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Varga L.,Babes - Bolyai University | Kovacs A.,Edutus College | Toth G.,Hungarian Central Statistical Office | Papp I.,Babes - Bolyai University | Neda Z.,Babes - Bolyai University
PLoS ONE | Year: 2016

The average travelling speed increases in a nontrivial manner with the travel distance. This leads to scaling-like relations on quite extended spatial scales, for all mobility modes taken together and also for a given mobility mode in part. We offer a wide range of experimental results, investigating and quantifying this universal effect and its measurable causes. The increasing travelling speed with the travel distance arises from the combined effects of: choosing the most appropriate travelling mode; the structure of the travel networks; the travel times lost in the main hubs, starting or target cities; and the speed limit of roads and vehicles. © 2016 Varga et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. Source


Hegedus R.,Corvinus University of Budapest | Pari A.,Hungarian Central Statistical Office | Drjenovszky Z.,Karol Gaspar University of the Reformed Church | Konya H.,Hungarian Academy of Sciences
Twin Research and Human Genetics | Year: 2014

Aiming to perform the first sociological survey of Hungarian twins, our main question was whether being a twin has positive consequences on one's life. Adult twins completed our questionnaire at three Hungarian summer twin festivals, in hospitals during medical twin studies, and on some websites online. Data represent 140 twin pairs (mean age: 38.2 ± 14.6 years). We employed some indices for measuring the resource nature of twinship. Three main types of benefits were distinguished: profit of attraction, as 'material capital'; the easier obtainability of cultural goods when twins take part in it, as 'cultural capital'; and positive aspects of an a priori existing dyadic relation, as 'relational capital'. We were interested in the difference among types of twins regarding advantages. We paid special attention to the five groups of twins derived from gender and zygosity (i.e., monozygotic females, monozygotic males, dizygotic females, dizygotic males, opposite-sex pairs). Our analysis showed that Hungarian twins involved in our research basically enjoy their twinship; during their lives they used and still make use of different benefits given by it. In our twin samples, women had more advantages from being a twin than men. Significant differences could be observed on all indicators between monozygotic and dizygotic twins. © The Author(s) 2014. Source


Illes S.,Eotvos Lorand University | Kincses A.,Hungarian Central Statistical Office
Hungarian Geographical Bulletin | Year: 2012

The paper presents findings of research on long-term international circular migration. There is scarce information on migratory phenomena interlinked by serial numbers (parity) in literature, so we would like to provide empirical evidences on international circular migrants based on the registered-type of data. The paper draws on a conceptual framework for a sort of definition of international circular migration. We deal with the phenomenon of circulation as one of the systems of the international migration and concentrate on Hungary as a receiving country. The main aim of the paper is to transform the notion of circulation highly theorised to the practice. The paper seeks to gain further insight into the demographic composition and territorial preferences of international circular immigrants in Hungary. Conclusions about circulars indicate the need for future investigations. Source


Kocziszky G.,University of Miskolc | Nagy Z.,University of Miskolc | Toth G.,Hungarian Central Statistical Office | David L.,Eszterhazy Karoly College
Economic Computation and Economic Cybernetics Studies and Research | Year: 2015

Many theoretical and practical works aim at describing the spatial structure of Europe. As spatial relations undergo continuous change, their analysis is always justifiable. In our study, we give an overview of the models describing the spatial structure of Europe and highlight their diversity by discussing some of them, without any claim to completeness. Our study aims at describing the economic spatial structure of Europe with a bi-dimensional regression analysis based on the gravitational model. With the help of the gravity shift-based model, we can clearly justify the appropriateness of models based on different methodological backgrounds. © 2015, Academy of Economic Studies. All rights reserved. Source


Toth G.,Hungarian Central Statistical Office | Kincses A.,Hungarian Central Statistical Office | Nagy Z.,University of Miskolc
Norsk Geografisk Tidsskrift | Year: 2014

Many theoretical and practical works aim at describing the spatial structure of Europe, where spatial relations have undergone continuous change. The article gives an overview of models describing the spatial structure of Europe. The models' diversity is highlighted, without any claim to the completeness of the list of models discussed. The authors describe the economic spatial structure of Europe through bidimensional regression analysis based on a gravity model. With the help of the gravity model, they generate a spatial image of the economic spatial structure of Europe. With the images, the appropriateness of the models based on different methodological backgrounds can be justified through comparison with the authors' results. The authors aim to contribute to understanding the European economic spatial structure through a new methodological approach, rather than to create and show a new model that overwrites existing ones. © 2014, © 2014 Norwegian Geographical Society. Source

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