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Zaw K.K.,Ministry of Health and Sports | Nwe N.,Yangon General Hospital | Hlaing S.S.,Human Resources University
BMC Research Notes | Year: 2017

Background: Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are now in a rising trend in South East Asia including Myanmar due to increase in major cardiovascular risk factors in both urban and rural areas, such as smoking, obesity and diabetes mellitus. It is necessary to determine CVD morbidities in Myanmar for planning of prevention and control activities for CVDs. The cross-sectional household survey was conducted in 2012 with 600 people aged 40 years and above in four townships (Kyauk-Tan, Mawlamyaing, Pathein and Pyay) and used face-to-face interview with standard questionnaire [Rose Angina Questionnaire and Questionnaire by European Cardiovascular Indicators Surveillance Set (EUROCISS) Research Group] to determine the level of reported CVD morbidities in adult population. Results: Age of the study population ranged from 40 to 99 years with the mean age of 56 years. Seventy-one percent of the study population was women. Nine percent of the study population have suffered from angina according to Rose Angina Questionnaire. Prevalence of possible heart attack, stroke and heart failure was 7.5, 1.5 and 2.8%. Prevalence of hypertension was 51%. Conclusion: The CVD morbidities are high. There is a need for strengthening prevention and control activities of CVDs. © 2017 The Author(s).


Sugiyama L.S.,U.S. Department of Agriculture | Bushe B.C.,Human Resources University | Heller W.P.,Human Resources University | Keith L.M.,U.S. Department of Agriculture
Plant Disease | Year: 2017

Bird-of-Paradise (Strelitzia reginae Banks) is a commonly grown ornamental in Hawaii. In March 2014, a nursery located in Panaewa on the eastern side of Hawaii Island noticed that a few liners of Bird-of-Paradise that were imported from Florida had water soaked lesions. By April 2014, a majority of the liners that had been transplanted into one gallon pots had chlorotic water-soaked lesions that became necrotic. Plant samples were submitted to the University of Hawaii Agricultural Diagnostic Center located at the Komohana Research and Extension Center in Hilo, Hawaii, for diagnosis. Bacteria were consistently isolated from diseased tissue. To differentiate the genera based on growth characteristics, bacteria were plated on NDA, YDC, KMB, CVP, and MS agar (Schaad et al. 2001). The consistently isolated bacterium tested negative for Ralstonia solanacearum via an ELISA ImmunoStrip/PCR assay and gave a positive reaction for tobacco hypersensitivity (Schaad et al. 2001). Culture plates were forwarded to the USDA-ARS-DKI-PBARC facility in Hilo, Hawaii, for further purification and molecular identification. A partial 16S rRNA gene sequence (1,424 bp) (accession no. KX812539) was 100% identical to multiple accessions of Paraburkholderia andropogonis (basonym, Burkholderia andropogonis) in the NCBI database. In May 2014, additional samples exhibiting mild to severe symptoms also yielded P. andropogonis. To confirm pathogenicity, four healthy plants were inoculated with a bacterial suspension from 3-day-old cultures grown on LB at 27°C in the dark and adjusted to 108 CFU/ml. The pseudostem of each plant was wounded using an 18G needle and injected with 200 µl of suspension. Four control plants were inoculated with sterile distilled water. Plants were placed on greenhouse benches and observed for disease development. After 4 weeks, small, black, water-soaked, elongated vein-delimited lesions developed. After 10 weeks, numerous elongated lesions identical to the original samples were apparent with a majority of them coalescing into a large lesion with a chlorotic light green-yellow to yellow to orange-yellow chlorotic halo. Bacterial colonies were consistently reisolated from the inoculated plants and molecularly identified as P. andropogonis, while no bacterial colonies were isolated from the control plants, thus fulfilling Koch’s postulates. The test was repeated twice. To our knowledge, this is the first report of bacterial leaf streak caused by P. andropogonis on S. reginae in Hawaii. As recommended by Miller (1976), diseased leaves from greenhouse sample plants were rouged. After 1 year, only 25% of the plants still showed symptoms. The results from this study indicate that with early recognition and rouging of diseased leaves, it is possible to manage the recurrence of this disease. The nursery was notified of these findings. Management efforts appear to have been successful. As of late 2016, to the best of our knowledge, the disease had not become established elsewhere. © 2017, American Phytopathological Society. All rights reserved.


