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Franquesa M.,Erasmus University Rotterdam | Hoogduijn M.J.,Erasmus University Rotterdam | Reinders M.E.,Leiden University | Eggenhofer E.,University of Regensburg | And 37 more authors.
Transplantation | Year: 2013

The Fourth Expert Meeting of the Mesenchymal Stem Cells in Solid Organ Transplantation (MiSOT) Consortium took place in Barcelona on October 19 and 20, 2012. This meeting focused on the translation of preclinical data into early clinical settings. This position paper highlights the main topics explored on the safety and efficacy of mesenchymal stem cells as a therapeutic agent in solid organ transplantation and emphasizes the issues (proper timing, concomitant immunossupression, source and immunogenicity of mesenchymal stem cells, and oncogenicity) that have been addressed and will be followed up by the MiSOT Consortium in future studies. © 2013 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. Source

Trujillano D.,Genetic Causes of Disease Group | Trujillano D.,University Pompeu Fabra | Trujillano D.,Hospital del Mar Medical Research Institute IMIM | Trujillano D.,CIBER ISCIII | And 22 more authors.
Journal of Medical Genetics | Year: 2013

Background: Here we have developed a novel and much more efficient strategy for the complete molecular characterisation of the cystic fibrosis (CF) transmembrane regulator (CFTR) gene, based on multiplexed targeted resequencing. We have tested this approach in a cohort of 92 samples with previously characterised CFTR mutations and polymorphisms. Methods: After enrichment of the pooled barcoded DNA libraries with a custom NimbleGen SeqCap EZ Choice array (Roche) and sequencing with a HiSeq2000 (Illumina) sequencer, we applied several bioinformatics tools to call mutations and polymorphisms in CFTR. Results: The combination of several bioinformatics tools allowed us to detect all known pathogenic variants (point mutations, short insertions/deletions, and large genomic rearrangements) and polymorphisms (including the poly-T and poly-thymidine-guanine polymorphic tracts) in the 92 samples. In addition, we report the precise characterisation of the breakpoints of seven genomic rearrangements in CFTR, including those of a novel deletion of exon 22 and a complex 85 kb inversion which includes two large deletions affecting exons 4-8 and 12-21, respectively. Conclusions: This work is a proof-of-principle that targeted resequencing is an accurate and cost-effective approach for the genetic testing of CF and CFTR-related disorders (ie, male infertility) amenable to the routine clinical practice, and ready to substitute classical molecular methods in medical genetics. Source

Bonache S.,Human Molecular Genetics Group | Bonache S.,University of Barcelona | Algaba F.,Fundacio Puigvert | Algaba F.,Autonomous University of Barcelona | And 3 more authors.
Andrology | Year: 2014

The molecular basis of spermatogenic failure (SpF) is still largely unknown. Accumulating evidence suggests that a series of specific events such as meiosis, are determined at the early stage of spermatogenesis. This study aims to assess the expression profile of pre-meiotic genes of infertile testicular biopsies that might help to define the molecular phenotype associated with human deficiency of sperm production. An accurate quantification of testicular mRNA levels of genes expressed in spermatogonia was carried out by RT-qPCR in individuals showing SpF owing to germ cell maturation defects, Sertoli cell-only syndrome or conserved spermatogenesis. In addition, the gene expression profile of SpF was compared with that of testicular tumour, which is considered to be a severe developmental disease of germ cell differentiation. Protein expression from selected genes was evaluated by immunohistochemistry. Our results indicate that SpF is accompanied by differences in expression of certain genes associated with spermatogonia in the absence of any apparent morphological and/or numerical change in this specific cell type. In SpF testicular samples, we observed down-regulation of genes involved in cell cycle (CCNE1 and POLD1), transcription and post-transcription regulation (DAZL, RBM15 and DICER1), protein degradation (FBXO32 and TM9SF2) and homologous recombination in meiosis (MRE11A and RAD50) which suggests that the expression of these genes is critical for a proper germ cell development. Interestingly, a decrease in the CCNE1, DAZL, RBM15 and STRA8 cellular transcript levels was also observed, suggesting that the gene expression capacity of spermatogonia is altered in SpF contributing to an unsuccessful sperm production. Altogether, these data point to the spermatogenic derangement being already determined at, or arising in, the initial stages of the germ line. © 2014 American Society of Andrology and European Academy of Andrology. Source

Luque A.,Hospital Universitari Mutua Terrassa | Luque A.,Cardiovascular Research Center | Luque A.,Human Molecular Genetics Group | Turu M.M.,Cardiovascular Research Center | And 6 more authors.
Frontiers in Bioscience - Elite | Year: 2012

Chlamydia pneumoniae (Cpn) could play an important role in the development of atherosclerosis. Cpn interferes with HIF-1alpha regulation in infected host cells during intracellular replication in hypoxia. We obtained carotid artery specimens with low (n=38), high (n=25) levels of stenosis and 10 control middle cerebral arteries. Fifty eight percent of the carotids with low levels of stenosis showed evidence of the viable Cpn. Ninety one percent of the positive results were derived from preatheromatous lesions. Only 12 percent of plaques removed at endarterectomy showed the presence of Cpn DNA. All control middle cerebral arteries failed to show evidence of live Cpn. Ninety one percent of sera from 22 endarterectomy patients showws the presence of Cpn antibodies. Immunohistology of carotid arteries with low levels of stenosis was used to confirm the presence of HIF-1alpha in infected specimens and showed a correlation between the over-expression of HIF-1alpha and Cpn in the plaque (p less than 0.05). Cpn might play an important role in activation and development of the initial stages of atherosclerotic lesions. Source

Martinez-Gonzalez I.,Human Molecular Genetics Group | Cruz M.-J.,University of Barcelona | Cruz M.-J.,CIBER ISCIII | Moreno R.,Human Molecular Genetics Group | And 6 more authors.
Stem Cells and Development | Year: 2014

Occupational asthma (OA) is characterized by allergic airway inflammation and hyperresponsiveness, leading to progressive airway remodeling and a concomitant decline in lung function. The management of OA remains suboptimal in clinical practice. Thus, establishing effective therapies might overcome the natural history of the disease. We evaluated the ability of human adipose-tissue-derived mesenchymal stem cells (hASCs), either unmodified or engineered to secrete the IL-33 decoy receptor sST2, to attenuate the inflammatory and respiratory symptoms in a previously validated mouse model of OA to ammonium persulfate (AP). Twenty-four hours after a dermal AP sensitization and intranasal challenge regimen, the animals received intravenously 1×106cells (either hASCs or hASCs overexpressing sST2) or saline and were analyzed at 1, 3, and 6 days after treatment. The infused hASCs induced an anti-inflammatory and restorative program upon reaching the AP-injured, asthmatic lungs, leading to early reduction of neutrophilic inflammation and total IgE production, preserved alveolar architecture with nearly absent lymphoplasmacytic infiltrates, negligible smooth muscle hyperplasia/hypertrophy in the peribronchiolar areas, and baseline airway hyperreactivity (AHR) to methacholine. Local sST2 overexpression barely increased the substantial efficacy displayed by unmodified hASCs. Thus, hASCs may represent a viable multiaction therapeutic capable to adequately respond to the AP-injured lung environment by resolving inflammation, tissue remodeling, and bronchial hyperresponsiveness typical of OA. © 2014 Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. Source

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