Huizhou Municipal Central Hospital

Huizhou, China

Huizhou Municipal Central Hospital

Huizhou, China

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Li Y.,Sun Yat Sen University | Yang Q.-X.,Huizhou Municipal Central Hospital | Tian X.-Y.,Hong Kong Baptist University | Li B.,Sun Yat Sen University | Li Z.,Sun Yat Sen University
Histology and Histopathology | Year: 2013

Nasal chondromesenchymal hamartoma (NCMH) is an extremely rare benign tumor arising in the sinonasal tract, predominantly involving infants and children. To date, only 27 cases are reported in the international literature and there have been no reported cases of malignant transformation. We present a 40-yearold female patient with nasal obstruction and bloody rhinorrhea. Computed tomography (CT) of the nose and paranasal sinuses confirmed a heterogeneous polypoid soft-tissue mass filling the nasal cavity and extending into the maxillary and ethmoid sinus. The patient underwent a complete radical resection. Histological and immunohistochemical analyses showed a portion of the mass was consistent with typical NCMH. However, some areas of mass exhibited cytological atypia, marked mitotic activity and foci of necrosis. The atypical mesenchymal spindle cells were immunoreactive for vimentin, CD99 and smooth muscle actin (SMA) diffusely. The cartilaginous cells were immuno-positive for S-100 protein. Ki-67 index was high in atypical areas, accounting for 50%. A rapid mass recurrence was observed at the original site only 3 months after surgery. The final diagnosis of NCMH with malignant transformation was made. To our knowledge, this is the first report of malignant transformation occurring in an adult with NCMH. Although NCMH commonly develops in the neonate or young infants and exhibits benign histological appearance and favorable prognosis, there is a possibility of malignant transformation in adult patients. Thoroughly histological inspections are suggested to be necessary to accurately diagnose this tumor when it is encountered in adults.


Zhang F.,Sun Yat Sen University | Yang Q.,Huizhou Municipal Central Hospital | Meng F.,Sun Yat Sen University | Shi H.,Sun Yat Sen University | And 3 more authors.
Molecular Carcinogenesis | Year: 2013

To investigate the astrocyte elevated gene-1 (AEG-1) expression and its relationship with the clinicopathological features of colorectal carcinoma (CRC) and β-catenin signaling pathway. Real-time PCR, Western blot, immunohistochemistry, and immunofluorescence staining were performed to detect AEG-1 expression in CRC cell lines, 8 pairs of fresh CRC and adjacent nontumor tissues (ANT), 120 pairs of paraffin-embedded CRC specimens and ANT tissues, and 60 samples of lymph node metastatic CRC tissues. Scratch wound assay and transwell matrix penetration assay were performed to determine migration and invasion of SW480 cell lines with stable AEG-1 overexpression or SW620 cell lines with AEG-1 knockdown. AEG-1 expression was upregulated in CRC cell lines and tissues compared with ANT. Furthermore, AEG-1 expression level significantly correlated with UICC stage, and the N classification. AEG-1 overexpression significantly enhanced migration and invasion of SW480 cell lines. However, AEG-1 knockdown suppressed migration and invasion of SW620 cell lines. Meanwhile, there was a positive correlation between AEG-1 high expression and β-catenin nuclear expression in CRC. AEG-1 overexpression increased nuclear β-catenin accumulation in CRC cell lines. AEG-1 knockdown decreased nuclear β-catenin accumulation in CRC cell lines. Moreover, we firstly found that AEG-1 interacted with β-catenin in SW480 cell lines. Our results for the first time showed that AEG-1 interacted with β-catenin in CRC cells and AEG-1 expression was closely associated with progression of CRC. AEG-1 might be a potential therapeutic target in CRC. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.


Lin Y.-J.,Sun Yat Sen University | Yang Q.-X.,Huizhou Municipal Central Hospital | Tian X.-Y.,Hong Kong Baptist University | Li B.,Sun Yat Sen University | Li Z.,Sun Yat Sen University
Neuropathology | Year: 2013