Fairbanks L.,Human Resources University | Campbell L.M.,Duke University | Boucquey N.,Eckerd College | St. Martin K.,Rutgers University
Annals of the American Association of Geographers | Year: 2017

Research on enclosure has often examined the phenomenon as a process and outcome of state, neoliberal, and hybrid territorial practices with detrimental impacts for those affected. The proliferation of increasingly complex environmental governance regimes and new enclosures, such as those now seen in the oceans, challenge these readings, however. Using the case of U.S. marine spatial planning (MSP), this article reexamines enclosure through the lens of assemblage. A comprehensive new approach to oceans governance based on spatial data and collaborative decision making, MSP appears to follow past governance programs toward a broad-scale rationalization and enclosure of U.S. waters. Yet this appearance might only be superficial. As an assemblage, U.S. MSP—and its shifting actors, associations, and practices—holds the potential to both close and open the seas for oceans communities, environments, and other actors. Planning actors use three practices to stabilize U.S. MSP for governance and enclosure: narrativizing MSP, creating a geospatial framework to underlie planning, and engaging stakeholders. These practices, however, simultaneously provide opportunities for communities and environments to intervene in U.S. MSP toward alternative outcomes. Rather than a closed seas, U.S. MSP presents opportunities for enclosure to happen differently or not at all, producing alternative outcomes for coastal and oceans communities, environments, and governance. © 2017 by American Association of Geographers


Maier C.,University of Bamberg | Laumer S.,University of Bamberg | Eckhardt A.,Human Resources University | Weitzel T.,University of Bamberg
Journal of Strategic Information Systems | Year: 2013

An in-depth case of an e-Recruiting system implementation is used while focusing on the level of Human Resource (HR) employees to research unintended consequences during the implementation of Human Resources Information Systems (HRISs). We develop a model that integrates the belief and attitude component of the technology acceptance literature with work-related consequences. We provide evidence for an indirect effect of attitudes toward the HRIS on turnover intention that is fully mediated by job satisfaction. Our results contribute to the literature on systems implementations and technology adoption by suggesting work-related outcomes as important additional success variables. © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


Michalzik B.,Friedrich - Schiller University of Jena | Martin S.,Friedrich - Schiller University of Jena | Martin S.,Human Resources University
Geoderma | Year: 2013

Forest fires are known to severely pertubate the nutrient budgets of forested ecosystems by altering the distribution, element species composition and availability of organic matter and associated nutrients. Although several studies have reported on the biogeochemical effects of fires on soil properties and element pools, relatively few have measured the water-flux driven release of nutrients from the forest floor into the mineral soil by lysimeters following low-intensity duff fires. This study was designed to test the effect of a low-intensity fire on the short-term release of nutrients from two different forest floor types developed under a mixed spruce/pine and a beech forest representing the most prevalent forest types in Germany. We found that even low-intensity fires remarkably promoted the amount of leachable nutrients under beech. Compared to the control, the fire treatment at the beech site significantly enhanced the fluxes of DOC by 75%, of DN, NO3-N, NH4-N and DON by, 233, 123, 380 and 158%, respectively, and by 158% for PO4-P. However, at the coniferous site, flux increases were less pronounced exhibiting enhancement rates for DOC of 38%, for DN, NO3-N, NH4-N and DON of 56, 41, 64 and 57%, respectively, and of 19% for PO4-P. Reasons for the different fire effects on the amount and composition of released elements at the beech and conifer site, might be due to the thicker Oa-layer of the coniferous site likely buffering the element pulses into the mineral soil more efficiently, or to the nutrient up-take by the re-establishing ground vegetation. In essence, the study clearly demonstrated that information on the potential range of short-term variability of matter fluxes induced by ecosystem disturbances is necessary, to understand differing filter and trigger mechanisms caused by varying environmental conditions within and between ecosystems. © 2013 Elsevier B.V.


Lim S.,Seoul National University | Lee S.-J.,Kangwon National University | Nam K.-W.,Human Resources University | Kim K.H.,Kangwon National University | Mar W.,Seoul National University
Archives of Pharmacal Research | Year: 2013

The aim of this study was to identify the hepatoprotective effects of reynosin, sesquiterpenes from the leaves of Laurus nobilis, against thioacetamide (TAA)-induced apoptosis in primary hepatocyte cultures and an in vivo mouse model. Rat hepatocytes were isolated and pretreated with 0.13, 0.64, or 3.22 μM reynosin and then exposed to 100 mM TAA. Reynosin treatment significantly inhibited TAA-induced apoptosis and hepatocellular DNA damage in primary rat hepatocytes. We observed an increase in levels of antiapoptotic Bcl-2, Bcl-XL mRNA and a decrease in levels of proapoptotic Bax mRNA following reynosin treatment of hepatocytes. Apoptosis in BALB/c mice was induced with intra-peritoneal injection of 200 mg/kg TAA for 2 weeks every other day. Then reynosin (5 mg/kg) and TAA were intragastrically given for 3 weeks every other day. Aspartate aminotransferase and alanine aminotransferase levels in the blood of mice were decreased in the reynosin administration group. Bcl-2 and Bcl-XL mRNA levels were increased, and the Bax mRNA level was decreased in reynosin-treated mice. Thus, reynosin inhibited TAA-induced apoptosis in primary hepatocytes and an in vivo mouse model. © 2013 The Pharmaceutical Society of Korea.


