Hunan Province Cooperation Innovation Center for Molecular Target New Drug Study

Hengyang, China

Hunan Province Cooperation Innovation Center for Molecular Target New Drug Study

Hengyang, China
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Wang S.-Y.,Central South University | Wang S.-Y.,Hunan Province Cooperation Innovation Center for Molecular Target New Drug Study | Duan K.-M.,Central South University | Tan X.-F.,Central South University | And 13 more authors.
Journal of Affective Disorders | Year: 2017

Background New conceptualizations of depression have emphasized the role of the kynurenine pathway (KP) in the pathogenesis of postpartum depressive symptoms (PDS). Kynurenine 3-monooxygenase (KMO) is a rate-limiting enzyme of the KP, where it catalyzes the conversion of kynurenine (KYN) to 3-hydroxykynurenine (3-HK). Previous work indicates that KMO is closely linked to the pathophysiology of depressive disorders. The purpose of this study is to investigate whether variations in the KMO gene affect PDS development after cesarean section. Methods A total of 710 Chinese women receiving cesarean section were enrolled in this study. PDS was determined by an Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) score ≥13. Subsequently, 24 women with PDS and 48 matched women without PDS were randomly selected for investigation of perinatal serum concentrations of KYN, 3-HK and the 3-HK/KYN ratio. The 3-HK/KYN ratio indicates the activity of KMO. In addition, 6 single nucleotide polymorphisms of the KMO gene were examined. Following this genotyping, 36 puerperant women carrying the KMO rs1053230 AG genotype and 72 matched puerperant women carrying the KMO rs1053230 GG genotype were selected for comparisons of KYN, 3-HK and 3-HK/KYN ratio levels. Results The results show the incidence of PDS in the Chinese population to be 7.3%, with PDS characterized by increased serum 3-HK concentration and 3-HK/KYN ratio, versus matched postpartum women without PDS (P<0.05). Furthermore, polymorphisms of KMO rs1053230 are significantly associated with the incidence of PDS (P<0.05). The serum concentrations of 3-HK and the 3-HK/KYN ratio in postpartum women carrying the KMO rs1053230 AG genotype are significantly higher than those in matched postpartum women carrying the KMO rs1053230 GG genotype. Conclusions The presented data highlight the contribution of alterations in the KP to the pathogenesis of postpartum depression. Heightened KMO activity, including as arising from KMO rs1053230 G/A genetic variations, are indicated as one possible mechanism driving the biological underpinnings of PDS. © 2017 Elsevier B.V.

Li H.,Central South University | Ma S.-Q.,Central South University | Huang J.,Central South University | Chen X.-P.,Central South University | And 3 more authors.
Oncotarget | Year: 2017

Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the 3rd most common malignancies worldwide. Metastasis is responsible for more than 90% CRC patients' death. Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are an important class of transcribed RNA molecules greater than 200 nucleotides in length. With the development of whole genome sequencing technologies, they have been gained more attention. Accumulating evidences suggest that abnormal expression of lncRNAs in diverse diseases are involved in various biological functions such as proliferation, apoptosis, metastasis and differentiation by acting as epigenetic, splicing, transcriptional or post-transcriptional regulators. Aberrant expression of lncRNAs has also been found in CRC. Besides, recent studies have indicated that lncRNAs play important roles in tumourigenesis and cancer metastasis. They participate in the process of metastasis by activing or inhibiting the metastatic pathways. However, their functions on the development of cancer metastasis are poorly understood. In this review, we highlight the findings of roles for lncRNAs in CRC metastasis and review the metastatic pathways of lncRNAs leading to cancer metastasis in CRC, including escape of apoptosis, epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), angiogenesis and invasion, migration and proliferation. Furthermore, we also discuss the potential clinical application of lncRNAs in CRC as diagnostic markers and therapeutic targets. © Li et al.

Mao X.-Y.,Central South University | Mao X.-Y.,Hunan Province Cooperation Innovation Center for Molecular Target New Drug Study | Cao Y.-G.,Harbin Medical University | Ji Z.,Harbin Medical University | And 5 more authors.
Progress in Neuro-Psychopharmacology and Biological Psychiatry | Year: 2015

