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Wang Y.-L.,Shanghai JiaoTong University | Nie J.-T.,Shanghai JiaoTong University | Chen H.-M.,Hunan Academy of Agriculture science | Guo C.-L.,Shanghai JiaoTong University | And 4 more authors.
Theoretical and Applied Genetics | Year: 2016

Key message: Using map-based cloning ofTrilgene, we identified a homeodomain-leucine zipper gene involved in the initiation of multicellular trichomes (including the spines of fruit) in cucumber. Abstract: Fruit spines are a special type of trichome that impacts the quality and appearance of cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.) fruit. Scanning electron microscopy revealed that the trichome-less (tril) mutant originating from European greenhouse cucumber has a completely glabrous phenotype on cotyledons, hypocotyls, young leaves, fruits, and fruit stalks. Genetic analysis revealed that tril was inherited as a recessive allele at a single locus. Using 1058 F2 individuals derived from a cross between cucumber tril mutant CGN19839 and the micro-trichome (mict) mutant 06-2, tril was mapped to chromosome 6, and narrowed down to a 37.4 kb genomic region which carries seven predicted genes. Genetic and molecular analyses revealed that gene Cucsa.045360 is a possible candidate gene for the differentiation of epidermal cells to trichomes. It is a member of the class IV homeodomain-leucine zipper (HD-Zip IV) family and encodes homeodomain and START domain, sharing 66.7 % predicted amino acid sequence identity to PROTODERMAL FACTOR2 (PDF2) and 35.0 % to GLABRA2 (GL2) of Arabidopsis. The homeobox domain had changed amino acid sequence because of an insertion in tril mutant. The results of genetic analysis and transcriptome profiling indicated that the Tril gene had an epistatic effect on the Mict gene in trichome development. Phenotypes of the tril mutant such as glabrous fruits and female flowers at every node could be used in developing new cultivars. © 2015, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.


PubMed | Hunan Academy of Agriculture science and Shanghai JiaoTong University
Type: Journal Article | Journal: TAG. Theoretical and applied genetics. Theoretische und angewandte Genetik | Year: 2016

Using map-based cloning of Tril gene, we identified a homeodomain-leucine zipper gene involved in the initiation of multicellular trichomes (including the spines of fruit) in cucumber.Fruit spines are a special type of trichome that impacts the quality and appearance of cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.) fruit. Scanning electron microscopy revealed that the trichome-less (tril) mutant originating from European greenhouse cucumber has a completely glabrous phenotype on cotyledons, hypocotyls, young leaves, fruits, and fruit stalks. Genetic analysis revealed that tril was inherited as a recessive allele at a single locus. Using 1058 F2 individuals derived from a cross between cucumber tril mutant CGN19839 and the micro-trichome (mict) mutant 06-2, tril was mapped to chromosome 6, and narrowed down to a 37.4 kb genomic region which carries seven predicted genes. Genetic and molecular analyses revealed that gene Cucsa.045360 is a possible candidate gene for the differentiation of epidermal cells to trichomes. It is a member of the class IV homeodomain-leucine zipper (HD-Zip IV) family and encodes homeodomain and START domain, sharing 66.7% predicted amino acid sequence identity to PROTODERMAL FACTOR2 (PDF2) and 35.0% to GLABRA2 (GL2) of Arabidopsis. The homeobox domain had changed amino acid sequence because of an insertion in tril mutant. The results of genetic analysis and transcriptome profiling indicated that the Tril gene had an epistatic effect on the Mict gene in trichome development. Phenotypes of the tril mutant such as glabrous fruits and female flowers at every node could be used in developing new cultivars.


Xionghui J.,Hunan Academy of Agriculture Science | Xionghui J.,Key Laboratory of Agri Environment in Midstream of Yangtze Plain | Jiamei W.,Hunan Academy of Agriculture Science | Jiamei W.,Key Laboratory of Agri Environment in Midstream of Yangtze Plain | And 12 more authors.
Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture | Year: 2012

Background: Soil organic carbon (SOC) sequestration, methane emission, and the net carbon sink represented by rice straw incorporated into soil (RIS) were studied using long-term experimentation with rice straw incorporated into soil (LRIS) and short-term experimentation with different patterns of rice straw incorporated into soil (SPRIS). Results: Soil organic carbon could be improved by RIS combined with soil ploughing. The increased rate of SOC deposition per cultivated layer was 0.10 t C ha -1 for 2.625 t ha -1 straw incorporated each season in LRIS and 0.36 t C ha -1 for 4.5 t straw ha -1 season -1 incorporated in SPRIS; the apparent SOC conversion by rice straw (stubble) was reduced as the amount of incorporated straw increased. However, RIS methane emission from paddy fields also significantly exacerbated the CH 4 emission flux observed during the early and late rice growing seasons, which was increased by 75.0% (P < 0.01) and 251.5% (P < 0.01), respectively, compared with combined application of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium fertiliser (NPK). The apparent methane conversion of straw was almost uniform with a similar rice yield and soil cultivating mode. Among the patterns of RIS, methane emission was significantly reduced under straw covering untilled land, and this property led to the lowest apparent methane conversion. Conclusion: RIS with ploughing and tilling resulted in negative carbon sequestration because of increased methane emissions. A combined NPK application with only rice stubble incorporation may be sustainable for a higher rice yield, but this approach has a reduced rate of negative carbon sequestration in the paddy field. Straw covering with no tillage was the best measure to realise high yield and low carbon emission for RIS. © 2012 Society of Chemical Industry.


