for a wireless substitute.The expanded wide area coverage of wireless sensor networks can bring further important benefits: • More data can be collected and more reliably across interfaces between moving parts, • Simpler designs can be developed for lighter more efficient aircraft.The potential impacts are: • Societal – increased safety and less flight departure delays, • Environmental – reduced weight and CO2, • Economic – savings in fuel, less maintenance downtime.