Park J.H.,Human Resources University | Han J.,Human Resources University | Lee M.,Human Resources University
Pharmaceutical Research | Year: 2014

Purpose The effect of the combination therapy of curcumin and the herpes simplex virus thymidine kinase (HSVtk) gene using R7L10 as a carrier was evaluated in a glioblastoma animal model. Methods Curcumin was loaded into the cores of R7L10 peptide micelles using an oil-in-water emulsion/solvent evaporation method to generate curcumin loaded R7L10 micelles (R7L10-Cur), which were used as a carrier to deliver the HSVtk gene. The plasmid DNA (pDNA)/R7L10-Cur complex was confirmed by gel retardation, heparin competition, and dynamic light scattering analyses. Transfection efficiency and cytotoxicity were measured using luciferase, MTT, and TUNEL assays. Intracellular delivery of curcumin was determined by fluorescence and absorbance. In the glioblastoma animal model, the effects of the intratumoral delivery of curcumin and the HSVtk gene were evaluated according to tumor size, immunohistochemistry, and TUNEL assays. Results R7L10-Cur delivered pDNA into the cells more efficiently than PLL and R7L10. In addition, R7L10-Cur delivered curcumin into the cells more efficiently than curcumin alone. The pHSVtk/R7L10-Cur complex induced cell death efficiently both in vitro and in vivo. Likewise, the combination of curcumin and the HSVtk gene using the pHSVtk/R7L10-Cur complex reduced tumor size more efficiently than the pHSVtk/PEI and pHSVtk/R7L10 complexes in a glioblastoma animal model. Conclusion R7L10 is an efficient carrier for delivery of curcumin and the HSVtk gene, which may be a useful combination therapy for glioblastoma. © 2014 Springer Science+Business Media New York.


Cheng K.-T.,Human Resources University
Utilities Policy | Year: 2013

The purpose of this study was to examine the predictive power of each facet of governance mechanisms on regulation in a Taiwan sample. The sample consisted of 2518 employees from seven utilities sectors. The research found that for all utilities sectors clarity of role was significantly negatively correlated with regulation, while accountability and participation were significantly positively correlated with regulation. Moreover, participation was the only governance mechanism that consistently predicted regulation across utilities sectors. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.


Grymonpre R.,Human Resources University
Healthcare quarterly (Toronto, Ont.) | Year: 2013

Inter-professional (IP) education and clinical placements have been identified as educational recruitment strategies to address the health workforce shortage. The research question in this secondary analysis study was, "What are students' attitudes toward working in geriatric environments and as part of inter-professional collaborative teams?" A five-item survey was administered to 47 pre-licensure learners from five different health professional programs (medicine, nursing, pharmacy, occupational therapy and physical therapy). Findings suggest that students want to practise on IP teams, which may influence their graduate first choice of employment. Although stronger evidence is required, offering IP clinical placements may be an important recruitment strategy, especially for those sites traditionally deemed less desirable. Copyright © 2013 Longwoods Publishing.


Martsch M.,Human Resources University
Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems - Proceedings | Year: 2012

Lightweight spatially aware displays (Tangible Magic Lenses) are an effective approach for exploring complex information spaces within a tabletop environment. One way of using the 3D space above a horizontal surface is to di-vide it into discrete parallel layers stacked upon each other. Horizontal and vertical lens movements are essential tasks for the style of multi-layer interaction associated with it. We conducted a comprehensive user study with 18 partici-pants investigating fundamental issues such as optimal number of layers and their thickness, movement and hold-ing accuracies, and physical boundaries of the interaction volume. Findings include a rather limited overall interaction height (44 cm), a different minimal layer thickness for ver-tical and horizontal search tasks (1 cm/4 cm), a reasonable maximum number of layers depending on the primary task, and a convenience zone in the middle for horizontal search. Derived from that, design guidelines are also presented. Copyright 2012 ACM.

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