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Cai N.-F.,Zhangzhou Municipal Hospital of Fujian Province | Cai N.-F.,Central South University | Cheng Z.-N.,Central South University | Zi Y.,Central South University | And 4 more authors.
Acta Pharmacologica Sinica | Year: 2014

Aim: Pharmacodynamic analysis of intravenous recombinant urate oxidase produced by Escherichia coli was performed in healthy subjects using a pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic (PK/PD) model.Methods: A randomized, single-blind, placebo-controlled study was performed in 40 healthy Chinese subjects (4 groups of 10 subjects each, placebo 4:1 ratio) who received infusions of uricase (single doses of 0.1, 0.2, and 0.3 mg/kg; multiple doses of 0.2 mg·kg-1·d-1 for 7 d). PK profiles were determined through plasma uricase activity, and PD profiles were established using uric acid levels in plasma and urine. The plasma PD parameter was estimated as changes in plasma uric acid levels as the effect in the indirect response model. Adverse events were also monitored.Results: A two-compartment PK model with constant iv input and first-order output was used to describe the kinetic process of plasma uricase. The low value (2.8 U/L) of drug concentration that achieved 50% of maximum effect (EC50) indicated that low plasma uricase concentrations were sufficient to produce pharmacological effects. A strong relationship (r2 =0.9991) between the mean uric acid concentration in blood and the mean uric acid excretion rate in urine in the range of 11 to 30 h after single dosing was found. Infusions of uricase were well tolerated in all subjects.Conclusion: The PK/PD model predicted the effective dose to be 0.1 mg/kg in healthy subjects. The excretion rate of uric acid in urine may be used as a new index for pharmacological effects in further clinical trials. © 2014 CPS and SIMM.

He X.,Central South University | Luo X.,Central South University | Liu Z.,Hunan Tiger Xiangya Drug RandD Co. | Hu G.,Central South University | Cheng Z.,Central South University
Xenobiotica | Year: 2011

Identification of cytochrome P450 isoforms (CYPs) involved in flourofenidone (5-methyl-1-(3-fluorophenyl)-2-[1H]-pyridone, AKF-PD) 5-methylhydroxylation was carried out using human liver microsomes and cDNA-expressed human CYPs (supersomes). The experiments were performed in the following in vitro models: (A) a study of AKF-PD metabolism in liver microsomes: (a) correlations study between the rate of AKF-PD 5-methylhydroxylation and activity of CYPs; (b) the effect of specific CYPs inhibitors on the rate of AKF-PD 5-methylhydroxylation; (B) AKF-PD biotransformation by cDNA-expressed human CYPs (1A2, 2D6, 2C9, 2C19, 2E1, 3A4). In human liver microsomes, the formation of AKF-PD 5-methylhydroxylation metabolite significantly correlated with the caffeine N3-demethylase (CYP1A2), chlorzoxazone 6-hydroxylase (CYP2E1), midazolam 1'- hydroxylase (CYP3A4), tolbutamide 4-hydroxylase (CYP2C9), and debrisoquin 4-hydroxylase (CYP2D6) activities. The production of AKF-PD 5-methylhydroxylation metabolite was completely inhibited by a-naphthoflavone (a CYP1A2 inhibitor) with the IC50 value of 0.12 μM in human liver microsomes. The cDNA-expressed human CYPs generated different amounts of AKF-PD 5-methylhydroxylation metabolites, but the preference of CYP isoforms to catalyze AKF-PD metabolism was as follows: 2D6>2C19>1A2>2E1>2C9> 3A4. The results demonstrated that CYP1A2 is the main isoform catalyzing AKF-PD 5-methylhydroxylation while CYP3A4, CYP2C9, CYP2E1, CYP2C19, and CYP2D6 are engaged to a lesser degree. Potential drugdrug interactions involving CYP1A2 may be noticed when AKF-PD is used combined with CYP1A2 inducers or inhibitors. © 2011 Informa UK, Ltd.

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