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Geng S.-R.,Wuhan Institute of Technology | Geng S.-R.,Hubei Engineering Research Center for Farm Products Irradiation | Wang L.,Wuhan Institute of Technology | Wang L.,Hubei Engineering Research Center for Farm Products Irradiation | And 4 more authors.
Yuanzineng Kexue Jishu/Atomic Energy Science and Technology | Year: 2014

The gelatin was irradiated for 0-60 kGy dosages by 60Co γ-ray. The relationship of dosage and properties including viscosity, gel strength, mechanical property, molecular weight and protein component was discussed. The results show that there is a negative correlation between the dosage and intrinsic viscosity, relative viscosity, gel strength and molecular weight. With the increase of irradiation dosage, the γ, β, α chain content of gelatin decreases but the small molecules content increases, and relative molecular weight distribution changes wider. The elongation decreases but tensile strength of gelatin film increases. Compared with no irradiation one, the irradiation gelatin has more compact and smooth surface texture. It is assumed that when the limited water and oxygen exist during the irradiation process, cross-linking and degradation of gelatin molecular produce simultaneously and the main reaction is cross-linking. The reaction degree increases with the dosage.

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