Hubei Provincial Key Laboratory of Developmentally Originated Disease

Wuhan, China

Hubei Provincial Key Laboratory of Developmentally Originated Disease

Wuhan, China
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Yan Y.-E.,Wuhan University | Liu L.,Wuhan University | Liu L.,Yangtze University | Wang J.-F.,Wuhan University | And 5 more authors.
Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology | Year: 2014

This study aimed to investigate the suppressive effect of nicotine on fetal adrenal steroidogenesis and to explore the potential role of epigenetic modification of steroidogenic factor-1 (SF-1) transcriptional activity in this process. Nicotine was intragastrically administered to pregnant rats and NCI-H295A cells were treated with nicotine or trichostatin A (TSA). The pathomorphology of fetal adrenals, steroid hormone levels, the expression of SF-1 and its target genes, and histone deacetylase (HDAC) mRNA were analyzed. Histone modification and DNA methylation of the SF-1 promoter region were assessed using chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) and bisulfite sequencing PCR. The interaction between SF1 and its target genes was observed. Prenatal nicotinic exposure decreased fetal body weight, increased the IUGR rate and caused detrimental changes in fetal adrenal. In addition, the levels of corticosterone, the expression of SF-1 and its target genes were decreased while HDAC2 expression was enhanced. Nicotine treatment decreased histone H3K9 and H3K14 acetylation levels while there was no effect on the methylation frequency on the SF-1 promoter region. Furthermore, in nicotine-treated NCI-H295A cells, lower levels of steroidogenic synthesis, lower expression of SF-1 and its target genes were observed while the expression of HDACs was enhanced. The interaction between SF1 and StAR decreased with nicotine treatment. Nicotine treatment decreased histone H3K9 and H3K14 acetylation levels, and addition of TSA reversed the inhibition of nicotine-mediated SF-1 and its partial target genes. Thus, nicotine-mediated reduction of SF-1 expression resulted in an inhibitory effect on the expression of its target genes and steroid production via histone deacetylation. © 2014 Elsevier Inc.

Tie K.,Wuhan University | Tan Y.,Wuhan University | Deng Y.,Wuhan University | Li J.,Wuhan University | And 5 more authors.
Reproductive Toxicology | Year: 2016

Prenatal nicotine exposure (PNE) induces skeletal growth retardation and dyslipidemia in offspring displaying intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR). Cholesterol accumulation resulting from cholesterol efflux dysfunction may reduce the quality of articular cartilage through fetal programming. This study evaluated the quality of articular cartilage of female adult offspring fed a high-fat diet and explored the mechanisms using a rat IUGR model established by the administration of 2.0 mg/kg/d of subcutaneous nicotine from gestational days 11-20. The results demonstrated an increased OARSI (Osteoarthritis Research Society International) score and total cholesterol content, decreased serum corticosterone, and increased IGF1 and dyslipidemia with catch-up growth in PNE adult offspring. Cartilage matrix, IGF1 and cholesterol efflux pathway expression were reduced in PNE fetuses and adult offspring. Therefore, PNE induced poor articular cartilage quality in female adult offspring fed a high-fat diet via a dual programming mechanism. © 2016 Elsevier Inc.

He Z.,Wuhan University | Li J.,Wuhan University | Luo H.,Wuhan University | Zhang L.,Wuhan University | And 4 more authors.
Scientific Reports | Year: 2015

Prenatal ethanol exposure (PEE) is an established risk factor for intrauterine growth retardation. The present study was designed to determine whether PEE can increase the susceptibility of high-fat diet (HFD)-induced metabolic syndrome (MS) in adult offspring in a sex-specific manner, based on a generalized linear model analysis. Pregnant Wistar rats were administered ethanol (4 g/kg.d) from gestational day 11 until term delivery. All offspring were fed either a normal diet or a HFD after weaning and were sacrificed at postnatal week 20, and blood samples were collected. Results showed that PEE reduced serum adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) and corticosterone levels but enhanced serum glucose, insulin, insulin resistant index (IRI), triglyceride and total cholesterol (TC) concentrations. Moreover, the analysis showed interactions among PEE, HFD and sex. In the PEE offspring, HFD aggravated the decrease in ACTH and corticosterone levels and further increased serum glucose, insulin, triglyceride and TC levels. The changes of serum ACTH, glucose and IRI levels in the female HFD rats were greater than those in the male HFD rats. Our findings suggest that PEE enhances the susceptibility to MS induced by HFD in a sex-specific manner, which might be primarily associated with the neuroendocrine metabolic programming by PEE.