Synovial sarcoma is a rare aggressive neoplasm occurring at any site of the body, mainly in young adults. It may also arise in the CNS but has seldom been reported. We report a case of unusual intracranial synovial sarcoma in a young male patient. Neuroimaging revealed a large gadolinium-enhancing mass was located at the right anterior cranial fossa and was associated with multiple cyst formation. The mass was dural-based and was observed to invade the right orbital apex and ethmoidal bulla. Histologically, the tumor was composed of uniform oval and round cells with scant cytoplasm and indistinct borders. The tumor cells were observed to form densely cellular sheets, but in some areas, the tumor showed hemangiopericytomatous vascular pattern consisting of tumor cells arranged around dilated, thin-walled blood vessels. By immunohistochemistry, vimentin, CD99 and Bcl-2 were diffusely positive in most cells, and a focally weak reactivity for S-100 protein was also observed. However, the tumor cells were negative for cytokeratin (AE1/AE3), CK7, CK8/18, CK19, epithelial membrane antigen, CD34, synaptophysin, GFAP, desmin, myogenin, and smooth muscle actin. Cytogenetic analysis using fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) demonstrated a translocation t(X;18)(p11;q11), an aberration specific for synovial sarcoma. A diagnosis of primary dural-based poorly differentiated synovial sarcoma was made. To our knowledge, this is the first report of a poorly differentiated variant of synovial sarcoma occurring in dura mater and confirmed by cytogenetic analysis. The present case indicates that appropriate immunohistochemical analysis, and in particular molecular analysis, are essential for accurately diagnosing small, round-cell neoplasms in unusual locations. © 2012 Japanese Society of Neuropathology.


Yang Q.-X.,Huizhou Municipal Central Hospital | Pei X.-J.,Huizhou Municipal Central Hospital | Pei X.-J.,Sun Yat Sen University | Tian X.-Y.,Hong Kong Baptist University | And 2 more authors.
Diagnostic Pathology | Year: 2012

Only a few cases of extranodal Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-associated B-cell lymphomas arising from patients with angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma (AITL) have been described. We report a case of AITL of which secondary cutaneous EBV-associated diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) developed after the initial diagnosis of AITL. A 65-year-old Chinese male patient was diagnosed as AITL based on typical histological and immunohistochemical characteristics in biopsy of the enlarged right inguinal lymph nodes. The patient initially received 6 cycles of chemotherapy with CHOP regimen (cyclophosphamide, vincristine, adriamycin, prednisone), but his symptoms did not disappear. Nineteen months after initial diagnosis of AITL, the patient was hospitalized again because of multiple plaques and nodules on the skin. The skin biopsy was performed, but this time the tumor was composed of large, polymorphous population of lymphocytes with CD20 and CD79a positive on immunohistochemical staining. The tumor cells were strong positive for EBER by in situ hybridization. The findings of skin biopsy were compatible with EBV-associated DLBCL. CHOP-R chemotherapy (cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, prednisone and rituximab) was then administered, resulting in partial response of the disease with pancytopenia and suppression of cellular immunity. To our knowledge, this is the first case of cutaneous EBV-associated DLBCL originated from AITL in Chinese pepole. We suggest the patients with AITL should perform lymph node and skin biopsies regularly in the course of the disease to detect the progression of secondary lymphomas.Virtual slides: The virtual slide(s) for this article can be found here:. http://www.diagnosticpathology.diagnomx.eu/vs/1197421158639299. © 2012 Yang et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.


Liu X.,Sun Yat Sen University | Liu X.,HuiZhou Municipal Central Hospital | Xiong H.,HuiZhou Municipal Central Hospital | Li J.,HuiZhou Municipal Central Hospital | And 2 more authors.
Diagnostic Pathology | Year: 2013

Background: Human kallikrein gene 6 (KLK6) is a member of the human kallikrein gene family (Kallikreins, KLKs). Human kallikrein-related peptidase 6 (hK6) is a trypsin-like serine protease encoded by the KLK6, has been reported to be highly expressed in several cancers including gastric cancer. In this study, we investigated the the correlation of hK6 expression with clinicopathological characteristics, tumor recurrence and prognosis in advanced gastric carcinoma after curative resection.Methods: We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of 129 cases advanced gastric cancer after curative gastrectomy. The expression of hK6 in advanced gastric cancer tissues compared to adjacent noncancerous tissues were examined, and the relationship between hK6 expression and clinicopathological characteristics was evaluated. In additional, these patients were followed up to investigate the relationship between hK6 expression and the survival time.Results: The positive rate of hK6 expression was significantly higher in advanced gastric cancer tissue, than that in adjacent noncancerous and gastric ulcer tissues (36.5%, 33.3%, respectively, P < 0.001). There was a close relationship between hK6 expression and TNM stage (P = 0.005), vascular invasion (P = 0.037) and perineural invasion (P = 0.035). Furthermore, patients with hK6 positive showed significantly higher recurrence and poorer prognosis than those with hK6 negative. Multivariate analysis showed that hK6 expression was a significant independent factor for tumor recurrence and overall survival.Conclusion: hK6 is overexpressed in advanced gastric cancer tissues. Its clinical utility may be used as an unfavorable indicator in predicting tumor recurrence and prognosis for advanced gastric cancer after operation. This study also suggests that hK6 might be a potential therapeutic target for gastric cancer.Virtual slides: The virtual slide(s) for this article can be found here: http://www.diagnosticpathology.diagnomx.eu/vs/8558403578787206. © 2013 Liu et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.


