Human Research Nutrition Center

Le Touquet – Paris-Plage, France

Human Research Nutrition Center

Le Touquet – Paris-Plage, France
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Aron-Wisnewsky J.,Human Research Nutrition Center | Aron-Wisnewsky J.,Pitie Salpetriere Hospital | Aron-Wisnewsky J.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research | Aron-Wisnewsky J.,University Pierre and Marie Curie | And 20 more authors.
Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism | Year: 2011

Aim:Wetested the hypothesis that quantitative changes in high-density lipoprotein (HDL) particles weight loss induced by Roux-en-Y bypass (RYGBP) in morbidly obese subjects might be associated with improved functionality of these particles in the reverse cholesterol transport pathway. Methods and Results: Thirty-four morbidly obese women were recruited and followed up before and 6 months after RYGBP. After surgery, along with a major weight loss (-20%; P < 0.0001), we observed a significant increase in HDL mass concentration (+14%; P < 0.04), reflecting a specific increase in large HDL2 subfraction levels (+42%; P < 0.01), whereas those of HDL3 remained unchanged. Cholesterol ester transfer protein activity decreased significantly (-15%; P<0.0001). Efflux capacity of total plasma increased significantly via both scavenger receptor class B type I (SR-BI) (+58%; P < 0.0001) and ATP binding cassette G1 (ABCG1) (+26%; P < 0.0001) pathways. Such enhanced capacity resulted from increased capacity of HDL2 particles to mediate cholesterol efflux through the SR-BI pathway (+56%, P < 0.001) and from the increase plasma level of cholesteryl ester-rich HDL2 particles for the ABCG1 pathway. Conclusion: RYGBP-induced weight loss results in improvement in atherogenic lipid profile including a shift toward a more cardioprotective HDL subfraction profile. In addition, our in vitro studies demonstrated an increased in plasma efflux capacity via both SR-BI and ABCG1 after surgery. Copyright © 2011 by The Endocrine Society.

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