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Xu A.G.,Huizhou Institute of Medicine
Zhonghua yi xue za zhi | Year: 2010

OBJECTIVE: To measure the rate of high-risk group and the detection rate of colorectal cancer (CRC) in communities in Guangdong province and to provide scientific rationales for formulating mass screening plans in high-risk group. METHODS: Mass survey was conducted by questionnaire combined fecal occult blood test (FOBT) in Huizhou region, Guangdong Province, to sort out the high-risk population of CRC. Then the high-risk population was screened by colonoscopy and pathology to identify CRC. The differences were compared by direct expenditure which was used to calculate screening cost. RESULTS: A total of 68,953 people were surveyed. There were 940 people in high-risk group (detection rate: 1.36%), 3118 in immunity FOBT positive group (detection rate: 4.52%), Merging aforementioned two groups, there were 3870 in population at risk (detection rate: 5.61%). The CRC detection rate in high-risk group, immunity FOBT positive group, population at risk and average-risk group was 506.3/10(5), 314.3/10(5), 315.9/10(5) and 17.7/10(5) respectively. The positive predictive value of CRC screening scheme by high-risk group questionnaire-colonoscopy was 0.43% while CRC screening scheme by FOBT-colonoscopy 0.22%. In terms of direct expenditure of CRC per case in high-risk group and immunity FOBT positive group was 47,834.5 yuan and 82,303.6 yuan. The latter was 1.7 times than that of the former. CONCLUSIONS: The scheme of questionnaire combined FOBT for CRC is an effective way in mass survey. The scheme by high-risk group questionnaire-colonoscopy has a much better cost-effectiveness than that of the scheme by FOBT-colonoscopy so that it should be one of the preferred methods for individual screening in high-risk group. Source


Xu A.-G.,Huizhou Institute of Medicine | Yu Z.-J.,Huizhou Institute of Medicine | Zhong X.-H.,Huizhou Institute of Medicine | Gan A.-H.,Huizhou Institute of Medicine | And 2 more authors.
National Medical Journal of China | Year: 2010

Objective: To measure the rate of high-risk group and the detection rate of colorectal cancer (CRC) in communities in Guangdong province and to provide scientific rationales for formulating mass screening plans in high-risk group. Methods: Mass survey was conducted by questionnaire combined fecal occult blood test (FOBT) in Huizhou region, Guangdong Province, to sort out the high-risk population of CRC. Then the high-risk population was screened by colonoscopy and pathology to identify CRC. The differences were compared by direct expenditure which was used to calculate screening cost. Results: A total of 68 953 people were surveyed. There were 940 people in high-risk group (detection rate: 1.36%), 3118 in immunity FOBT positive group (detection rate: 4.52%), Merging aforementioned two groups, there were 3870 in population at risk (detection rate: 5.61%). The CRC detection rate in high-risk group, immunity FOBT positive group, population at risk and average-risk group was 506.3/10, 314.3/10, 315. 9/10 and 17.7/10 respectively. The positive predictive value of CRC screening scheme by high-risk group questionnaire-colonoscopy was 0.43% while CRC screening scheme by FOBT-colonoscopy 0.22%. In terms of direct expenditure of CRC per case in high-risk group and immunity FOBT positive group was 47834.5 yuan and 82303.6 yuan. The latter was 1.7 times than that of the former. Conclusions: The scheme of questionnaire combined FOBT for CRC is an effective way in mass survey. The scheme by high-risk group questionnaire-colonoscopy has a much better cost-effectiveness than that of the scheme by FOBT-colonoscopy so that it should be one of the preferred methods for individual screening in high-risk group. Copyright © 2012 by the Chinese Medical Association. Source

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