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Martorelli D.,Italian National Cancer Institute | Guidoboni M.,Italian National Cancer Institute | Guidoboni M.,U.S. National Institutes of Health | De Re V.,Italian National Cancer Institute | And 14 more authors.
Clinical Cancer Research | Year: 2012

Purpose: An increasing set of B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphomas (B-NHL) show a biased usage of IGKV3-20 and IGKV3-15 immunoglobulin genes, a feature that could be exploited for the development of ready-to-use, broadly applicable cancer vaccines. Experimental Design: The immunogenic properties of clonal IGKV3-20 and IGKV3-15 proteins were analyzed with particular focus on their ability to elicit cross-reactive responses against molecularly related IGKV proteins expressed by different B-cell lymphoproliferative disorders. Results: IGK+ lymphoma patients show humoral and T-cell responses to IGKV3-20 and IGKV3-15 proteins and IGKV3-specific cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL) can be easily induced ex vivo. IGKV3-20-specific CTLs cross-react against different IGKV3 proteins, an effect mediated by the presence of 21 shared, sometimes promiscuous, T-cell epitopes, presented by common HLA class I allele products, thus assuring a broadHLAcoverage of IGKV3-based vaccines. Many natural epitope variants are carried by IGK light chains expressed by a broad spectrum of B-NHLs and we show that IGKV3-20-specific CTLs cross-react also against several of these variant epitopes. Both humoral and CTL-specific responses were induced by KLH-conjugated IGKV3-20 protein in HLA-A2-transgenic mice and coinjection of IGKV3-20-specific CTLs with IGKV3-20+ or IGKV3-15+ lymphoma cells into SCID mice totally prevented tumor growth, thus confirming the ability of these effectors to mediate efficient and cross-reactive cytotoxic responses also in vivo. Conclusions: These results provide the rationale to exploit IGKV3 proteins as "off-the-shelf" vaccines for a large fraction of lymphoma patients. ©2012 American Association for Cancer Research.

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