Hunan Collaborative Innovation Center for Utilization of Botanical Functional Ingredients

Changsha, China

Hunan Collaborative Innovation Center for Utilization of Botanical Functional Ingredients

Changsha, China
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Hussain T.,CAS Institute of Subtropical Agriculture | Hussain T.,University of Chinese Academy of Sciences | Tan B.,CAS Institute of Subtropical Agriculture | Tan B.,Hunan Collaborative Innovation Center for Utilization of Botanical Functional Ingredients | And 6 more authors.
Animal Nutrition | Year: 2017

Polyamines such as putrescine, spermidine, spermine and agmatine are aliphatic polycationic compounds present in all living cells, and are derived from amino acids, intestinal bacteria, exfoliated enterocytes and supported from diet. Polyamines as the key compounds play essential role in cell proliferation, growth and differentiation. They also exert significant effects on embryonic development, implantation, embryonic diapause, placentation, angiogensis and fetal development. This review paper summarizes the functions of polyamines and embryo/fetus development and its regulatory mechanism which should help to provide some evidences for clinic. © 2017 Chinese Association of Animal Science and Veterinary Medicine


Hussain T.,CAS Institute of Subtropical Agriculture | Hussain T.,University of Chinese Academy of Sciences | Tan B.,CAS Institute of Subtropical Agriculture | Tan B.,Hunan Collaborative Innovation Center for Utilization of Botanical Functional Ingredients | And 5 more authors.
Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity | Year: 2016

Oxidative stress is viewed as an imbalance between the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and their elimination by protective mechanisms, which can lead to chronic inflammation. Oxidative stress can activate a variety of transcription factors, which lead to the differential expression of some genes involved in inflammatory pathways. The inflammation triggered by oxidative stress is the cause of many chronic diseases. Polyphenols have been proposed to be useful as adjuvant therapy for their potential anti-inflammatory effect, associated with antioxidant activity, and inhibition of enzymes involved in the production of eicosanoids. This review aims at exploring the properties of polyphenols in anti-inflammation and oxidation and the mechanisms of polyphenols inhibiting molecular signaling pathways which are activated by oxidative stress, as well as the possible roles of polyphenols in inflammation-mediated chronic disorders. Such data can be helpful for the development of future antioxidant therapeutics and new anti-inflammatory drugs. © 2016 Tarique Hussain et al.


Xiao D.,Hunan Agricultural University | Xiao D.,Hunan Collaborative Innovation Center for Utilization of Botanical Functional Ingredients | Zeng L.,Jiangxi Agricultural University | Yao K.,Hunan Agricultural University | And 7 more authors.
Amino Acids | Year: 2016

l-Glutamine is a nutritionally semi-essential amino acid for proper growth in most cells and tissues, and plays an important role in the determination and guarding of the normal metabolic processes of the cells. With the help of transport systems, extracellular l-glutamine crosses the plasma membrane and is converted into alpha-ketoglutarate (AKG) through two pathways, namely, the glutaminase (GLS) I and II pathway. Reversely, AKG can be converted into glutamine by glutamate dehydrogenase (GDH) and glutamine synthetase (GS), or be converted into CO2 via the tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle and provide energy for the cells. Different steps of glutamine metabolism (the glutamine-AKG axis) are regulated by several factors, rendering the glutamine-AKG axis a potential target to counteract cancer. Moreover, intracellular glutamine plays an important role in cellular homeostasis not only as a precursor for protein synthesis, but also for its nutritional roles in cell growth, lipid metabolism, insulin secretion, and so on. The main objective of this review is to highlight the metabolic pathways of glutamine to AKG, with special emphasis on nutritional and therapeutic use of glutamine-AKG axis to improve the health and well-being of animals and humans. © 2016 Springer-Verlag Wien


Xiao D.,Hunan Agricultural University | Xiao D.,CAS Institute of Subtropical Agriculture | Xiao D.,Hunan Collaborative Innovation Center for Utilization of Botanical Functional Ingredients | Ren W.,CAS Institute of Subtropical Agriculture | And 9 more authors.
Journal of Functional Foods | Year: 2016

This study was conducted to explore the effect of chitosan supplementation on mouse intestinal microbiota and interleukin-17 (IL-17) expression. Chitosan supplementation reduced mouse body weight, associating with change of intestinal microbiota (i.e. lowering the ratio of Firmicutes: Bacteroidetes). In antibiotics treated mice, chitosan supplementation had little effect on mouse body weight. Chitosan supplementation decreased expression of IL-17 in mouse jejunum and inhibited the mTOR pathway. In antibiotics treated mice, chitosan also reduced expression of IL-17 in the jejunum. Activation of mTOR signalling in mouse increased expression of IL-17 in the jejunum in the context of chitosan supplementation. We conclude that chitosan supplementation reduces mouse body weight through the intestinal microbiota, and inhibits intestinal IL-17 expression through the mTOR signalling. The discovery of this study suggests the potentials of chitosan as a functional supplement in intestinal health. © 2016 Elsevier Ltd.


