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Zhan M.,Shen Zhen Childrens Hospital | Wen F.,Shen Zhen Childrens Hospital | Liu L.,Jiangxi Provincial Cancer Hospital | Chen Z.,Shen Zhen Childrens Hospital | And 3 more authors.
Tumor Biology | Year: 2016

Lung cancer is the most common cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide, and non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) accounts for 80 to 85 % of all lung cancer. Although the standard treatment regimen has been established, long-term survival for NSCLC patients is still generally poor. The histone demethylase Jumonji domain containing 1A (JMJD1A) has been proposed as an oncogene in several types of human cancer, but its clinical significance and functional roles in NSCLC remain largely unclear. In the present study, JMJD1A was frequently upregulated in NSCLC compared with para-carcinoma tissues. JMJD1A knockdown significantly inhibited NSCLC cell growth, migration, and invasion in vitro and tumorigenesis in vivo. Further experiments demonstrated that JMJD1A knockdown could decrease the expression of EZH2, which has been shown to play a crucial role in the carcinogenesis of NSCLC and, in turn, increase the expression of anti-tumor microRNA let-7c. Also, let-7c directly targeted the 3′-untranslated regions of JMJD1A and EZH2. Taken together, JMJD1A could promote NSCLC tumorigenesis. JMJD1A/EZH2/let-7c constituted a feedback loop and might represent a promising therapeutic target for NSCLC. © 2016 International Society of Oncology and BioMarkers (ISOBM)

Cheng F.H.C.,National Chung Cheng University | Aguda B.D.,Disease Pathways LLC | Tsai J.-C.,National Chung Cheng University | Kochanczyk M.,Polish Academy of Sciences | And 8 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2014

Accumulating data indicate that cancer stem cells contribute to tumor chemoresistance and their persistence alters clinical outcome. Our previous study has shown that ovarian cancer may be initiated by ovarian cancer initiating cells (OCIC) characterized by surface antigen CD44 and c-KIT (CD117). It has been experimentally demonstrated that a microRNA, namely miR-193a, targets c-KIT mRNA for degradation and could play a crucial role in ovarian cancer development. How miR-193a is regulated is poorly understood and the emerging picture is complex. To unravel this complexity, we propose a mathematical model to explore how estrogen-mediated up-regulation of another target of miR-193a, namely E2F6, can attenuate the function of miR-193a in two ways, one through a competition of E2F6 and c-KIT transcripts for miR-193a, and second by binding of E2F6 protein, in association with a polycomb complex, to the promoter of miR-193a to downregulate its transcription. Our model predicts that this bimodal control increases the expression of c-KITand that the second mode of epigenetic regulation is required to generate a switching behavior in c-KIT and E2F6 expressions. Additional analysis of the TCGA ovarian cancer dataset demonstrates that ovarian cancer patients with low expression of EZH2, a polycomb-group family protein, show positive correlation between E2F6 and c-KIT. We conjecture that a simultaneous EZH2 inhibition and anti-estrogen therapy can constitute an effective combined therapeutic strategy against ovarian cancer. © 2014 Cheng et al.

Guo Z.,Central South University | Guo Z.,Hunan Key Laboratory of Pharmacogenetics | Shu Y.,University of Maryland, Baltimore | Zhou H.,Central South University | And 4 more authors.
Carcinogenesis | Year: 2014

Radiogenomics is the whole genome application of radiogenetics, which focuses on uncovering the underlying genetic causes of individual variation in sensitivity to radiation. There is a growing consensus that radiosensitivity is a complex, inherited polygenic trait, dependent on the interaction of many genes involved in multiple cell processes. An understanding of the genes involved in processes such as DNA damage response and oxidative stress response, has evolved toward examination of how genetic variants, most often, single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), may influence interindividual radioresponse. Many experimental approaches, such as candidate SNP association studies, genome-wide association studies and massively parallel sequencing are being proposed to address these questions. We present a review focusing on recent advances in association studies of SNPs to radiotherapy response and discuss challenges and opportunities for further studies. We also highlight the clinical perspective of radiogenomics in the future of personalized treatment in radiation oncology. © The Author 2014.

Li H.,Central South University | Li H.,Hunan Key Laboratory of Pharmacogenetics | Jing X.,Central South University | Jing X.,Hunan Key Laboratory of Pharmacogenetics | And 4 more authors.
Journal of Central South University (Medical Sciences) | Year: 2013

Hyperlipidemia is one of the most important risk factors for atherosclerosis, coronary heart disease and other cardiovascular diseases. It is the main effect of lipid-lowering drugs to reduce the plasma low-density lipoprotein or to enhance high-density lipoprotein. Niemann-Pick Cl like 1 protein (NPClLl), acyl-coenzyme A: cholesterol acyltransferases (ACAT), ATP binding cassette transporter G member 5 and member 8 (ABCG5/G8), microsomal triglyceride transfer protein (MTP), monoacylglycerol acyltransferase, diacylglycerol acyltransferases (MAGT), peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR), farnesoid X receptor (FXR), and proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9) play key roles in the metabolism of lipid, which are regarded as the targets of anti-hyperlipidemia drugs and evidence for clinic choice of lipid-lowering drugs. These proteins are considered as breakthrough points for new lipid-lowering drug development.

Wen J.,Central South University | Wen J.,Hunan Key Laboratory of Pharmacogenetics | Zeng M.,Central South University | Shu Y.,University of Maryland, Baltimore | And 11 more authors.
Age | Year: 2015

Cisplatin (CDDP) nephrotoxicity is one of the most common side effects in cancer treatment, causing the disruption of chemotherapy. In this study, we analyzed the influence of nongenetic factors on CDDP-induced nephrotoxiciy using the data from 182 CDDP-treated and 52 carboplatin (CBP)-treated patients. The mean change of eGFR (100 % to baseline) in CDDP-treated patients was −9.2 %, which was significantly lower than that in the population with CBP therapy. By using the chi-squared test and multivariate logistic regression analysis, age (≥50 years) is found associated with CDDP-induced nephrotoxicity, with odds ratio (OR) of 9.167 and 11.771, respectively. Three- and 18-month-old mice were employed to study the age-dependent susceptibility of CDDP-induced nephrotoxicity. Biochemical parameters, histopathogical examination, and mRNA biomarkers indicated that old mice were subjected to more severe kidney injury. In addition, old mice accumulated more CDDP in kidney than young mice, and the protein level of CDDP efflux transporter, MATE1, in aged mice kidney was 35 % of that in young mice. Moreover, inflammatory receptor TLR4 was higher in the kidney of old mice, indicating the alteration of inflammatory signaling in old mice. After CDDP administration, the induced alterations of TNF-α, ICAM-1, and TLR4 were more extensive in old mice. To summarize, aging increased the susceptibility of CDDP-induced renal function decline or nephrotoxicity. © 2015, The Author(s).

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