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Talseth-Palmer B.A.,University of Newcastle | Wijnen J.T.,Leiden University | Brenne I.S.,University of Newcastle | Brenne I.S.,University of Tromso | And 16 more authors.
International Journal of Cancer | Year: 2013

Two colorectal cancer (CRC) susceptibility loci have been found to be significantly associated with an increased risk of CRC in Dutch Lynch syndrome (LS) patients. Recently, in a combined study of Australian and Polish LS patients, only MLH1 mutation carriers were found to be at increased risk of disease. A combined analysis of the three data-sets was performed to better define this association. This cohort-study includes three sample populations combined totaling 1,352 individuals from 424 families with a molecular diagnosis of LS. Seven SNPs, from six different CRC susceptibility loci, were genotyped by both research groups and the data analyzed collectively. We identified associations at two of the six CRC susceptibility loci in MLH1 mutation carriers from the combined LS cohort: 11q23.1 (rs3802842, HR = 2.68, p ≤ 0.0001) increasing risk of CRC, and rs3802842 in a pair-wise combination with 8q23.3 (rs16892766) affecting age of diagnosis of CRC (log-rank test; p ≤ 0.0001). A significant difference in the age of diagnosis of CRC of 28 years was observed in individuals carrying three risk alleles compared to those with 0 risk alleles for the pair-wise SNP combination. A trend (due to significance threshold of p ≤ 0.0010) was observed in MLH1 mutation carriers towards an increased risk of CRC for the pair-wise combination (p = 0.002). This study confirms the role of modifier loci in LS. We consider that LS patients with MLH1 mutations would greatly benefit from additional genotyping of SNPs rs3802842 and rs16892766 for personalized risk assessment and a tailored surveillance program. What's new? Three independent genetic studies recently examined the role of common colorectal susceptibility loci in the risk for early-onset colorectal cancer in patients with Lynch syndrome, a dominantly inherited cancer syndrome characterized by early-onset epithelial cancers. Here, the authors performed a new analysis of the combined datasets from two of the earlier studies and confirmed associations at two of six colorectal cancer susceptibility loci in this larger dataset. These associations were only observed in carriers of MLH1 mutations, one of several mutations defining Lynch syndrome carriers. One consequence of this study is that MLH1mutation carriers should receive additional genotyping at the two loci to individually tailor tumor surveillance. Copyright © 2012 UICC.

Douma K.F.L.,University of Amsterdam | Meiser B.,University of New South Wales | Kirk J.,University of Sydney | Mitchell G.,Familial Cancer Center | And 7 more authors.
Familial Cancer | Year: 2015

Increasingly, women are offered genetic testing shortly after diagnosis of breast cancer to facilitate decision-making about treatment, often referred to as ‘treatment-focused genetic testing’ (TFGT). As understanding the attitudes of health professionals is likely to inform its integration into clinical care we surveyed professionals who participated in our TFGT randomized control study. Thirty-six completed surveys were received (response rate 59 %), 15 (42 %) health professionals classified as genetic and 21 (58 %) as non-genetic. Mainly positive experiences with participating in the TFGT trial were reported. The high cost of testing and who could best deliver information about TGFT to the patient were raised as key constraints to implementation of TFGT in usual care. More non-genetic than genetic health professionals (44 vs 8 %) preferred that the surgeon provide the information for decision-making about TFGT. While costs of TFGT itself and the time and effort of staff involved were perceived barriers, as testing costs become lower, it is expected that TFGT will become a routine part of standard clinical care for patients at high genetic risk in the near future. © 2014, Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht.

Talseth-Palmer B.A.,University of Newcastle | Talseth-Palmer B.A.,Hunter Medical Research Institute | Brenne I.S.,Hunter Medical Research Institute | Brenne I.S.,Institute of Pharmacy | And 12 more authors.
Journal of Medical Genetics | Year: 2011

