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München, Germany

Dahlhoff M.,Institute of Molecular Animal Breeding and Biotechnology | Frohlich T.,Gene Center | Arnold G.J.,Gene Center | Muller U.,Human Biology and BioImaging | And 3 more authors.
Experimental Cell Research

Lipid metabolism depends on lipid droplets (LD), cytoplasmic structures surrounded by a protein-rich phospholipid monolayer. Although lipid synthesis is the hallmark of sebaceous gland cell differentiation, the LD-associated proteins of sebocytes have not been evaluated systematically.The LD fraction of SZ95 sebocytes was collected by density gradient centrifugation and associated proteins were analyzed by nanoliquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry. 54 proteins were significantly enriched in LD fractions, and 6 of them have not been detected previously in LDs. LD fractions contained high levels of typical LD-associated proteins as PLIN2/PLIN3, and most proteins belonged to functional categories characteristic for LD-associated proteins, indicating a reliable dataset. After confirming expression of transcripts encoding the six previously unidentified proteins by qRT-PCR in SZ95 sebocytes and in another sebocyte line (SebE6E7), we focused on two of these proteins, ALDH1A3 and EPHX4. While EPHX4 was localized almost exclusively on the surface of LDs, ALDH1A3 showed a more widespread localization that included additional cytoplasmic structures. siRNA-mediated downregulation revealed that depletion of EPHX4 increases LD size and sebaceous lipogenesis. Further studies on the roles of these proteins in sebocyte physiology and sebaceous lipogenesis may indicate novel strategies for the therapy of sebaceous gland-associated diseases such as acne. © 2014 Elsevier Inc. Source

Dahlhoff M.,Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich | Camera E.,San Gallicano Dermatologic Institute | Ludovici M.,San Gallicano Dermatologic Institute | Picardo M.,San Gallicano Dermatologic Institute | And 4 more authors.
FEBS Letters

Abstract The roles of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) in sebaceous glands remain poorly explored. We show that human sebocytes express EGFR and lower levels of ERBB2 and ERBB3, all receptors being downregulated after the induction of lipid synthesis. Nile red staining showed that siRNA-mediated downregulation of EGFR or ERBB3 increases lipid accumulation, whereas ERBB2 downregulation has no effect. Spectrometry confirmed induction of triglycerides after EGFR or ERBB3 downregulation and revealed induction of cholesteryl esters after downregulation of EGFR, ERBB2 or ERBB3. Thus, EGFR/ERBB receptors differentially modulate sebaceous lipogenesis, a key feature of sebaceous gland physiology and of several skin diseases. © 2015 Federation of European Biochemical Societies. Published by Elsevier B.V. Source

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