De Ridder L.,Erasmus MC Sophia Childrens Hospital |
Turner D.,Hebrew University of Jerusalem |
Wilson D.C.,University of Edinburgh |
Koletzko S.,Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich |
And 23 more authors.
Inflammatory Bowel Diseases | Year: 2014
Background: The combination of the severity of pediatric-onset inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) phenotypes and the need for intense medical treatment may increase the risk of malignancy and mortality, but evidence regarding the extent of the problem is scarce. Therefore, the Porto Pediatric IBD working group of ESPGHAN conducted a multinational-based survey of cancer and mortality in pediatric IBD. Methods: A survey among pediatric gastroenterologists of 20 European countries and Israel on cancer and/or mortality in the pediatric patient population with IBD was undertaken. One representative from each country repeatedly contacted all pediatric gastroenterologists from each country for reporting retrospectively cancer and/or mortality of pediatric patients with IBD after IBD onset, during 2006-2011. Results: We identified 18 cases of cancers and/or 31 deaths in 44 children (26 males) who were diagnosed with IBD (ulcerative colitis, n = 21) at a median age of 10.0 years (inter quartile range, 3.0-14.0). Causes of mortality were infectious (n = 14), cancer (n = 5), uncontrolled disease activity of IBD (n = 4), procedure-related (n = 3), other non-IBD related diseases (n = 3), and unknown (n = 2). The most common malignancies were hematopoietic tumors (n = 11), of which 3 were hepatosplenic T-cell lymphoma and 3 Ebstein-Barr virus-associated lymphomas. Conclusions: Cancer and mortality in pediatric IBD are rare, but cumulative rates are not insignificant. Mortality is primarily related to infections, particularly in patients with 2 or more immunosuppressive agents, followed by cancer and uncontrolled disease. At least 6 lymphomas were likely treatment-associated by virtue of their phenotype. Copyright © 2013 Crohn's & Colitis Foundation of America, Inc.
Nielsen K.,University Hospital Hvidovre |
Lauridsen J.R.M.,Svendborg Hospital |
Laursen C.B.,University of Southern Denmark |
Brabrand M.,Sydvestjysk Sygehus
Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine | Year: 2015
Background: Emergency ultrasound is a relatively new diagnostic discipline. It is used as an extension of the clinical examination and is ideal in the setting of acute illness. The objective of this study was to investigate how many Emergency Departments (EDs) in Denmark have implemented emergency ultrasound. We also wanted to give an idea of how many and which physicians have adopted ultrasound as a diagnostic tool so far. Methods: The study was a cross-sectional, descriptive, multicenter survey that included all physician staffed EDs in Denmark. An Internet based questionnaire was distributed by e-mail to all heads of department. Those departments who responded that ultrasound was available in their department were included in the second part of the study where all physicians working in the ED were contacted and asked to complete a second questionnaire. Results: All 28 eligible EDs participated in the first part of the study (Response rate: 100 %). 25 EDs (89 %, 95 % CI: 85-93) had ultrasound equipment available. Questionnaires were distributed to 1,872 physicians in these departments and 561 responded (Response rate: 30 %, 95 % CI: 28-32). Overall 257 (46 %, 95 % CI: 42-50) were users of emergency ultrasound and 304 were non-users (54 %, 95 % CI: 50-58). The largest group with 146 respondents (25 %, 95 % CI: 21-29) were anaesthetists with merely consult duty in the ED. When looking exclusively on physicians with on-call duty in the ED, thus excluding anaesthetists, only 146 (35 %, 95 % CI: 30-40) were users of ultrasound while 269 (65 %, 95 % CI: 60-70) were non-users. There was a considerable difference regarding age, level of training, and medical specialty between users and non-users. Users were mainly anaesthetists and attending physicians from other departments. The majority of non-users were young physicians with on call duty in the ED. Conclusions: We have found that although almost all Danish EDs have ultrasound equipment available, few physicians working in the ED seem to have adopted the tool. Emergency Ultrasound is mainly performed by specialists who are summoned to the ED in case of severe acute illness and not by those physicians who comprise the backbone of the ED around the clock. © 2015 Nielsen et al.
Leerhoy B.,Copenhagen University |
Nordholm-Carstensen A.,Copenhagen University |
Novovic S.,University Hospital Hvidovre |
Hansen M.B.,Copenhagen University |
And 2 more authors.