Chen L.-P.,Shantou University | Chen L.-P.,Guangzhou First Peoples Hospital | Dai H.-Y.,Huizhou Municipal Central Hospital | Dai Z.-Z.,Shantou University | And 2 more authors.
Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences | Year: 2014

Aim We utilized single-voxel 1H magnetic resonance spectroscopy to determine biochemical abnormalities related to major depressive disorder (MDD) in the bilateral dorsolateral prefrontal cortex, anterior cingulate cortex (ACC), and cerebellar hemisphere before and after antidepressant treatment. Methods Fifteen adult MDD patients and 15 age- and sex-matched healthy controls were involved. Magnetic resonance spectroscopy of the brain was conducted in all subjects at the beginning of the study and the depressed subjects were reassessed after 8 weeks of antidepressant treatment. Results At baseline, N-acetyl aspartate (NAA), total glutamine plus glutamate (Glx) and myo-inositol (MI) levels in the bilateral ACC were significantly lower in MDD patients than in controls (P < 0.05/3). MI in the bilateral cerebellar hemisphere were also decreased in patients compared with controls. After the treatment, the lower NAA, Glx and MI in ACC were normalized in MDD patients and the NAA and Glx increased compared to baseline values. The MI levels in the bilateral cerebellar hemisphere were also normalized in patients. MI and choline levels in the right cerebellar hemisphere were elevated compared to those at baseline. Conclusion Our study suggests that metabolic abnormalities in the ACC and cerebellar hemisphere are implicated in MDD. Antidepressants may alter the local metabolic abnormalities in these areas. © 2014 The Authors. Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences © 2014 Japanese Society of Psychiatry and Neurology.


Xu A.G.,Huizhou Municipal Central Hospital
Zhonghua yi xue za zhi | Year: 2010

OBJECTIVE: To measure the rate of high-risk group and the detection rate of colorectal cancer (CRC) in communities in Guangdong province and to provide scientific rationales for formulating mass screening plans in high-risk group. METHODS: Mass survey was conducted by questionnaire combined fecal occult blood test (FOBT) in Huizhou region, Guangdong Province, to sort out the high-risk population of CRC. Then the high-risk population was screened by colonoscopy and pathology to identify CRC. The differences were compared by direct expenditure which was used to calculate screening cost. RESULTS: A total of 68,953 people were surveyed. There were 940 people in high-risk group (detection rate: 1.36%), 3118 in immunity FOBT positive group (detection rate: 4.52%), Merging aforementioned two groups, there were 3870 in population at risk (detection rate: 5.61%). The CRC detection rate in high-risk group, immunity FOBT positive group, population at risk and average-risk group was 506.3/10(5), 314.3/10(5), 315.9/10(5) and 17.7/10(5) respectively. The positive predictive value of CRC screening scheme by high-risk group questionnaire-colonoscopy was 0.43% while CRC screening scheme by FOBT-colonoscopy 0.22%. In terms of direct expenditure of CRC per case in high-risk group and immunity FOBT positive group was 47,834.5 yuan and 82,303.6 yuan. The latter was 1.7 times than that of the former. CONCLUSIONS: The scheme of questionnaire combined FOBT for CRC is an effective way in mass survey. The scheme by high-risk group questionnaire-colonoscopy has a much better cost-effectiveness than that of the scheme by FOBT-colonoscopy so that it should be one of the preferred methods for individual screening in high-risk group.


Xu G.,Chinese University of Hong Kong | Xu G.,HuiZhou Municipal Central Hospital | Weinreb R.N.,University of California at San Diego | Leung C.K.S.,Chinese University of Hong Kong
Ophthalmology | Year: 2014

