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Zhao Y.,PLA Fourth Military Medical University | Wang W.J.,PLA Fourth Military Medical University | Guan S.,Zhengzhou University | Li H.L.,Henan Tumor Hospital | And 10 more authors.
Annals of Oncology | Year: 2013

Background: Data on the efficacy and safety of sorafenib in combination with transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) in patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) are lacking. Patients and methods: In this multicenter retrospective study, 222 consecutive HCC patients receiving combination therapy were enrolled between June 2008 and July 2011. Results: Chronic hepatitis B was the predominant cause of HCC (86%). Eighty percent patients were at Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer (BCLC) stage C, and 86% patients were in Child-Pugh (CP) A class. The overall median survival was 12 months (95% CI 10.1-13.9). The overall incidence of adverse events (AEs) was 87%. In 177 BCLC-C patients, performance status, the number of HCC nodules, Child-Pugh score and macrovascular invasion were significantly associated with overall survival (OS) and were included in the final risk scores (R), where R = 5 × (vascular invasion: 0 if no, 1 yes) + 6 × (CP: 0 if A, 1 if B) + 7 × (no. of lesions: 0 if 1-2, 1 =3) + 8 × (Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group, ECOG: 0 if 0, 1 =1). Conclusions: Sorafenib in combination with TACE should be considered a safe and effective therapy for advanced HCC. Further validation of the new subgroup of BCLC-C stage is warranted in an independent patient cohort. © The Author 2013. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the European Society for Medical Oncology. All rights reserved. Source

Li X.,Foshan University | Xu Q.,Thomas Jefferson University | Wu Y.,Central South University | Li J.,Hunan Provincial Tumor Hospital | And 3 more authors.
Carcinogenesis | Year: 2014

Cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) have been described to play critical roles in initiation, progression and metastasis of various cancers. However, the involvement of CAFs in oral cancer (OC) has not been well addressed. In this study, we demonstrate that CAFs, when cocultured with OC cells (OCCs), produce high levels of chemokine (C-C motif) ligand 2 (CCL2) and, subsequently, enhance endogenous reactive oxygen species production in cells. Oxidative stress stimulates expression of cell cycle progression proteins in OCCs, leading to promotion of OCC proliferation, migration, invasion and, OC tumor growth. On the other hand, oxidative stress triggered the activation of nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-κB) and STAT3 in CAFs, resulting in accelerating CCL2 expression. In this way, CAFs-OCCs coculture creates a favorable cytokine-rich microenvironment, beneficial for both CAFs and OCCs. In addition, upregulation of CCL2 expression has been observed in oral squamous cell carcinoma tumors and patient plasma. We also showed that inhibition of CCL2 reduced OC tumor burden in mice. Therefore, our data suggested that CCL2 represents a potential therapeutic target for treatment of OC. © The Author 2014. Published by Oxford University Press. All rights reserved. For Permissions, please email: journals.permissions@oup.com. Source

Zhao S.,Central South University | Wu J.,Hunan Provincial Tumor Hospital | Zhang L.,Central South University | Ai Y.,Central South University
Molecular Medicine Reports | Year: 2014

The aim of the present study was to explore the regulatory mechanism of heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) expression induced by sevoflurane (Sevo) in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced acute lung injury (ALI). Sprague-Dawley rats were divided randomly into six groups: (A) Control, (B) 2.4% Sevo only, (C) LY294002 (PI3K inhibitor) only, (D) LPS + 2.4% Sevo, (E) LY294002 + LPS + 2.4% Sevo and (F) LPS only. The pathological changes in wet/dry weight ratio (W/D), the activities of superoxide dismutase, myeloperoxidase (MPO), malondialdehyde, and HO-1, as well as the expression of intercellular adhesion molecule (ICAM-1), HO-1, phospho-phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (pPI3K) and phospho-Akt (pAkt) were recorded. Sevo post-conditioning was able to effectively protect from ALI with decreasing pathomorphological scores, MPO activity, W/D and the mRNA and protein expression levels of ICAM-1. Sevo promotes HO-1 expression via the PI3K/protein kinase B (PI3K/Akt) pathway with activation of pPI3K and pAkt. Inhibition of the PI3K/Akt pathway by LY294002 partly eliminates the protective effects of Sevo. It is concluded that Sevo post-conditioning has a vital role in inducing the upregulation of HO-1 expression via the PI3K/Akt pathway to alleviate ALI. Source

Feng X.,Chongqing Medical University | Xu R.,Hunan Provincial Tumor Hospital | Du X.,PLA Fourth Military Medical University | Dou K.,Xijing University | And 9 more authors.
American Journal of Gastroenterology | Year: 2014

OBJECTIVES:The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of combined therapy using Sorafenib and radiofrequency ablation (RFA) with curative intent for all detectable lesions in patients with Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer (BCLC) Stage 0-B1 hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).METHODS:One hundred and twenty-eight patients with HCC from 12 centers were enrolled in this retrospective study; 64 patients who received Sorafenib plus RFA (Sorafenib-RFA) were compared with a control group treated with RFA alone. The two patient groups were selected with a predefined criterion and matched in terms of their clinical and tumor characteristics at baseline. The primary end point of the study was the incidence of post-RFA HCC recurrence. Secondary end points were overall survival (OS) and treatment toxicity.RESULTS:During a median follow-up of 134.1 weeks, 49 patients died and 79 survived. The 1-, 2-, and 3-year cumulative incidences of post-RFA recurrence were 40.5%, 62.9%, and 74.5%, respectively, in the Sorafenib-RFA group, and 62.8%, 85.4%, and 92.7%, respectively, in the RFA group. The 1-, 2-, 3-, and 4-year OS rates were 85.6%, 64.0%, 58.7%, and 50.3%, respectively, in the Sorafenib-RFA group, and 80.7%, 47.2%, 30.9%, and 30.9%, respectively, in the RFA group. Thus, the Sorafenib-RFA group exhibited better survival than the RFA alone group.CONCLUSIONS:Combined therapy with Sorafenib-RFA was associated with a lower incidence of post-RFA recurrence and better OS than RFA alone in patients with BCLC Stage 0-B1 HCC. Although these findings suggest that Sorafenib and RFA is safe and effective for the treatment of early HCC, prospective and randomized controlled trials are needed to validate them. © 2014 by the American College of Gastroenterology. Source

Zhang Z.,Hunan University | Yang C.,Hunan University | Gao W.,Hunan University | Chen T.,Hunan University | And 3 more authors.
Cancer Letters | Year: 2015

The Forkhead Box A2 (FOXA2) transcription factor is required for embryonic development and for normal functions of multiple adult tissues, in which the maintained expression of FOXA2 is usually related to preventing the progression of malignant transformation. In this study, we found that FOXA2 prevented the epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) in human breast cancer. We observed a strong correlation between the expression levels of FOXA2 and the epithelial phenotype. Knockdown of FOXA2 promoted the mesenchymal phenotype, whereas stable overexpression of FOXA2 attenuated EMT in breast cancer cells. FOXA2 was found to endogenously bind to and stimulate the promoter of E-cadherin that is crucial for epithelial phenotype of the tumor cells. Meanwhile, FOXA2 prevented EMT of breast cancer cells by repressing the expression of EMT-related transcription factor ZEB2 through recruiting a transcriptional corepressor TLE3 to the ZEB2 promoter. The stable overexpression of FOXA2 abolished metastasis of breast cancer cells in vivo. This study confirmed that FOXA2 inhibited EMT in breast cancer cells by regulating the transcription of EMT-related genes such as E-cadherin and ZEB2. © 2015 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. Source

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