Xiao D.,Hunan Agricultural University | Xiao D.,CAS Institute of Subtropical Agriculture | Xiao D.,Hunan Collaborative Innovation Center for Utilization of Botanical Functional Ingredients | Yin J.,CAS Institute of Subtropical Agriculture | And 7 more authors.
RSC Advances | Year: 2015

PCV2 is highly pathogenic, however, its effect on the serum amino acids profile is unknown. This study was conducted to explore the profile of amino acids in the serum in porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2) infected mice. The serum levels of amino acids were detected with isotope dilution liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry methods at 3, 7, 10 and 14 days post infection (DPI). Meanwhile, the expression of seven amino acids transporters (SLC6A14, SLC6A20, SLC7A5, SLC7A6, SLC7A7, SLC7A8, SLC7A9) in the jejunum was analyzed by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) at 3 and 7 DPI. Serum PCV2 load was also analyzed by quantitative PCR at 3, 7, 10 and 14 DPI. Serum levels of most amino acids, such as Pro, Orn, and Met, significantly (P < 0.05) increased at 3 DPI. However, most amino acids, including Asp, Sar, Arg, Hyl, Pro, Lys, Val, Ile and Leu, significantly (P < 0.05) decreased at 7 DPI. There was no significant difference for most amino acids at 10 and 14 DPI. PCV2 infection significantly (P < 0.05) decreased expression of SLC7A5 and SLC7A6 at 7 DPI. In conclusion, PCV2 infection affects the profile of amino acids in the serum and the expression of amino acids transporters in the intestine. © The Royal Society of Chemistry.


PubMed | The Third Hospital of Changsha, Xiangnan University, Hunan Collaborative Innovation Center for Utilization of Botanical Functional Ingredients and Hunan Agricultural University
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Pharmacological reports : PR | Year: 2015

Oxidative stress may affect PRMT/ADMA/DDAH (protein arginine methyltransferases/asymmetric dimethylarginine/dimethylarginine dimethylaminohydrolase) pathway to impair endothelial dysfunction. The present study was carried out to test the effect of icariin on endothelial function and the mechanisms responsible for this.Eighty mice at 12 weeks of age were separated randomly into four groups (n = 20): C57BL/6J control, untreated apolipoprotein E-deficient (ApoE(-/-)), two groups of icariin-treated (10 or 30 mg/kg body wt/day, intragastrically) ApoE(-/-). Primary human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) were randomly divided into 7 groups: control group, vehicle of icariin (10 mol/L) group, icariin (10 mol/L) group, lysophosphatidylcholine (LPC) (10 g/mL) group, LPC plus icariin (1 mol/L) group, LPC plus icariin (3 mol/L) group, and LPC plus icariin (10 mol/L) group.In ApoE(-/-) mice and primary HUVECs, icariin treatment decreased reactive oxygen species production, PRMT I expression, ADMA level, half-maximum effective concentration of ApoE(-/-) mice aortic rings. Icariin increased DDAH II expression, DDAH activity, maximal relaxation value and endothelium-dependent vasorelaxation in aortic rings from ApoE(-/-) mice (p < 0.05 or p < 0.01).The present results suggest that icariin regulates PRMT/ADMA/DDAH pathway to improve endothelial function.


Li G.,CAS Institute of Subtropical Agriculture | Li G.,University of Chinese Academy of Sciences | Li J.,CAS Institute of Subtropical Agriculture | Tan B.,CAS Institute of Subtropical Agriculture | And 9 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2015

The sodium-dependent neutral amino acid transporter 2 (SNAT2), which has dual transport/receptor functions, is well documented in eukaryotes and some mammalian systems, but has not yet been verified in piglets. The objective of this study was to investigate the characteristics and regulation of SNAT2 in the small intestine of piglets. The 1,521-bp porcine full cDNA sequence of SNAT2 (KC769999) from the small intestine of piglets was cloned. The open reading frame of cDNA encodes 506 deduced amino acid residues with a calculated molecular mass of 56.08 kDa and an isoelectric point (pI) of 7.16. Sequence alignment and phylogenetic analysis revealed that SNAT2 is highly evolutionarily conserved in mammals. SNAT2 mRNA can be detected in the duodenum, jejunum and ileum by real-time quantitative PCR. During the suckling period from days 1 to 21, the duodenum had the highest abundance of SNAT2 mRNA among the three segments of the small intestine. There was a significant decrease in the expression of SNAT2 mRNA in the duodenal and jejunal mucosa and in the expression of SNAT2 protein in the jejunal and ileal mucosa on day 1 after weaning (P < 0.05). Studies with enterocytes in vitro showed that amino acid starvation and supplementation with glutamate, arginine or leucine enhanced, while supplementation with glutamine reduced, SNAT2 mRNA expression (P < 0.05). These results regarding the characteristics and regulation of SNAT2 should help to provide some information to further clarify its roles in the absorption of amino acids and signal transduction in the porcine small intestine. © 2015 Li et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


Liu L.,Hunan Agricultural University | Liu L.,Hunan Collaborative Innovation Center for Utilization of Botanical Functional Ingredients | Liu L.,Hunan University of Science and Technology | Fu C.,Hunan Agricultural University | And 8 more authors.
Food and Function | Year: 2016

