Human Genetic Research Group

Shīrāz, Iran

Human Genetic Research Group

Shīrāz, Iran
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Bazrgar M.,Royan Institute for Reproductive Medicine | Bazrgar M.,Human Genetic Research Group | Peiravian F.,Islamic Azad University at Kazeroon | Abedpour F.,Islamic Azad University at Kazeroon | Karimi M.,Shiraz University of Medical Sciences
Pediatric Hematology and Oncology | Year: 2011

There are limited studies that have focused on the causes for hospitalization as an indicator of morbidity in patients with β-thalassemia major (BTM). A cross-sectional study was conducted to determine the main causes for hospitalization and death in hospitalized BTM patients in a referral hospital in Shiraz, southern Iran. During a 5-year period, 555 BTM patients were admitted to the hospital, of which 390 (67.7%) were 10 to 20 years of age. The most frequent causes for hospitalization were splenectomy (23%), heart failure (22.6%), liver biopsy (22.2%), uncontrolled diabetes (10.9%), arrhythmia (7.2%), cholecystectomy (3.8%), hypoparathyroidism (2.1%), and sepsis (2%). Of the hospitalized patients, 65 (11%), with a mean age of 16.1 ±Â± 4.2 years, died. The most common causes of death were cardiomyopathy (72.3%), infections (17%), malignancies (3.1%), and cerebrovascular accidents (3.1%). Survival of our patients was less than in developed countries and cardiac complications were the most common cause of mortality and morbidity in these patients. Regarding the key role of iron chelation in prevention of different complications in BTM, correction of iron chelation regimen should be well considered. © 2011 Informa Healthcare USA, Inc.


Saffari B.,Human Genetic Research Group | Saffari B.,University of Tehran | Senemar S.,Human Genetic Research Group | Karimi M.,Shiraz University of Medical Sciences | And 4 more authors.
Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences | Year: 2013

There have been many controversial debates on the role of Hyperhomocysteinaemia (HHcy) as an independent risk factor for Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) during recent years. Furthermore, an alanine/valine (Ala/Val) gene polymorphism at 222nd amino acid of 5,10-methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) has been considered as a factor that could render this enzyme thermolabile and less active which in turn may yield a subsequent increase in plasma total homocysteine (tHcy) levels. To assess whether this polymorphism is associated with increased risk of CAD and plasma levels of tHcy in a population from southern Iran, a total of 457 patients with angiographically documented multi-vessel CAD were compared with a control group comprised of 371 subjects with <30% stenosis in all major vessels. Nevertheless our results failed to admit a significant difference between CAD individuals and control subjects for Ala/Val polymorphism and plasma Hcy concentrations. However, plasma Hcy concentrations were significantly higher in individuals with Val/Val genotype than subjects with Ala/Ala genotype, but it didn't show a significant association with CAD in our population. Moreover, as the multiple linear regression analysis indicated, smoking habit, folate levels and the MTHFR Val/Val genotype were the only major predictors of tHcy concentrations in the current investigation. © 2013 Asian Network for Scientific Information.


Senemar S.,Human Genetic Research Group | Saffari B.,Human Genetic Research Group | Saffari B.,University of Tehran | Sharifkazemi M.B.,Shiraz University of Medical Sciences | And 6 more authors.
EXCLI Journal | Year: 2013