Pancreas | Year: 2014
Objective: The aim of this study was to assess the clinical effect of diclofenac administered as a single dose for the prevention of postprocedure pancreatitis in a consecutive series of patients who had undergone endo-scopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP).Methods: Patients with a native papilla Vateri subjected to ERCP during 2010 (control group, n = 218) and 2012 (diclofenac group, n = 182) were included. Patients with a history of chronic pancreatitis or recent acute pancreatitis were excluded. From January 2012, a rectal suppository containing 100 mg of diclofenac was administered immediately after endoscopy in all patients. The primary outcome of post-ERCP pancreatitis was assessed retrospectively by reviewing the patients' charts.Results: The overall incidence of post-ERCP pancreatitis was 32 (14.7%) of the 218 patients in the control group and 9 (4.9%) of the 182 patients in the diclofenac group (P = 0.002). Moderate to severe pancreatitis occurred in 22 (10.1%) of the 218 patients in the control group versus 8 (4.4%) of the 182 patients in the diclofenac group (P = 0.036).Conclusions: This controlled cohort study suggests that the implementation of a single dose of 100 mg of diclofenac rectally administered significantly reduces the incidence of post-ERCP pancreatitis in an unselected material of patients with native papilla. Copyright © 2014 by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
Moller M.N.,University Hospital Gentofte |
Werther K.,ENT Clinic |
Nalla A.,Institute of Molecular Pathology |
Stangerup S.-E.,University Hospital Gentofte |
And 8 more authors.
Laryngoscope | Year: 2010
Objectives/Hypothesis: Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are potent mediators of tumor angiogenesis. It has been demonstrated that vestibular schwannoma VEGF expression correlates with tumor growth pattern, whereas knowledge on the expression of MMPs is lacking. This study targets the angiogenic process by investigation of tumor expression of MMP- 2, MMP-9, and tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinase (TIMP)-1. A possible correlation with gender, patient age, symptom duration, tumor size, and the absolute and relative growth rate is explored. Study Design: Prospective vestibular schwannoma tissue sampling for ELISA and immunohistochemical determination of MMP-2, MMP-9 and TIMP-1. Methods: Thirty-four patients with a sporadic, noncystic, vestibular schwannoma were selected prospectively. Repeated, preoperative magnetic resonance imaging determined the tumor growth pattern. Following translabyrinthine resection, an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was used for determination of the MMP-2, MMP-9, and TIMP-1 concentration in tumor sample homogenates. Immunohistochemical labeling was performed in 12 randomly selected tumors. Results: All tumor homogenates expressed measurable MMP-9, MMP-2, and TIMP-1. Immunolabeling localized MMP-9 expression to the tumor cells, whereas MMP-2 and TIMP-1 was found interstitially. A significant correlation existed between the concentration MMP-9 and absolute tumor growth rate, whereas a weak correlation occurred for the relative growth rate. Conclusions: Vestibular schwannomas express MMP-2, MMP-9, and TIMP-1 and the tumor concentration of MMP-9 correlates with absolute tumor growth rate, but not with age, gender, symptom duration, or preoperative tumor size. No correlations existed between any clinical parameter and MMP-2 or TIMP-1 expression. We conclude that MMP-9 appears to be involved in the growth of vestibular schwannomas. © 2010 The American Laryngological, Rhinological and Otological Society, Inc.
Handlos L.N.,Copenhagen University |
Olwig K.F.,Copenhagen University |
Bygbjerg I.C.,Copenhagen University |
Kristiansen M.,Copenhagen University |
And 2 more authors.
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health | Year: 2015
Elderly migrants constitute a considerable share of global return migration; nevertheless, literature on the health aspects of the return migration among these migrants is still scarce. This study explores the significance of return migration among elderly, chronically ill Bosnian refugees from Denmark and the role of health issues in their decision to return. It is based on semi-structured interviews with 33 elderly, chronically ill Bosnian refugees who have moved back to Bosnia and Herzegovina, and 10 elderly, chronically ill Bosnian refugees who have remained in Denmark. The interviews show that physical health, in the sense of the absence of illness and easy access to necessary health-care services and medicines, was not highly prioritized when the decision was made whether or not to return. However, if health is regarded more broadly as involving more than mere physical health and the absence of illness, health did matter. Viewed as physical, social and mental well-being in line with WHO’s definition of health, health was indeed one of the most important factors when the decision to return was made. © 2015, by the authors, licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.