Wang H.,Wuhan University | Wang H.,Hubei Provincial Key Laboratory of Developmentally Originated Disease | Jiao Z.-X.,Wuhan University | Jiao Z.-X.,Hubei Provincial Key Laboratory of Developmentally Originated Disease
Chinese Journal of Pharmacology and Toxicology | Year: 2017

Epidemiological studies reveal that prenatal adverse environment could cause lower birthweight in offspring and increase the susceptibility to multiple chronic diseases (e.g. metabolic and neuropsychiatric diseases etc.) after maturity. However, the underlying mechanism remains unclarified. The hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis is a key neuroendocrine axis playing pivotal roles in systemic stress responses before and after birth. It is also an important but vulnerable fetal targeting organ. Previous studies showed that many environmental insults during pregnancy, including external environment and maternal health condition, could affect fetal development in multi-ways via maternal-placental-fetal unit, which leads to the intrauterine programming alteration of HPA axis and the increased susceptibility to chronic diseases in adulthood. This article reviews the latest global advances in the etiology of increased susceptibility to adult diseases induced by compromised prenatal environment and the associated intrauterine programming mechanisms by incorporating our recent research findings, and proposes that the fetal over-exposure to maternal glucocorticoids (GC) could bring about the intrauterine neuroendocrine metabolic programming alteration in offspring: the core is the programming of GC-insulin-like growth factor 1 axis in multiple organs, and the abnormal epigenetic modification is involved in this programming.

Wu S.-Z.,Wuhan University | Peng F.-F.,Wuhan University | Li J.-L.,Gannan Medical University | Ye F.,Wuhan University | And 3 more authors.
American Journal of Physiology - Renal Physiology | Year: 2014

Glomerular matrix accumulation is a hallmark of diabetic renal disease. Serine/threonine kinase PKC-β1 mediates glucose-induced Akt S473 phosphorylation, RhoA activation, and transforming growth factor (TGF)-β1 upregulation and finally leads to matrix upregulation in mesangial cells (MCs). It has been reported that glucose-induced PKC-β1 activation is dependent on caveolin-1 and the presence of intact caveolae in MCs; however, whether activated PKC-β1 regulates caveolin-1 expression and phosphorylation are unknown. Here, we showed that, although the caveolin-1 protein level had no significant change, the PKC-β-specific inhibitor LY-333531 blocked caveolin-1 Y14 phosphorylation in high glucose (HG)-treated MCs and in the renal cortex of diabetic rats. The Src-specific inhibitor SU-6656 prevented the HG-induced association between PKC-β1 and caveolin-1 and PKC-β1 membrane translocation, whereas PKC-β1 small interfering RNA failed to block Src activation, indicating that Src kinase is upstream of PKC-β1 activation. Although LY-333531 blocked PKC-β1 membrane translocation, it had no effect on the PKC-β1/caveolin-1 association, suggesting that PKC-β1 activation requires the interaction of caveolin-1 and PKC-β1. PKC-β1-mediated Akt S473 phosphorylation, RhoA activation, and fibronectin upregulation in response to HG were prevented by SU-6656 and nonphosphorylatable mutant caveolin-1 Y14A. In conclusion, Src activation by HG mediates the PKC-β1/caveolin-1 association and PKC-β1 activation, which assists in caveolin-1 Y14 phosphorylation by Src kinase. The downstream effects, including Akt S473 phosphorylation, RhoA activation, and fibronectin upregulation, require caveolin-1 Y14 phosphorylation. Caveolin-1 is thus an important mediator of the profibrogenic process in diabetic renal disease. © 2014 the American Physiological Society.