Elevated level of plasma homocysteine (Hcy) has been identified as an independent risk factor for coronary artery disease (CAD). Furthermore, numerous studies have documented the influences of a common polymorphism (C677T) of methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) on homocysteine levels. However the relationship between this mutation and cardiovascular diseases (CVD) has remained as a controversial issue. The present study was undertaken to investigate the relationship between C677T polymorphism of MTHFR gene, plasma total Hcy levels and the number of affected vessels as a criterion for the extent of CAD. MTHFR genotypes and plasma homocysteine (HCY) concentrations were examined in 231 patients and 300 healthy subjects who underwent diagnostic coronary angiography. A multiple linear regression analysis was performed to identify the predictors of Hcy levels whereas logistic regression model was built to determine the association of Hcy quartiles with the risk of CAD adjusted for risk factors. The prevalence of MTHFR genotypes was similar between CAD patients and non-CAD individuals while the geometric mean of Hcy values was significantly higher in patient group (14.13 ± 4.11 μmol/l) than in control group (10.19 ± 3.52 μmol/l) (P < 0.001). Moreover, unlike the MTHFR polymorphism, Hcy concentration increased with increasing number of stenosed vessels and the CAD risk increased about 2 folds in the top two Hcy quartiles (≥ 17.03 and 13.20-17.02 μmol/l) compared with the lowest quartile (≤ 9.92 μmol/l) after controlling for conventional risk factors (P<0.001 for both). Our data suggest that hyperhomocysteinaemia (HHcy) is significantly associated to CAD risk increase as well as to the extent of coronary atherosclerosis.


Jouyan N.,University of Tehran | Jouyan N.,Human Genetic Research Group | Saffari B.,University of Tehran | Saffari B.,Human Genetic Research Group | And 6 more authors.
Tehran University Medical Journal | Year: 2015

Background: Polymorphisms of the upstream transcription factor 1 (USF1) have been associated with familial combined hyperlipidemia (FCHL), type 2 diabetes and coronary heart diseases (CHD). In the current investigation, the association of USF1s2 variant of human USF1 gene with premature coronary artery disease (PCAD) was evaluated in a population from southern Iran. USF1s2 has the best potential as a functional variant.in the USF1 gene. Methods: In a case-control study USF1s2 variant of human USF1 gene was determined by polymerase chain reaction- restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) technique using BsiHKA I restriction enzyme for 186 women under 55 years of age and 135 men less than 50 years of age who underwent diagnostic coronary angiography in Saadi, Nemazee and Kowsar Hospitals of Shiraz, between July 2009 and March 2012. Data on the history of familial myocardial infarction or other heart diseases, hypertension, and smoking habit were collected by a simple questionnaire. Blood sugar level and serum lipid profile of all participants were also obtained by measuring the levels of fasting blood sugar (FBS), total cholesterol (TC), triglycerides (TG), low density lipoprotein (LDL) and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL). Results: Frequencies of the major (G) and minor (A) alleles of usf1s2 gene variant were 0.74 and 0.26 in the whole population, respectively. Meanwhile, the prevalence of the minor allele was significantly higher in PCAD patients compared with control subjects. This difference remained significant even after adjustment for confounding parameters. Indeed, subjects with mutant homozygous genotype (AA) were about 5 times more likely to suffer from early-onset CAD than those with wild-type homozygous genotype (GG). Moreover, the baseline characteristics of the control subjects and patients were statistically similar for almost all parameters except for the number of male individuals; there was no significant difference among various genotypes in the patient group for any of these investigated variables. Conclusion: It appears that the usf1s2 variant in upstream transcription factor 1 gene is an independent predictor of premature coronary artery disease in our population and applies its effects without affecting blood sugar and lipid levels. © 2015, Tehran University of Medical Sciences. All rights reserved.


PubMed | Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Human Genetic Research Group, Tehran University of Medical Sciences and University of Tehran
Type: | Journal: EXCLI journal | Year: 2015

