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Hu R.,Central South Agricultural Experiment Station of China Tobacco | Zhu X.,Hunan Agricultural University | Xiang S.,Central South Agricultural Experiment Station of China Tobacco | Xiang S.,Hunan Agricultural University | And 8 more authors.
Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications | Year: 2016

Cold stress is a major adverse environmental factor that affects plant growth, development, productivity and quality. In the present study, comparative genome-wide transcriptome analysis on two tobacco (Nicotiana tobacum L.) cultivars, cold-tolerant NC567 and cold-sensitive Taiyan8, was performed using RNA-seq technology. After the first assembly, total length of unigenes is from 101,308,644 to 123,781,795 bp, the N50 length is from 1357 to 1475 bp, and 152,688 unigenes in NC567 and 144,160 unigenes in Taiyan8 were identified, respectively. Functional classification of cold-responsive (COR) genes showed that the genes involved in cell wall metabolism, transcription factors, ubiquitin-proteasome system (UPS) and signaling are over-represented, and the COR genes are specifically induced during cold stress in NC567. Pathway analysis revealed the significant enrichment of the COR genes in plant circadian clock. Taken together, the present study suggested the positive roles of the highly induced expression of the COR genes and the conserved mechanism of circadian clock related genes in tobacco response to cold stress, and provided some valuable genes for crop improvement to cope with cold stress. © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. Source

Zhang Y.-Z.,Hunan Agricultural University | Zhang Y.-Z.,Hunan Rice Research Institute | Liu Y.,Hunan Agricultural University | Liu Y.,Hunan Rice Research Institute | And 4 more authors.
Rice Science | Year: 2011

The effects of mulching mode on population physiology and ecology of rice were studied using a combination P88S/1128 as the material under three mulching cultivation modes including plastic film mulching, straw mulching and liquid film mulching, as well as bare cultivation (control). The results indicated that mulching mode had significant effects on micro-meteorological factors and individual growth of rice, as shown by an increase of relative humidity, a better internal micro-meteorological environment of rice population, a significant reduction under the rice canopy temperature, especially during high-temperature periods. Rice plants under mulching cultivation conditions displayed a stronger transpiration and lower leaf temperature, thereby improving the ability of anti-high temperature stress and markedly increasing the photosynthetic rate. Furthermore, the yield components of rice were significantly optimized under mulching cultivation, of which with plastic film mulching displayed the highest grain number per panicle and seed-setting rate, and a yield increase of 16.81% compared with the control; and with straw mulching displayed an increase of effective panicle number and a 9.59% increase of total yield compared to the control. © 2011 China National Rice Research Institute. Source

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