The aim of this study was to investigate whether supplementation with resveratrol could alleviate intestinal injuries and to explore how resveratrol regulates heat shock protein (HSP)70, HSP90, nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) and epidermal growth factor (EGF) expression in the jejunal mucosa of black-boned chickens under circular heat stress. A total of 300 black-boned chicks of 42-d-old were randomly assigned to five treatment groups. The positive control chickens were kept in a normal-temperature (NT, 24 ± 2 °C) chamber and fed with a basal diet. The other four groups were kept in a circular high-temperature (HT, 37 ± 2 °C) chamber for 8 h and fed a basal diet supplemented with 0, 200, 400, or 600 mg per kg of resveratrol for 15 days. The results showed that the heat-stress responses damaged the villus structures of the jejunum and ileum, resulting in shortened intestinal villi, deepened crypts, and a reduced villus height to crypt depth (V/C) ratio and decreased the numbers of goblet cells and lymphocytes. Heat stress also caused increased mRNA and protein expression of HSP70, HSP90 and NF-κB, and reduced EGF in the jejunal mucosa. Dietary supplementation with 400 mg per kg of resveratrol improved the villus morphology, increased the numbers of goblet cells and lymphocytes, attenuated the mRNA overexpression of HSP70, HSP90 and NF-κB on the 6th, 10th and 15th day of heat stress (P < 0.05), and activated the expression of EGF (P < 0.05) in the jejunal mucosa. Resveratrol reduced protein expression of HSP70, HSP90 and NF-κB in the jejunal villi after 15 days of heat stress, and increased EGF expression from the lamina propria toward the epithelial cells of the villi. These results suggest that dietary resveratrol offers a potential nutritional strategy to improve the intestinal morphology and alleviate jejunum mucosa injuries by modulating the mRNA and protein expression of HSPs, and the epithelial growth factor and transcription factor in black-boned chickens subjected to circular heat stress. © The Royal Society of Chemistry 2016.


Huang B.,CAS Institute of Subtropical Agriculture | Huang B.,University of Chinese Academy of Sciences | Xiao D.,Hunan Agricultural University | Xiao D.,Hunan Collaborative Innovation Center for Utilization of Botanical Functional Ingredients | And 13 more authors.
Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry | Year: 2016

Chitosan oligosaccharide (COS) is a degradation product of chitosan with antioxidative, anti-inflammatory, and antibacterial effects. This study was conducted to investigate the effects of dietary COS on the intestinal inflammatory response and the calcium-sensing receptor (CaSR) and nuclear transcription factor kappa B (NF-κB) signaling pathways that may be involved using a lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-challenged piglet model. A total of 40 weaned piglets were used in a 2 × 2 factorial design; the main factors were dietary treatment (basal or 300 μg/kg COS) and inflammatory challenge (LPS or saline). On the morning of days 14 and 21 after the initiation of treatment, the piglets were injected intraperitoneally with Escherichia coli LPS at 60 and 80 g/kg body weight or the same amount of sterilized saline, respectively. Blood and small intestine samples were collected on day 14 or 21, respectively. The results showed that piglets challenged with LPS have a significant decrease in average daily gain and gain:feed and histopathological injury in the jejunum and ileum, whereas dietary supplementation with COS significantly alleviated intestinal injury induced by LPS. Piglets fed the COS diet had lower serum concentrations of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α), interleukin (IL) 6, and IL-8 as well as lower intestinal abundances of pro-inflammatory cytokine mRNA but higher anti-inflammatory cytokine mRNA compared with piglets fed the basal diet among LPS-challenged piglets (p < 0.05). Dietary COS increased intestinal CaSR and PLCβ2 protein expressions in both saline- and LPS-treated piglets, but decreased p-NF-κB p65, IKKα/β, and IκB protein expressions in LPS-challenged piglets (p < 0.05). These findings indicate that COS has the potential to reduce the intestinal inflammatory response, which is concomitant with the activation of CaSR and the inhibition of NF-κB signaling pathways under an inflammatory stimulus. © 2015 American Chemical Society.


Hussain T.,CAS Institute of Subtropical Agriculture | Hussain T.,University of Chinese Academy of Sciences | Tan B.,CAS Institute of Subtropical Agriculture | Tan B.,Hunan Collaborative Innovation Center for Utilization of Botanical Functional Ingredients | And 6 more authors.
Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine | Year: 2016

Eucommia ulmoides (EU) (also known as "Du Zhong" in Chinese language) is a plant containing various kinds of chemical constituents such as lignans, iridoids, phenolics, steroids, flavonoids, and other compounds. These constituents of EU possess various medicinal properties and have been used in Chinese Traditional Medicine (TCM) as a folk drink and functional food for several thousand years. EU has several pharmacological properties such as antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, antiallergic, antimicrobial, anticancer, antiaging, cardioprotective, and neuroprotective properties. Hence, it has been widely used solely or in combination with other compounds to treat cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases, sexual dysfunction, cancer, metabolic syndrome, and neurological diseases. This review paper summarizes the various active ingredients contained in EU and their health-promoting properties, thus serving as a reference material for the application of EU. © 2016 Tarique Hussain et al.

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