Elevated level of plasma homocysteine (Hcy) has been identified as an independent risk factor for coronary artery disease (CAD). Furthermore, numerous studies have documented the influences of a common polymorphism (C677T) of methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) on homocysteine levels. However the relationship between this mutation and cardiovascular diseases (CVD) has remained as a controversial issue. The present study was undertaken to investigate the relationship between C677T polymorphism of MTHFR gene, plasma total Hcy levels and the number of affected vessels as a criterion for the extent of CAD. MTHFR genotypes and plasma homocysteine (HCY) concentrations were examined in 231 patients and 300 healthy subjects who underwent diagnostic coronary angiography. A multiple linear regression analysis was performed to identify the predictors of Hcy levels whereas logistic regression model was built to determine the association of Hcy quartiles with the risk of CAD adjusted for risk factors. The prevalence of MTHFR genotypes was similar between CAD patients and non-CAD individuals while the geometric mean of Hcy values was significantly higher in patient group (14.13 4.11 mol/l) than in control group (10.19 3.52 mol/l) (P < 0.001). Moreover, unlike the MTHFR polymorphism, Hcy concentration increased with increasing number of stenosed vessels and the CAD risk increased about 2 folds in the top two Hcy quartiles ( 17.03 and 13.20-17.02 mol/l) compared with the lowest quartile ( 9.92 mol/l) after controlling for conventional risk factors (P<0.001 for both). Our data suggest that hyperhomocysteinaemia (HHcy) is significantly associated to CAD risk increase as well as to the extent of coronary atherosclerosis.


PubMed | Tarbiat Modares University, Human Genetic Research Group and University of Tehran
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Iranian journal of reproductive medicine | Year: 2014

Chromosome abnormality (CA) including Sex chromosomes abnormality (SCAs) is one of the most important causes of disordered sexual development and infertility. SCAs formed by numerical or structural alteration in X and Y chromosomes, are the most frequently CA encountered at both prenatal diagnosis and at birth.This study describes cytogenetic findings of cases suspected with CA referred for cytogenetic study.Blood samples of 4151 patients referred for cytogenetic analysis were cultured for chromosome preparation. Karyotypes were prepared for all samples and G-Banded chromosomes were analyzed using x100 objective lens. Sex chromosome aneuploidy cases were analyzed and categorized in two groups of Turners and Klinefelters syndrome (KFS).Out of 230 (5.54%) cases with chromosomally abnormal karyotype, 122 (30%) cases suspected of sexual disorder showed SCA including 46% Turners syndrome, 46% KFS and the remaining other sex chromosome abnormalities. The frequency of classic and mosaic form of Turners syndrome was 33% and 67%, this was 55% and 45% for KFS, respectively.This study shows a relatively high sex chromosome abnormality in this region and provides cytogenetic data to assist clinicians and genetic counselors to determine the priority of requesting cytogenetic study. Differences between results from various reports can be due to different genetic background or ethnicity.


Bazrgar M.,Royan Institute for Reproductive Biomedicine | Bazrgar M.,Human Genetic Research Group | Karimi M.,Shiraz University of Medical Sciences
Genetic Testing and Molecular Biomarkers | Year: 2012

Hyperuricemia, dyslipidemia, and apolipoprotein E (apoE) polymorphism are risk factors for cardiovascular diseases (CVDs). This study sought to determine the association of apoE gene polymorphism with hyperuricemia and dyslipidemia in young healthy people. Association of serum uric acid (SUA) and serum lipids with apoE was studied by analysis of variance in 198 healthy southern Iranian candidates. Subjects with an E2/E3 genotype had a lower cholesterol level in comparison with E3/E3 individuals. In addition, male E3/E4 subjects had a lower SUA level in comparison with other men. Lower cholesterol levels in E2 carriers mean a lower risk for CVDs, while SUA, as another risk factor for CVDs, in male E4 carriers was low. Regarding the higher risk for CVDs in men and the known role of SUA and apoE polymorphism in CVDs, it is not simple to guess the net effect of each one of these risk factors. This is the first report to study the association between SUA level and apoE in healthy men. © 2012 Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.