Wen Y.,Wuhan University | Li J.,University of Lorraine | Wang L.,Wuhan University | Tie K.,Wuhan University | And 5 more authors.
Arthritis Research and Therapy | Year: 2014

Introduction: The objective of this study was to investigate the possible role of UDP-glucose dehydrogenase (UGDH) in osteoarthritis (OA) and uncover whether, furthermore how interleukin-1beta (IL-1β) affects UGDH gene expression. Methods: UGDH specific siRNAs were applied to determine the role of UGDH in proteoglycan (PG) synthesis in human articular chondrocytes. Protein levels of UGDH and Sp1 in human and rat OA cartilage were detected. Then, human primary chondrocytes were treated with IL-1β to find out whether and how IL-1β could regulate the gene expression of UGDH and its trans-regulators, that is Sp1, Sp3 and c-Krox. Finally, p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) inhibitor SB203580 and stress-activated protein kinase/c-Jun N-terminal kinase (SAP/JNK) inhibitor SP600125 were used to pick out the pathway that mediated the IL-1β-modulated PGs synthesis and gene expression of UGDH, Sp1, Sp3 and c-Krox. Results: UGDH specific siRNAs markedly inhibited UGDH mRNA and protein expression, and thus led to an obvious suppression of PGs synthesis in human articular chondrocytes. UGDH protein level in human and rat OA cartilage were much lower than the corresponding controls and negatively correlated to the degree of OA. Decrease in Sp1 protein level was also observed in human and rat OA cartilage respectively. Meanwhile, IL-1β suppressed UGDH gene expression in human articular chondrocytes in the late phase, which also modulated gene expression of Sp1, Sp3 and c-Krox and increased both Sp3/Sp1 and c-Krox/Sp1 ratio. Moreover, the inhibition of SAP/JNK and p38 MAPK pathways both resulted in an obvious attenuation of the IL-1β-induced suppression on the UGDH gene expression. Conclusions: UGDH is essential in the PGs synthesis of articular chondrocytes, while the suppressed expression of UGDH might probably be involved in advanced OA, partly due to the modulation of p38 MAPK and SAP/JNK pathways and its trans-regulators by IL-1β. © 2014 Wen et al.

Zhang C.,Wuhan University | Xu D.,Wuhan University | Xu D.,Hubei Provincial Key Laboratory of Developmentally Originated Disease | Luo H.,Wuhan University | And 6 more authors.
Toxicology | Year: 2014

The hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis is one of the most important neuroendocrine axes and plays an important role in stress defense responses before and after birth. Prenatal exposure to xenobiotics, including environmental toxins (such as smoke, sulfur dioxide and carbon monoxide), drugs (such as synthetic glucocorticoids), and foods and beverage categories (such as ethanol and caffeine), affects fetal development indirectly by changing the maternal status or damaging the placenta. Certain xenobiotics (such as caffeine, ethanol and dexamethasone) may also affect the fetus directly by crossing the placenta into the fetus due to their lipophilic properties and lower molecular weights. All of these factors probably result in intrauterine programming alteration of the HPA axis, which showed a low basal activity but hypersensitivity to chronic stress. These alterations will, therefore, increase the susceptibility to adult neuropsychiatric (such as depression and schizophrenia) and metabolic diseases (such as hypertension, diabetes and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease). The "over-exposure of fetuses to maternal glucocorticoids" may be the main initiation factor by which the fetal HPA axis programming is altered. Meantime, xenobiotics can directly induce abnormal epigenetic modifications and expression on the important fetal genes (such as hippocampal glucocorticoid receptor, adrenal steroidogenic acute regulatory protein, et al) or damage by in situ oxidative metabolism of fetal adrenals, which may also be contributed to the programming alteration of fetal HPA axis. © 2014 Elsevier Ireland Ltd.