Topiramate (TPM) was previously found to have neuroprotection against neuronal injury in epileptic and ischemic models. However, whether TPM protects against glutamate-induced excitotoxicity in hippocampal neurons is elusive. Our present work aimed to evaluate the protective effect of TPM against glutamate toxicity in hippocampal neurons and further figure out the potential molecular mechanisms. The in vitro glutamate excitotoxic model was prepared with 125. μM glutamate for 20. min. 3-(4,5-Dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyl-tetrazolium bromide (MTT) analysis and Hoechst 33342 staining were conducted to detect neuronal survival. The protein expressions of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), TrkB, mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) cascade (including extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK), c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) and p38 MAPK), cyclic AMP response element binding protein (CREB), Bcl-2, Bax and β-actin were detected via Western blot assay. Our results demonstrated that TPM protected hippocampal neurons from glutamate toxicity. Meanwhile, the pretreatment of TPM for 10. min significantly prevented the down-regulation of BDNF and the phosphorylation of TrkB. Furthermore, the elevation of phosphorylated EKR expression was significantly inhibited after blockade of TrkB by TrkB IgG, while no alterations of phosphorylated JNK and p38 MAPK were found in the cultured hippocampal neurons. Besides, it was also found that the enhanced phosphorylation of CREB was evidently reversed under excitotoxic conditions after treating with U0126 (the selective inhibitor of ERK). The protein level of Bcl-2 was also observed to be remarkably increased after TPM treatment. In conclusion, these findings implicate that TPM exerts neuroprotective effects against glutamate excitotoxicity in hippocampal neurons and its protection may be modulated through BDNF/TrkB-dependent ERK pathway. © 2015 Elsevier Inc.

Mao X.-Y.,Central South University | Mao X.-Y.,Hunan Province Cooperation Innovation Center for Molecular Target New Drug Study | Zhou H.-H.,Central South University | Zhou H.-H.,Hunan Province Cooperation Innovation Center for Molecular Target New Drug Study | And 4 more authors.
Cellular and Molecular Neurobiology | Year: 2015

Oxidative glutamate toxicity is involved in diverse neurological disorders including epilepsy and ischemic stroke. Our present work aimed to assess protective effects of huperzine A (HupA) against oxidative glutamate toxicity in a mouse-derived hippocampal HT22 cells and explore its potential mechanisms. Cell survival and cell injury were analyzed by MTT method and LDH release assay, respectively. The production of ROS was measured by detection kits. Protein expressions of BDNF, phosphor-TrkB (p-TrkB), TrkB, phosphor-Akt (p-Akt), Akt, phosphor-mTOR (p-mTOR), mTOR, phosphor-p70s6 (p-p70s6) kinase, p70s6 kinase, Bcl-2, Bax, and β-actin were assayed via Western blot analysis. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was employed to measure the contents of nerve growth factor, brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), neurotrophin-3 (NT-3), and neurotrophin-4 (NT-4). Our findings illustrated 10 μM HupA for 24 h significantly protected HT22 from cellular damage and suppressed the generation of ROS. Additionally, after treating with LY294002 or wortmannin [the selective inhibitors of phosphatidylinositol 3 kinase (PI3K)], HupA dramatically prevented the down-regulations of p-Akt, p-mTOR, and p-p70s6 kinase in HT22 cells under oxidative toxicity. Furthermore, it was observed that the protein levels of BDNF and p-TrkB were evidently enhanced after co-treatment with HupA and glutamate in HT22 cells. The elevations of p-Akt and p-mTOR were abrogated under toxic conditions after blockade of TrkB by TrkB IgG. Cellular apoptosis was significantly suppressed (decreased caspase-3 activity and enhanced Bcl-2 protein level) after HupA treatment. It was concluded that HupA attenuated oxidative glutamate toxicity in murine hippocampal HT22 cells via activating BDNF/TrkB-dependent PI3K/Akt/mTOR signaling pathway. © 2015 Springer Science+Business Media New York

Yuan X.-Q.,Central South University | Peng L.,Central South University | Zeng W.-J.,Central South University | Jiang B.-Y.,Central South University | And 3 more authors.
Medicine (United States) | Year: 2016

DNA (cytosine-5)-methyltransferase 3 alpha (DNMT3A) mutations were widely believed to be independently associated with inferior prognosis in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients. As dominant missense alterations in DNMT3A mutations, R882 mutations cause the focal hypomethylation phenotype. However, there remains debate on the influence of R882 mutations onAMLprognosis. Thus, this meta-analysis aimed at further illustrating the prognostic power of DNMT3A R882 mutations in AML patients. Eligible studies were identified from 5 databases containing PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, Clinical Trials, and the Cochrane Library (up to October 25, 2015). Effects (hazard ratios [HRs] with 95% confidence interval [CI]) of relapse-free survival (RFS) and overall survival (OS) were pooled to estimate the prognostic power of mutant DNMT3A R882 in overall patients and subgroups of AML patients. Eight competent studies with 4474 AML patients incluDing 694 with DNMT3A R882 mutations were included. AML patients with DNMT3A R882 mutations showed significant shorter RFS (HR=1.40, 95% CI=1.24-1.59, P<0.001) and OS (HR=1.47, 95% CI=1.17-1.86, P=0.001) in the overall population. DNMT3A R882 mutations predicted worse RFS and OS among the subgroups of patients under age 60 (RFS: HR=1.44, 95% CI=1.25-1.66, P<0.001; OS: HR=1.48, 95% CI=1.15-1.90, P=0.002), over age 60 (RFS: HR=2.03, 95% CI=1.40-2.93, P<0.001; OS: HR=1.85, 95% CI=1.36-2.53, P<0.001), cytogenetically normal (CN)-AML (RFS: HR=1.52, 95% CI=1.26-1.83, P<0.001; OS: HR=1.67, 95% CI=1.16-2.41, P=0.006), and non-CN-AML (RFS: HR=1.96, 95% CI=1.20-3.21, P=0.006; OS: HR=2.51, 95% CI=1.52-4.15, P=0.0038). DNMT3A R882 mutations possessed significant unfavorable prognostic influence on RFS and OS in AML patients. Copyright © 2016 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.