Objective: To investigate the temporal relationship between optic nerve head (ONH) surface depression and retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) thinning measured by confocal scanning laser ophthalmoscopy (CSLO) and spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT), respectively, during the course of glaucoma progression. Design: Prospective, longitudinal study. Participants: A total of 146 eyes of 90 patients with glaucoma and 70 normal eyes of 35 healthy individuals followed for an average of 5.4 years (range, 48.0-76.6 months). Methods: Eyes were imaged by CSLO (Heidelberg Retinal Tomograph [HRT]; Heidelberg Engineering, GmbH, Dossenheim, Germany) and SD-OCT (Cirrus HD-OCT; Carl Zeiss Meditec AG, Dublin, CA) at approximately 4-month intervals for measurement of ONH surface topography and RNFL thickness, respectively. Significant ONH surface depression and RNFL thinning were defined with reference to Topographic Change Analysis (TCA) with HRT and Guided Progression Analysis (GPA) with Cirrus HD-OCT, respectively. The survival probabilities were compared with a Cox proportional hazards model. Main Outcome Measures: Number of eyes with progressive ONH and RNFL changes and the sequence of changes. Results: A total of 3238 OCT and 3238 CSLO images obtained in the same follow-up visits were analyzed. At a specificity of 94.3% (4 eyes showed ONH surface depression and 4 eyes showed RNFL thinning in the normal group), 57 eyes (39.0%) had ONH surface depression, 46 eyes (31.5%) had RNFL thinning, and 23 eyes (15.8%) had evidence of both in the glaucoma group. Among these 23 eyes, 19 (82.6%) had ONH surface depression detected before RNFL thinning, with a median lag time of 15.8 months (range, 4.0-40.8 months). Although only 7.0% of eyes (4/57) had RNFL thinning at the onset of ONH surface depression, 45.7% (21/46) had ONH surface depression at the onset of RNFL thinning. The survival probability of eyes with ONH surface depression was significantly worse than eyes with RNFL thinning (P = 0.002). Conclusions: With reference to the HRT TCA and OCT GPA, ONH surface depression occurred before RNFL thinning in a significant proportion of patients with glaucoma. A time window for therapeutic intervention may exist on detection of ONH surface depression before there is observable RNFL thinning in glaucoma. © 2014 American Academy of Ophthalmology.


Xiao L.,Shenzhen No6 Peoples Hospital | Cheng J.,Cleveland Clinic | Zhuang Y.,Huizhou Municipal Central Hospital | Qu W.,Mayo Medical School | And 3 more authors.
Pain Medicine (United States) | Year: 2013

Objective: We aim to determine the effects of botulinum toxin type A (BTX-A) on the thresholds of pain and the expression of transient receptor potential vanilloid type 1 (TRPV1) in the dorsal root ganglion (DRG) in rats with neuropathic pain induced by selective ventral root transection (VRT). Methods: Neuropathic pain was induced by transection of the lumbar 5 ventral root in male Sprague-Dawley rats. BTX-A or saline was administered to the plantar surface by subcutaneous injection. SB366791 (an inhibitor of TRPV1) was administered intraperitoneally. Behavioral tests were conducted preoperatively and at predefined postoperative days. The expression of TRPV1 was detected and quantified by immunohistochemistry and Western blotting at postoperative days 3, 7, 14, and 21. Results.: TRPV1 expression increased significantly in the L4 ∼5 dorsal root ganglia 7 days after L5 VRT compared with the sham-operated control (P<0.05). This increase persisted for at least 21 days. The thresholds of foot withdrawal to mechanical and thermal stimulation decreased significantly as well. Subcutaneous injection of BTX-A significantly and dose-dependently reduced the expression of TRPV1 (P<0.05) and partially reversed the pain thresholds. Conclusion: Upregulation of TRPV1 expression in the DRG is an important mechanism of neuropathic pain induced by the VRT. The analgesic effect of BTX-A is most likely mediated through reduction of TRPV1 expression in the nociceptors. Wiley Periodicals, Inc.


Liu G.-X.,Huizhou Municipal Central Hospital | Zhang X.,Tongji University | Li S.,Tongji University | Koiiche R.D.,King's College | And 2 more authors.
Tumor Biology | Year: 2013

Monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) and its receptor CC chemokine receptor 2 (CCR2) play a major role in inflammation and proliferation of cancers. We investigated a possible association between polymorphisms in MCP-1 and CCR2 genes (MCP-1 -2518A/G and CCR2 190G/A or V64I) and the risk as well as prognosis of renal cell carcinoma (RCC). Genotypes were determined by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism in 416 RCC cases and 458 age-matched healthy controls. Frequency of MCP-1 2518GG genotype for cases and controls was 0.384 and 0.286, respectively; individuals carrying the GG genotype had a 1.89-fold increased risk of RCC than those with AA genotype (95 % confidence interval [CI] 1.24-2.81, p = 0.002; data were adjusted for age and sex). Frequency of CCR2 190AA (64I/64I) genotype for cases and controls was 0.175 and 0.076, respectively; subjects having AA genotype had a 2.68-fold increased risk of RCC compared to those with the wild-type GG genotype (95 %CI 1.71-4.17, p = 4.3 × 10-6; data were adjusted for age and sex). When analyzing the survival rate of RCC, patients with MCP-1 -2518GG genotype revealed significantly shorter survival time compared to cases with MCP-1 -2518AA and AG genotypes (p = 0.003). Similarly, RCC cases carrying CCR2 190AA genotype showed significantly shorter survival rate than patients with GG or GA genotypes (p < 0.001). These data suggested that MCP-1 -2518A/G and CCR2 190G/A polymorphisms are new risk factors for RCC and could be used as prognostic markers for this malignancy. © 2013 International Society of Oncology and BioMarkers (ISOBM).

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