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Liu J.,Hubei Engineering University | Li D.,Hubei Engineering University | Li D.,Hubei Provincial Cooperative Innovation Center for Industrial Fermentation | Hu Y.,Hubei Engineering University | And 8 more authors.
International Journal of Food Science and Technology | Year: 2015

Koji making is an essential step in the production of high-quality soy sauce. In this study, we inoculated koji with a halophilic aromatic yeast (Zygosaccharomyces rouxii) and Aspergillus oryzae and investigated the effects on the volatile compounds and quality of soy sauce moromi. Our results suggest that the optimal yeast inoculation was approximately 1.5 × 106 yeast per gram of koji, and excessive yeast greatly decreased A. oryzae enzyme activity. In comparison with the control group, there were no significant changes in the concentrations of amino nitrogen, total titratable acids, total soluble nitrogen and reducing sugar by extending the fermentation time during the first fermentation month, whereas the concentration of glutamate in the yeast-inoculated sample increased by 46.16% and the arginine concentration decreased by 61.07%. After the second fermentation month, 17, 38 and 38 volatile components were identified by GC-MS in C1, C2 and C5, respectively. Moreover, a large number of volatile components, such as 2-Methoxy-4-vinylphenol, ethyl acetate and 1-Octen-3-ol were found in C2 and C5. And the total contents of volatile compounds in C2 were obviously higher than C5. This work furthers our understanding of the traditional multistrain koji making and provides a new method for enhancing the quality and flavour of soy sauce. © 2015 Institute of Food Science and Technology. Source

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