Zhang D.-Y.,Central South University | Yuan X.-Q.,Central South University | Yan H.,Central South University | Cao S.,Central South University | And 5 more authors.
Pharmacogenomics | Year: 2016

Aim: DCK is a rate-limiting enzyme in cytarabine activation. rs4643786 and rs67437265 (P122S) variants are reported to affect DCK activity. Patients & methods: A total of 282 newly diagnosed acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients were treated with cytarabine combined chemotherapy and genotyped for rs4643786 and rs67437265. Prognosis data were obtained through regular follow-up. DCK mRNA expression was detected in pretreatment blood or bone marrow mononuclear cells. Results: rs4643786 showed strong linkage disequilibrium with rs67437265. rs4643786 CT heterozygotes showed significantly higher complete remission rate (p = 0.028), superior overall survival (p = 0.006) and relapse-free survival (p = 0.020) than wild-type TT homozygotes. rs4643786 polymorphism was an independent predictor for AML prognosis. Conclusion: DCK rs4643786 may serve as an independent predictor of drug response and AML outcome. © 2016 Future Medicine Ltd.

Yuan X.-Q.,Central South University | Zhang D.-Y.,Central South University | Yan H.,Central South University | Yang Y.-L.,Central South University | And 8 more authors.
Oncotarget | Year: 2016

DNMT3A mutation is known as a recurrent event in acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) patients. However, association between DNMT3A genetic polymorphisms and AML patients' outcomes is unknown. DNMT3A 11 SNPs (rs11695471, rs2289195, rs734693, rs2276598, rs1465825, rs7590760, rs13401241, rs7581217, rs749131, rs41284843 and rs7560488) were genotyped in 344 diagnostic non-FAB-M3 AML patients from southern China. Patients underwent combined chemotherapy with cytarabine and anthracyclines. DNMT3A mRNA expression was analyzed in PBMCs from randomly selected AML patients. Multivariate analysis and combined genotype analysis showed that rs2276598 was associated with increased while rs11695471 and rs734693 were associated with decreased chemosensitivity (P < 0.05), while rs11695471 (worse for OS), rs2289195 (favorable for OS and DFS) and rs2276598 (favorable for DFS) were significantly associated with disease prognosis (P < 0.05). In conclusion, DNMT3A polymorphisms may be potential predictive markers for AML patients' outcomes, which might improve prognostic stratification of AML.

Gong W.-J.,Central South University | Gong W.-J.,Hunan Province Cooperation Innovation Center for Molecular Target New Drug Study | Zheng W.,Central South University | Xiao L.,Central South University | And 11 more authors.
Oncotarget | Year: 2016

Resistin levels have been reported to be abnormal in obesity-related cancer patients with epidemiological studies yielding inconsistent results. Therefore, a metaanalysis was performed to assess the association between blood resistin levels and obesity-related cancer risk. A total of 13 studies were included for pooling ORs analysis. High resistin levels were found in cancer patients (OR= 1.20, 95% CI= 1.10-1.30). After excluding one study primarily contributing to between-study heterogeneity, the association between resistin levels and cancer risk was still significant (OR=1.18, 95% CI = 1.09-1.28). Stratification analysis found resistin levels were not associated with cancer risk in prospective studies. Meta-regression analysis identified factors such as geographic area, detection assay, or study design as confounders to betweenstudy variance. The result of 18 studies of pooling measures on SMD analysis was that high resistin levels were associated with increased cancer risk (SMD = 0.94, 95% CI = 0.63-1.25), but not in the pooling SMD analysis of prospective studies. Except for the studies identified as major contributors to heterogeneity by Galbraith plot, resistin levels were still higher in cancer patients (SMD = 0.75, 95% CI = 0.63-0.87) in retrospective studies. Meta-regression analysis found factors, such as geographic area, BMI-match, size, and quality score, could account for 66.7% between-study variance in pooling SMD analysis of retrospective studies. Publication bias was not found in pooling ORs analysis. Our findings indicated high resistin levels were associated with increased obesity-related cancer risk. However, it may not be a predictor.

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