Ma Y.-Z.,Central South University of forestry and Technology | Zhang H.,Central South University of forestry and Technology | Wang Z.-Y.,Central South University of forestry and Technology | Song R.,Hunan Academy of Agriculture science | Zhang F.-Y.,Central South University of forestry and Technology
Chinese Traditional and Herbal Drugs | Year: 2013

Objective: Huperzia serrata, whose growth is limited by high temperature, is a rare medicinal plant with the treatment function for Alzheimer's disease (AD). To research the effect of high temperature on the structure and function of cell membrane and chloroplast, and to provide the evidence for production practices. Methods: H. serrata was processed at 25, 30, 35, and 40°C, respectively, then the content changes of malondial dehyde (MDA) and conductivity rate, and the content changes of total chlorophyll, chlorophyll a, chlorophyll b, and chlorophyll a/b values were measured. The changes of the chloroplast ultra microstructure were observed under the transmission electron microscope (TEM). Results: The changes of MDA and conductivity rate in the process at 35 and 40°C were significantly higher than those of the control group; After processed at 40°C for 4 d, the total chlorophyll was decreased significantly, and became the lowest on the day 6, just was 58% compared to the control group; the change trends to the contents of chlorophyll a, chlorophyll b, and total chlorophyll were similar; TEM observation revealed that after processed at 35°C for 4 d, the chloroplast structure appeared deformation, and after processed at 40°C for 4 d, the chloroplast structure subjected obvious destruction capsule fuzzy, fracture in different degrees, thylakoid in disorder, matrix lamellar irregular, and so on. Conclusion: According to the changes of physiological index, ultramicroscopic structure, and external morphology of chloroplast, the suitable temperature for H. serrata is 25-30°C, 40°C is the limited temperature, causing death after 4 d stress, and 35°C has obvious impact on the growth, long-time stress in 35°C could also cause plant deaths.


Pan X.-W.,Hunan Academy of Agriculture Science | Li Y.-C.,Hunan Academy of Agriculture Science | Li X.-X.,Hunan Academy of Agriculture Science | Liu W.-Q.,Hunan Academy of Agriculture Science | And 4 more authors.
Rice Science | Year: 2013

Nine CBF/DREB1 homologous genes in rice were obtained by BLAST search in the NCBI database, which share conserved amino acid sequences with DREB1 protein in Arabidopsis. Three CBF genes organized in tandem, named OsCBF1, OsCBF2 and OsCBF3, showed a transient induction in the process of cold acclimation, much stronger in indica rice 93-11 compared with japonica rice Nipponbare. The candidate downstream genes OsLIP5 and OsLIP9 were induced in 93-11 but not in Nipponbare. The differential expression of CBF regulon might be caused by polymorphisms within promoter sequences between these two rice varieties. These results could be useful for utilization of CBF/DREB1 genes and illustration of differences in chilling tolerance between indica and japonica rice varieties. © 2013 China National Rice Research Institute.


PubMed | Hunan Academy of Agriculture Science
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of the science of food and agriculture | Year: 2012

Soil organic carbon (SOC) sequestration, methane emission, and the net carbon sink represented by rice straw incorporated into soil (RIS) were studied using long-term experimentation with rice straw incorporated into soil (LRIS) and short-term experimentation with different patterns of rice straw incorporated into soil (SPRIS).Soil organic carbon could be improved by RIS combined with soil ploughing. The increased rate of SOC deposition per cultivated layer was 0.10 t C ha(-1) for 2.625 t ha(-1) straw incorporated each season in LRIS and 0.36 t C ha(-1) for 4.5 t straw ha(-1) season(-1) incorporated in SPRIS; the apparent SOC conversion by rice straw (stubble) was reduced as the amount of incorporated straw increased. However, RIS methane emission from paddy fields also significantly exacerbated the CH(4) emission flux observed during the early and late rice growing seasons, which was increased by 75.0% (P < 0.01) and 251.5% (P < 0.01), respectively, compared with combined application of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium fertiliser (NPK). The apparent methane conversion of straw was almost uniform with a similar rice yield and soil cultivating mode. Among the patterns of RIS, methane emission was significantly reduced under straw covering untilled land, and this property led to the lowest apparent methane conversion.RIS with ploughing and tilling resulted in negative carbon sequestration because of increased methane emissions. A combined NPK application with only rice stubble incorporation may be sustainable for a higher rice yield, but this approach has a reduced rate of negative carbon sequestration in the paddy field. Straw covering with no tillage was the best measure to realise high yield and low carbon emission for RIS.

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