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Detroit, MI, United States

Jeanty C.,Wayne State University | Frayer E.A.,Wayne State University | Page R.,Hutzel Womens Hospital | Langenburg S.,Childrens Hospital of Michigan
Journal of Pediatric Surgery | Year: 2010

We present a case of neonatal ovarian torsion complicated by bowel obstruction and perforation and review the literature regarding the incidence of bowel obstruction in neonatal ovarian cysts, the presentation, and treatment. A term neonate was prenatally diagnosed with a cystic abdominal mass palpable on physical examination. A postnatal abdominal x-ray showed paucity of gas in the left hemiabdomen with rightward displacement of bowel loops. Exploratory laparotomy on day 2 of life revealed a large cystic mass in the left lower quadrant consistent with a torsed left ovary, an omental band causing strangulation of the bowel mesentery, and a perforation of the distal ileum. Our literature search revealed 19 reported cases of neonatal ovarian cysts resulting in bowel obstruction. Infants may present with a palpable abdominal mass, respiratory distress, as well as signs and symptoms of intestinal obstruction. Two mechanisms exist for bowel obstruction: adhesions caused by a torsed necrotic ovary and mass effect of a large ovarian cyst, often measuring 9 to 10 cm in diameter. Options to treat ovarian cysts include antenatal or postnatal aspiration, laparoscopy, and laparotomy. Cysts less than 4 to 5 cm can be observed, whereas operative intervention is indicated in symptomatic cases and in persistent or enlarging ovarian cysts. © 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Sood B.G.,Wayne State University | McLaughlin K.,Hutzel Womens Hospital | Cortez J.,Jacksonville University
Seminars in Fetal and Neonatal Medicine | Year: 2015

Near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) offers non-invasive, in-vivo, real-time monitoring of tissue oxygenation. Changes in regional tissue oxygenation as detected by NIRS may reflect the delicate balance between oxygen delivery and consumption. Originally used predominantly to assess cerebral oxygenation and perfusion perioperatively during cardiac and neurosurgery, and following head trauma, NIRS has gained widespread popularity in many clinical settings in all age groups including neonates. However, more studies are required to establish the ability of NIRS monitoring to improve patient outcomes, especially in neonates. This review provides a comprehensive description of the use of NIRS in neonates. © 2015.

Sood B.G.,Hutzel Womens Hospital | Sood B.G.,Wayne State University | Rambhatla A.,Wayne State University | Thomas R.,Wayne State University | Chen X.,University of Florida
Journal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine | Year: 2016

Background and objectives: Many observational studies reporting a temporal association between red cell transfusions (RBCTs) and necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) in preterm infants fail to take into account RBCTs in infants without NEC. The objective of this study was to investigate the association between RBCTs and NEC in an analytical retrospective cohort study with minimization of selection and measurement bias and controlling for clinical covariates.Methods: Inborn preterm infants [23-32 weeks gestational age (GA)] without major congenital anomalies were eligible. Association of RBCT and modified Bells Stage ≥2A NEC was explored using bivariate analyses and verified using multivariable Cox regression.Results: Of 627 eligible infants, 305 neither received RBCT nor developed NEC and 12 developed NEC prior to RBCT. Of 310 infants with RBCT, 27 developed NEC. Compared to infants without NEC, infants with NEC received significantly lower number of RBCTs before diagnosis of NEC (p = 0.000). On multivariable Cox regression controlling for clinical covariates, dichotomous RBCT exposure was associated with 60% reduced hazard for NEC.Conclusions: RBCT exposure was associated with decreased hazards for NEC in preterm infants in this study; factors previously reported to be associated with NEC remained statistically significant predictors. © 2015 Informa UK Ltd.

Lulic-Botica M.,Hutzel Womens Hospital | Rajpurkar M.,Wayne State University | Sabo C.,Wayne State University | Tutag-Lehr V.,Wayne State University | Natarajan G.,Wayne State University
Acta Paediatrica, International Journal of Paediatrics | Year: 2012

Aim: To evaluate fluctuations in anti-Xa concentrations in infants treated with enoxaparin for thrombosis and describe clinical outcomes. Methods: A retrospective chart review was performed on infants treated with enoxaparin in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, and data on enoxaparin doses, anti-Xa concentrations, clinical characteristics and outcomes were abstracted. Results: Our cohort (n = 26) had a median gestation of 36 (range, 23-41) weeks, birthweight of 2522 (510-3912) grams and 5-min Apgar score of 8(4-9). Fifteen (57.7%) infants were males. Thromboses was diagnosed at a median age of 22 (range, 1-97) days; enoxaparin was initiated at 27.5 (range, 4-98) days at a mean (SD) dose of 1.4 (0.3) mg/kg every 12 h. Therapeutic anti-Xa concentrations (0.5-1 U/mL) were achieved at a mean (SD) dose of 2.1 (0.6) mg/kg at 12.5 (12.2) days of treatment. Of the 143 anti-Xa concentrations, 39 (27%) were within the therapeutic range. During maintenance therapy following initial therapeutic anti-Xa concentration, 40% concentrations were therapeutic. Minor bleeding was noted in four infants and intracranial bleed in one infant; four infants died. During treatment, thrombocytopenia, renal and hepatic impairment during treatment were noted in 7, 2 and 4 infants, respectively. Clot resolution was observed in 21 (81%) infants. Conclusions: Anti-Xa concentrations fluctuate during maintenance enoxaparin therapy, with therapeutic levels being achieved only sporadically in young infants. Despite this, enoxaparin appears efficacious in thrombosis resolution. Further studies on the impact of stringent control of concentrations on outcomes in this population are warranted. © 2011 The Author(s)/Acta Pædiatrica.

Al-Safi Z.,Hutzel Womens Hospital
Obstetrics and Gynecology | Year: 2011

Background: Although known nickel hypersensitivity is a contraindication to intratubal microinsert placement in the United States, this case demonstrates that nickel hypersensitivity to intratubal microinserts can occur. Case: A young woman developed an allergic reaction after placement of intratubal microinserts. Nickel hypersensitivity was confirmed with skin patch testing. The microinserts were removed hysteroscopically, and the patient improved. Conclusion: If a patient experiences symptoms of an allergic reaction after hysteroscopic sterilization, referral to an allergy specialist is recommended. If nickel hypersensitivity is confirmed, the microinserts should be removed; this may be performed under hysteroscopic guidance. © 2011 by The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. Published by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

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