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Yuan M.,NERA Economic Consulting | Tuladhar S.,NERA Economic Consulting | Bernstein P.,NERA Economic Consulting | Lane L.,Hudson Institute
Energy Journal | Year: 2011

In an effort to compare the effectiveness of possible policy options to tackle a range of energy and environmental issues, we employ an integrated assessment model which couples a technology-rich bottom-up model of the U.S. electricity sector with a fully dynamic forward-looking general equilibrium model of the U.S. economy. The model provides a unique and consistent modeling framework for energy and environmental policy analysis. The results from the model show that a carbon tax would be the most cost-effective tool for lowering carbon dioxide emissions, and an energy tax would most cost-effectively lower total energy consumption. Though energy efficiency standards are found to be the least cost-effective at reducing energy usage or mitigating carbon emissions, their appeal is likely to rest on assumptions about specific market failures or on political factors. Copyright ©2011 by the IAEE.

Weicher J.C.,Hudson Institute
Housing Policy Debate | Year: 2014

The Federal Housing Administration's (FHA) Mutual Mortgage Insurance Fund has a negative net worth as of FY2012, partly because of the weak economic recovery and partly because its policy has been directed to supporting homeownership at the risk of incurring more defaults. Although recently announced reforms should reduce losses, higher insurance premiums and lower loan-to-value ratios will still be necessary. But FHA faced and survived similar situations before, and should be able to do so again, without draconian limitations on its authority. © 2013 Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University.

Norris J.,Hudson Institute
World hospitals and health services : the official journal of the International Hospital Federation | Year: 2011

On 28-29 April, 2011 the First Global Ministerial on Healthy Lifestyles and Noncommunicable Diseases (NCDs) convened in Moscow to galvanize support and provide policy guidance for the forthcoming UN High-Level Meeting on NCDs in September 2011. Subsequently, the World Health Organization (WHO) drafted the "Moscow Declaration", placing itself at the global epicentre of NCD prevention and control, working collaboratively with its sole client in Member States, ministries of public health. The Declaration took no note of the extensive and ongoing activities of developing country owned and operated hospitals in the developing world and their clinical participation in NCD prevention and care for the past four decades. This article will review the global burden of NCDs in the developing world; the identification of NCDs by reliable sources decades before the "Moscow Declaration"; the role of hospitals in addressing them despite the absence of donor support; the considerable extant investments made by public and private entities in building inpatient and out-patient facilities; and how donors have overlooked the already established hospital-based industry within developing economies.

Orlebeke C.J.,University of Illinois at Chicago | Weicher J.C.,Hudson Institute
Housing Policy Debate | Year: 2014

After 40 years, it is hard to remember the context in which the Community Development Block Grant (CDBG) was created and became an established program. Proposed by a Republican president, it was enacted by a Democratic Congress that was in the process of impeaching him. It replaced a program that had been in existence for 25 years and had strong political supporters, as well as half a dozen other categorical programs, each with its own constituency. This paper will describe the policy process by which the CDBG program came into existence in the early 1970s, identifying the major concerns and their resolution. © 2014 Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University.

Sands C.,Hudson Institute
American Review of Canadian Studies | Year: 2012

On the occasion of the 40th anniversary of the Center for Canadian-American Studies at Western Washington University, the author considers the trends that will shape US-Canadian relations over the next 40 years. Specifically the author considers the deepening of continental economic integration; the consequences of reaching the limits of current governance of integration and the coming need to negotiate new arrangements and institutions to manage the shared economy; the importance of an anticipated drive for greater public sector productivity in both countries at the federal and state/provincial levels; and the implications of a generational transition in the management of the relationship from the Baby Boomers to a younger generation with an attendant need to maintain the best traditions of amicable bilateral relations while evolving and adapting the management of the relationship in keeping with changing times and new challenges. For each of these changes, it is to be hoped that education in Canadian studies will be available for future leaders in the public and private sectors. © 2012 Copyright ACSUS.

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