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Wang Z.,Eighth Hospital of Changsha | Sun J.,Sun Yat Sen University | Feng Y.,University of South China | Tian X.,Hunan Province Geriatric Hospital | And 2 more authors.
Tumor Biology | Year: 2016

Although the great progress has been made in diagnosis and therapeutic in lung cancer, it induces the most cancer death worldwide in both males and females. Chemokines, which have chemotactic abilities, contain up to 50 family members. By binding to G protein-coupled receptors (GPCR), holding seven-transmembrane domain, they function in immune cell trafficking and regulation of cell proliferation, differentiation, activation, and migration, homing under both physiologic and pathologic conditions. The alpha-chemokine receptor CXCR4 for the alpha-chemokine stromal cell-derived-factor-1 (SDF-1) is most widely expressed by tumors. In addition to human tissues of the bone marrow, liver, adrenal glands, and brain, the CXC chemokine SDF-1 or CXCL12 is also highly expressed in lung cancer tissues and is associated with lung metastasis. Lung cancer cells have the capabilities to utilize and manipulate the CXCL12/CXCR system to benefit growth and distant spread. CXCL12/CXCR4 axis is a major culprit for lung cancer and has a crucial role in lung cancer initiation and progression by activating cancer stem cell. This review provides an evaluation of CXCL12/CXCR4 as the potential therapeutic target for lung cancers; it also focuses on the synergistic effects of inhibition of CXCL12/CXCR4 axis and immunotherapy as well as chemotherapy. Together, CXCL12/CXCR4 axis can be a potential therapeutic target for lung cancers and has additive effects with immunotherapy. © 2016 International Society of Oncology and BioMarkers (ISOBM)

Yan J.-Q.,Affiliated Hospital of Shaoyang Medical College | Tan C.-Z.,First Peoples Hospital of Shaoyang City | Tan C.-Z.,University of South China | Wu J.-H.,Nanhua University | And 8 more authors.
Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry | Year: 2013

To investigate the effects of neopterin on ABCA1 expression and cholesterol efflux in human THP-1 macrophage-derived foam cells, and to explore the role of the liver X receptor alpha (LXRα) involved. In the present study, THP-1 cells were pre-incubated with ox-LDL to become foam cells. The protein and mRNA expression were examined by Western blot assays and real-time quantitative PCR, respectively. Liquid scintillation counting and high performance liquid chromatography assays were used to test cellular cholesterol efflux and cholesterol content. Neopterin decreased ABCA1 expression and cholesterol efflux in a time- and concentration-dependent manner in THP-1 macrophage-derived foam cells, and the LXRα siRNA can reverse the inhibitory effects induced by neopterin. Neoterin has a negative regulation on ABCA1 expression via the LXRα signaling pathway, which suggests the aggravated effects of neopterin on atherosclerosis. © 2013 Springer Science+Business Media New York.

Guo L.-J.,Central South University | Liao L.,Central South University | Yang L.,Hunan Province Geriatric Hospital | Li Y.,Central South University | Jiang T.-J.,Central South University
Experimental Cell Research | Year: 2014

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play important roles in osteoclastogenesis and bone resorption. In the present study, we found that miR-125a was dramatically down-regulated during macrophage colony stimulating factor (M-CSF) and receptor activator of nuclear factor-κB ligand (RANKL) induced osteoclastogenesis of circulating CD14+ peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs). Overexpression of miR-125a in CD14+ PBMCs inhibited osteoclastogenesis, while inhibition of miR-125a promoted osteoclastogenesis. TNF receptor-associated factor 6 (TRAF6), a transduction factor for RANKL/RANK/NFATc1 signal, was confirmed to be a target of miR-125a. EMSA and ChIP assays confirmed that NFATc1 bound to the promoter of the miR-125a. Overexpression of NFATc1 inhibited miR-125a transcription, and block of NFATc1 expression attenuated RANKL-regulated miR-125a transcription. Here, we reported that miR-125a played a biological function in osteoclastogenesis through a novel TRAF6/ NFATc1/miR-125a regulatory feedback loop. It suggests that regulation of miR-125a expression may be a potential strategy for ameliorating metabolic disease. © 2013 Elsevier Inc.