Objective: Recently, six colorectal cancer (CRC) susceptibility loci have been identified, and two single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs)drs16892766 (8q23.3) and rs3802842 (11q23.1)dfrom two of these regions have been found to be significantly associated with an increased CRC risk in patients with Lynch syndrome. The objective of this study was to genotype nine SNPs within these six loci to confirm previous findings and investigate whether they act as modifiers of disease risk in patients with Lynch syndrome. Design: The patient cohort consisted of 684 mutation-positive patients with Lynch syndrome from 298 Australian and Polish families. Nine SNPs were genotyped: rs16892766 (8q23.3), rs7014346 and rs6983267 (8q24.21), rs10795668 (10p14), rs3802842 (11q23.1), rs10318 and rs4779584 (15q13.3), and rs4939827 and rs4464148 (18q21.1). The data were analysed to investigate possible associations between the presence of variant alleles and the risk of developing disease. Results: An association between SNP rs3802842 on chromosome 11q23.1 and rs16892766 on chromosome 8q23.3 and the risk of developing CRC and age of diagnosis was found in MLH1 mutation carriers. Female MLH1 mutation carriers harbouring the homozygous variant genotype for SNP rs3802842 have the highest risk of developing CRC. When the number of risk alleles for the two SNPs combined was analysed, a difference of 24 years was detected between individuals carrying three risk alleles and those carrying no risk alleles. Conclusion: The authors were able to replicate the association between the CRC susceptibility loci on chromosomes 8q23.3 and 11q23 and the risk of developing CRC in patients with Lynch syndrome, but the association could only be detected in MLH1 mutation carriers in this study.

Talseth-Palmer B.A.,University of Newcastle | Talseth-Palmer B.A.,Hunter Medical Research Institute | McPhillips M.,Hunter Area Pathology Service | Groombridge C.,Hunter Family Cancer Service | And 3 more authors.
Hereditary Cancer in Clinical Practice | Year: 2010

Background: Approximately 10% of Lynch syndrome families have a mutation in MSH6 and fewer families have a mutation in PMS2. It is assumed that the cancer incidence is the same in families with mutations in MSH6 as in families with mutations in MLH1/MSH2 but that the disease tends to occur later in life, little is known about families with PMS2 mutations. This study reports on our findings on mutation type, cancer risk and age of diagnosis in MSH6 and PMS2 families.Methods: A total of 78 participants (from 29 families) with a mutation in MSH6 and 7 participants (from 6 families) with a mutation in PMS2 were included in the current study. A database of de-identified patient information was analysed to extract all relevant information such as mutation type, cancer incidence, age of diagnosis and cancer type in this Lynch syndrome cohort. Cumulative lifetime risk was calculated utilising Kaplan-Meier survival analysis.Results: MSH6 and PMS2 mutations represent 10.3% and 1.9%, respectively, of the pathogenic mutations in our Australian Lynch syndrome families. We identified 26 different MSH6 and 4 different PMS2 mutations in the 35 families studied. We report 15 novel MSH6 and 1 novel PMS2 mutations. The estimated cumulative risk of CRC at age 70 years was 61% (similar in males and females) and 65% for endometrial cancer in MSH6 mutation carriers. The risk of developing CRC is different between males and females at age 50 years, which is 34% for males and 21% for females.Conclusion: Novel MSH6 and PMS2 mutations are being reported and submitted to the current databases for identified Lynch syndrome mutations. Our data provides additional information to add to the genotype-phenotype spectrum for both MSH6 and PMS2 mutations. © 2010 Talseth-Palmer et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.

Burcher S.,University of Sydney | Meiser B.,University of New South Wales | Mitchell G.,Familial Cancer Center | Mitchell G.,University of Melbourne | And 8 more authors.
Personalized Medicine | Year: 2013

Aim: This study explored the attitudes of oncology health professionals towards treatment-focused genetic testing (TFGT) for women newly diagnosed with breast cancer. Materials & methods: Members of several relevant medical organizations in Australia and New Zealand were invited via email to participate in an online survey. Results: A total of 149 respondents, including 40 surgeons, 46 oncologists and 63 breast care nurses, completed the online questionnaire. The majority of respondents believed that TFGT was useful for patient care (87.3%) and valuable for the treatment and management of breast cancer (90.6%). In multivariable analyses, breast care nurses were significantly more likely to agree that TFGT was useful for patient care and the treatment and management of breast cancer compared with oncologists and surgeons (= 0.30; 95% CI: 0.01-0.60; p = 0.045). Participants also agreed that TFGT has an impact on treatment decision-making (96.0%), uptake of bilateral mastectomy (98.7%) and uptake of risk-reducing salpingo-oophorectomy (98.0%) in women newly diagnosed with breast cancer. A slight preference towards surgeons (49.7%) as the best health professional to make the initial offer of TFGT was observed and the majority of respondents suggested the best time to offer TFGT was shortly after diagnosis, when the treatment plan is discussed. Conclusion: The findings suggest health professionals have positive attitudes towards TFGT. Future training programs focusing on teamwork models and guidelines specifying health professionals roles in regards to TFGT and follow-up management may be of benefit. © 2013 Future Medicine Ltd.

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