Wen Y.,Wuhan University | Qin J.,Wuhan University | Deng Y.,Wuhan University | Wang H.,Wuhan University | And 4 more authors.
Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications | Year: 2014

UDP-galactose-4-epimerase (GALE) is a key enzyme catalyzing the interconversion of UDP-glucose and UDP-galactose, as well as UDP-N-acetylglucosamine and UDP-N-acetylgalactosamine, which are all precursors for the proteoglycans (PGs) synthesis. However, whether GALE is essential in cartilage homeostasis remains unknown. Therefore, we investigated the role of GALE in PGs synthesis of human articular chondrocytes, the GALE expression in OA, and the regulation of GALE expression by interleukin-1beta (IL-1β). Silencing GALE gene with specific siRNAs resulted in a markedly inhibition of PGs synthesis in human articular chondrocytes. GALE protein levels were also decreased in both human and rat OA cartilage, thus leading to losses of PGs contents. Moreover, GALE mRNA expression was stimulated by IL-1β in early phase, but suppressed in late phase, while the suppression of GALE expression induced by IL-1β was mainly mediated by stress-activated protein kinase/c-Jun N-terminal kinase pathway. These data indicated a critical role of GALE in maintaining cartilage homeostasis, and suggested that GALE inhibition might contribute to OA progress. © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

PubMed | University of Lorraine, Wuhan University and Hubei Provincial Key Laboratory of Developmentally Originated Disease
Type: | Journal: Scientific reports | Year: 2015

Epidemiological evidence indicates that osteoarthritis (OA) and prenatal ethanol exposure (PEE) are both associated with low birth weight but possible causal interrelationships have not been investigated. To investigate the effects of PEE on the susceptibility to OA in adult rats that experienced intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR), and to explore potential intrauterine mechanisms, we established the rat model of IUGR by PEE and dexamethasone, and the female fetus and 24-week-old adult offspring subjected to strenuous running for 6 weeks were sacrificed. Knee joints were collected from fetuses and adult offspring for histochemistry, immunohistochemistry and qPCR assays. Histological analyses and the Mankin score revealed increased cartilage destruction and accelerated OA progression in adult offspring from the PEE group compared to the control group. Immunohistochemistry showed reduced expression of insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) signaling pathway components. Furthermore, fetuses in the PEE group experienced IUGR but exhibited a higher postnatal growth rate. The expression of many IGF-1 signaling components was downregulated, which coincided with reduced amounts of type II collagen in the epiphyseal cartilage of fetuses in the PEE group. These results suggest that PEE enhances the susceptibility to OA in female adult rat offspring by down-regulating IGF-1 signaling and retarding articular cartilage development.

PubMed | Wuhan University, French National Center for Scientific Research and Hubei Provincial Key Laboratory of Developmentally Originated Disease
Type: Journal Article | Journal: British journal of pharmacology | Year: 2016

Prenatal exposure to dexamethasone slows down fetal linear growth and bone mineralization but the regulatory mechanism remains unknown. Here we assessed how dexamethasone regulates bone development in the fetus.Dexamethasone (1mgkg(-1) day(-1) ) was injected subcutaneously every morning in pregnant rats from gestational day (GD)9 to GD20. Fetal femurs and tibias were harvested at GD20 for histological and gene expression analysis. Femurs of 12-week-old female offspring were harvested for microCT (CT) measurement. Primary chondrocytes were treated with dexamethasone (10, 50, 250 and 1000nM).Prenatal dexamethasone exposure resulted in accumulation of hypertrophic chondrocytes and delayed formation of the primary ossification centre in fetal long bone. The retardation was accompanied by reduced maturation of hypertrophic chondrocytes, decreased osteoclast number and down-regulated expression of osteocalcin and bone sialoprotein in long bone. In addition, the mitogen-inducible gene-6 (Mig6) and osteoprotegerin (OPG) expression were stimulated, and the receptor activator of NF-B ligand (RANKL) expression was repressed. Moreover, dexamethasone activated OPG and repressed RANKL expression in both primary chondrocytes and primary osteoblasts, and the knockdown of Mig6 abolished the effect of dexamethasone on OPG expression. Further, CT measurement showed loss of bone mass in femur of 12-week-old offspring with prenatal dexamethasone exposure.Prenatal dexamethasone exposure delays endochondral ossification by suppressing chondrocyte maturation and osteoclast differentiation, which may be partly mediated by Mig6 activation in bone. Bone development retardation in the fetus may be associated with reduced bone mass in later life.

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