Gao L.-C.,Cancer Institute | Wang D.,Cancer Institute | Liu F.-Q.,Cancer Institute | Huang Z.-Y.,Cancer Institute | And 7 more authors.
European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology | Year: 2015

Purpose: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the association between variants in prostaglandin-endoperoxide synthase 1 (PTGS1), prostaglandin F (2α) receptor (PTGFR), and multidrug resistance protein 4 (MRP4) genes and intraocular pressure (IOP) response to latanoprost in Chinese patients with primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG). Methods: The IOP response to latanoprost was evaluated by percent IOP reduction (%ΔIOP) in the treated eye with the formula %ΔIOP=(Baseline IOP values-IOP values post-treatment)/Baseline IOP valuesx100 %. Polymorphisms in PTGS1 (rs3842787 and rs10306114), PTGFR (rs3753380 and rs3766355), and MRP4 (rs11568658 and rs11568668) genes were detected by direct DNA sequencing. The differences among %ΔIOP of genotypes or haplotypes were obtained by use of the Mann-Whitney U test. Association analyses were performed by multiple linear regression analysis. Results: Latanoprost were prescribed to 63 subjects, 60 of which met the inclusion/exclusion criteria for the current study. Notably, the %ΔIOP in the rs11568658 GT heterozygous genotype was 10.4 %ΔIOP lower than that of GG homozygous wild-type on day 7 (15.7±2.52 vs. 26.1±2.88, P=0.003), and the corresponding results in the rs10306114 AG heterozygous genotype and AT haplotype constructed by rs3753380 and rs3766355 on day 7 were 7.2 and 10.3%ΔIOP (P<0.05). Interestingly, similar results were also observed on day 30 (P=0.008, P=0.006, and P=0.002, respectively). Multiple regression analysis showed that heterozygous genotypes of rs10306114, rs11568658, and carrier of AT haplotype were significantly correlated with the lower %ΔIOP. On day 30, the above variations explained 9.9, 10.7, and 17.7%of the total variability of %ΔIOP in the Chinese POAG patients, respectively. Conclusion: rs10306114, rs3753380, rs3766355, and rs11568658 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) correlate with a response to latanoprost treatment in patients with POAG. These SNPs may be important determinants of variability in response to latanoprost. © Springer-Verlag 2014.

Tan S.-X.,Central South University | Hu R.-C.,Hunan Province Geriatric Hospital | Liu J.-J.,Hunan Province Geriatric Hospital | Tan Y.-L.,Hunan Province Geriatric Hospital | Liu W.-E.,Central South University
International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Pathology | Year: 2014

Aims: To investigate the changes of expression and methylation status of PRDM2, PRDM5, PRDM16 in lung cancer cells after treatment with demethylation agent. Methods: A549 (lung adenocarcinoma cell line), HTB-182 (lung squamous cell carcinoma cell line) and HBE (normal bronchial cell line) were treated with 5-aza-2dC. The methylation state of PRDM2, PRDM5, PRDM16 was detected by MSP. The expression of PRDM2, PRDM5, PRDM16 was detected by RT-PCR and Western blot analysis. Cell growth was detected by MTT assay. Results: 5-aza-2-dC reduced the methylation of PRDM2, PRDM5, PRDM16 gene in A549 and HTB-182 cells but not in HBE cells. Consistently, 5-aza-2dC increased mRNA and protein expression of PRDM2, PRDM5, PRDM16 in A549 and HTB-182 cells but not in HBE cells. Furthermore, 5-aza-2dC inhibited the growth of A549 and HTB-182 cells but not HBE cells. Conclusions: PRDM2, PRDM5, PRDM16 promoters are methylated and their expression is suppressed in lung cancer cells. Demethylation drug 5-aza-2dC could upregulate the expression of PRDM2, PRDM5, PRDM16 and suppress lung cancer cell growth. 5-aza-2dC has potential to be used for lung cancer therapy by epigenetic mechanism.

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