Saffari B.,Human Genetic Research Group | Jooyan N.,Human Genetic Research Group | Bahari M.,Human Genetic Research Group | Senemar S.,Human Genetic Research Group | Yavarian M.,Shiraz University of Medical Sciences
EXCLI Journal | Year: 2012

Plasminogen activator inhibitor type-2 (PAI-2) is a serine protease inhibitor of the fibrinolytic system produced predominantly by the macrophages and monocytes. It has been demonstrated that fibrinolysis regulation has a great importance in the pathogenesis of atherosclerotic plaques. Thus in the current investigation, we sought to determine whether Ser 413/Cys polymorphism (rs6104) of PAI-2 gene could be associated with atherosclerosis and cardiovascular risk factors. Ser 413/Cys polymorphism was determined by PCR-RFLP technique using Mwo I restriction enzyme for 184 men under 50 years of age and 216 women less than 55 years of age who underwent diagnostic coronary angiography. Data on the history of familial myocardial infarction or other heart diseases, hypertension, and smoking habit were collected by a simple questionnaire. Fasting levels of blood sugar, triglycerides, total cholesterol, lowdensity lipoprotein and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels were also measured by enzymatic methods. Frequencies of the Ser 413 and Cys 413 alleles were 0.760 and 0.240 in the whole population, respectively. The PAI-2 gene variant analyzed was not significantly associated with either the prevalence of premature CAD or the classical risk factors of CAD development such as diabetes, serum cholesterol, triglycerides, low-density lipoprotein and highdensity lipoprotein cholesterol, body mass index, hypertension, familial history of heart dysfunction or smoking.


PubMed | Shiraz University of Medical Sciences and Human Genetic Research Group
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of cardiovascular and thoracic research | Year: 2015

Endothelial lipase (EL) is a protein from the triglyceride lipase family which plays an important role in high-density lipoprotein (HDL) metabolism. One of the most frequently studied variants is 584C/T which causes the amino acid threonine at codon 111 to convert to isoleucine. Many studies have shown the association of this variant with HDL-C level and CAD disease.The population of this study consists of 140 patients (all males) with angiographically confirmed coronary artery disease (CAD) and 80 controls. Polymerase chain reaction and restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) was carried out for genotyping of LIPG 584C/T. Data were analyzed using SPSS.The results of the study indicated that the frequency of T allele was significantly lower among CAD patients than among controls (0.27 vs 0.36, P = .004). However, no significant correlation was found between the 584C/T variant and serum HDL-C level. Multivariate regression analysis confirmed that the T allele is significantly associated with CAD disregarding the age, hypertension, hypercholesterolemia, diabetes and HDL-C (OR = 0.494, 95% CI = 0.253- 0.968, P =.040).It was concluded that the T allele was associated with protection from CAD in Fars province independent of HDL-C level.


PubMed | Shiraz University of Medical Sciences and Human Genetic Research Group
Type: | Journal: EXCLI journal | Year: 2016

Plasminogen activator inhibitor type-2 (PAI-2) is a serine protease inhibitor of the fibrinolytic system produced predominantly by the macrophages and monocytes. It has been demonstrated that fibrinolysis regulation has a great importance in the pathogenesis of atherosclerotic plaques. Thus in the current investigation, we sought to determine whether Ser(413)/Cys polymorphism (rs6104) of PAI-2 gene could be associated with atherosclerosis and cardiovascular risk factors. Ser(413)/Cys polymorphism was determined by PCR-RFLP technique using Mwo I restriction enzyme for 184 men under 50 years of age and 216 women less than 55 years of age who underwent diagnostic coronary angiography. Data on the history of familial myocardial infarction or other heart diseases, hypertension, and smoking habit were collected by a simple questionnaire. Fasting levels of blood sugar, triglycerides, total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels were also measured by enzymatic methods. Frequencies of the Ser(413) and Cys(413) alleles were 0.760 and 0.240 in the whole population, respectively. The PAI-2 gene variant analyzed was not significantly associated with either the prevalence of premature CAD or the classical risk factors of CAD development such as diabetes, serum cholesterol, triglycerides, low-density lipoprotein and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, body mass index, hypertension, familial history of heart dysfunction or smoking.

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