Wang Y.,Hubei University |
Wang Y.,Hubei Cancer Clinical Study Center |
Fang W.,Sun Yat Sen University |
Huang Y.,Hubei University |
And 7 more authors.
Free Radical Biology and Medicine | Year: 2015
Selenium is an essential trace element and has been extensively studied for preventive effects on cancers. Recent emerging evidence has also shown that selenium at supranutritional dosage has a preferential cytotoxicity in cancer cells and chemotherapeutic drug-resistant cells, but the underlying mechanisms remain largely unknown. This study was to investigate the roles of two distinct representatives of selenium-containing proteins, selenium-binding protein 1 (SBP1) and glutathione peroxidase 1 (GPX1), in selenite-mediated cancer-specific cytotoxicity. We found that there was a significantly inverse correlation between SBP1 and GPX1 protein level in human breast cancers and adjacent matched nontumor tissues (Pearson r=-0.4347, P=0.0338). Ectopic expression of GPX1 enhanced selenite cytotoxicity through down-regulation of SBP1, and SBP1 was likely to be a crucial determinant for selenite-mediated cytotoxicity. Reduction of SBP1 in cancer cells and epirubicin-resistant cells on selenite exposure resulted in a dramatic increase in the generation of hydrogen peroxide and superoxide anion, which in turn caused oxidative stress and triggered apoptosis. Furthermore, knockdown SBP1 by small interfering RNA increased selenite sensitivity by elevating extracellular glutathione (GSH), which spontaneously reacted with selenite and led to the rapid depletion of selenium (IV) in growth medium and the high-affinity uptake of selenite. In conclusion, these findings would improve our understanding of the roles of selenium-containing proteins in selenite-mediated cytotoxicity, and revealed a potent mechanism of the selective cytotoxicity of selenite in cancer cells and drug-resistant cells, in which SBP1 was likely to play an important role in modulating the extracellular microenvironment by regulating the levels of extracellular GSH. © 2014 Elsevier Inc.
Chen C.,Wuhan University |
Chen C.,Hubei Cancer Clinical Study Center |
Peng J.,Wuhan University |
Xia H.,Hubei Cancer Hospital |
And 8 more authors.
Nanotechnology | Year: 2010
Breast cancer (BC) is a heterogeneous tumor, and better understanding of its heterogeneity is essential to improving treatment effect. Quantum dot (QD)-based immunofluorescent nanotechnology (QD-IHC) for molecular pathology has potential advantages in delineating tumor heterogeneity. This potential is explored in this paper by QD-IHC imaging of HER2 and ER. BC heterogeneity can be displayed more clearly and sensitively by QD-IHC than conventional IHC in BC tissue microarrays. Furthermore, the simultaneous imaging of ER and HER2 might help understand their interactions during the process of evolution of heterogeneous BC. © 2010 IOP Publishing Ltd.
Zhong Y.-J.,Wuhan University |
Zhong Y.-J.,Hubei Cancer Clinical Study Center |
Shao L.-H.,Wuhan University |
Shao L.-H.,Hubei Cancer Clinical Study Center |
And 2 more authors.
International Journal of Oncology | Year: 2013
Doxorubicin (DOX) is one of the most effective cytotoxic anticancer drugs used for the treatment of hematological malignancies, as well as a broad range of solid tumors. However, the clinical applications of this drug have long been limited due to its severe dose-dependent toxicities. Therefore, DOX derivatives and analogs have been developed to address this issue. A type of DOX prodrug, cleaved by cathepsin B (Cat B), which is highly upregulated in malignant tumors and premalignant lesions, has been developed to achieve a higher DOX concentration in tumor tissue and a lower concentration in normal tissue, so as to enhance the efficacy and reduce toxicity to normal cells. In this review, we focused on Cat B-cleavable DOX prodrugs and discussed the efficacy of these prodrugs, demonstrated by preclinical and clinical developments.
Gao X.-H.,Wuhan University |
Yang X.-Q.,Jingchu University of Technology |
Wang B.-C.,Wuhan University |
Liu S.-P.,Hubei Cancer Clinical Study Center |
Wang F.-B.,Wuhan University
Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention | Year: 2013
Objective: Twist, a basic helix-loop-helix transcription factor, plays a key role in the metastatic progression of human cancer. Matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-9 is an endopeptidase that digests basement membrane type IV collagen, therefore being possibly related to tumor progression. It has been reported that Twist and matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) are expressed in gastric cancers. However, the exact roles of Twist and MMP-9 in tumor metastasis and prognosis remain unclear. The aim of this study was to casts light on this question. Methods:Twist and MMP-9 expression in tissue sections of 37 gastric carcinomas was evaluated with immunohistochemistry. The staining results were compared with clinicopatholgic features and to patients'outcome. Results: Twist positive expression was significantly increased in gastric cancer cases with lymph node metastasis (P=0.023). But no correlations were found between MMP-9 overexpression and clinicopathologic features, such as recurrence, TNM stage, and lymph node metastasis. Overall survival (OS) was significantly correlated with recurrence, serosa invasion, TNM stages, distant metastasis, and MMP-9 (P=0.027, 0.021, 0.000, 0.024 and 0.036, respectively). Disease-free survival (DFS) was prominently related to recurrence location, serosa invasion and TNM stages (P=0.000, 0.038 and 0.003, respectively). In the Cox regression multivariate analysis, TNM stage, distant metastasis and MMP-9 were significantly associated with prognosis of gastric cancer (P=0.002, 0.019, and 0.032, respectively). Conclusions: This study showed Twist positive expression to be significantly correlated with lymph node metastasis in gastric cancer. MMP-9 overexpression is associated with OS, suggesting that MMP-9 is a prognostic indicator for survival in patients with gastric cancer.
Yuan C.-H.,Wuhan University |
Yang X.-Q.,Jingchu University of Technology |
Zhu C.-L.,Wuhan University |
Liu S.-P.,Hubei Cancer Clinical Study Center |
And 2 more authors.
Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention | Year: 2014
Interleukin-7 (IL-7) is a potent anti-apoptotic cytokine that enhances immune effector cell functions and is essential for lymphocyte survival. While it known to induce differentiation and proliferation in some haematological malignancies, including certain types of leukaemias and lymphomas, little is known about its role in solid tumours, including breast cancer. In the current study, we investigated whether IL-7 could enhance the in vivo antitumor activity of tumor-reactive CD8+ T cells with induction of IFN-γ in a murine breast cancer model. Human IL-7 cDNA was constructed into the eukaryotic expression plasmid pcDNA3.1, and then the recombinational pcDNA3.1-IL-7 was intratumorally injected in the TM40D BALB/C mouse graft model. Serum and intracellular IFN-γ levels were measured by ELISA and flow cytometry, respectively. CD8+ T cell-mediated cytotoxicity was analyzed using the MTT method. Our results showed that IL-7 administration significantly inhibited tumor growth from day 15 after direct intratumoral injection of pcDNA3.1-IL-7. The anti-tumor effect correlated with a marked increase in the level of IFN-γ and breast cancer cells-specifific CTL cytotoxicity. In vitro cytotoxicity assays showed that IL-7-treatment could augment cytolytic activity of CD8+ T cells from tumor bearing mice, while anti-IFN-γ blocked the function of CD8+ T cells, suggesting that IFN-γ mediated the cytolytic activity of CD8+ T cells. Furthermore, in vivo neutralization of CD8+ T lymphocytes by CD8 antibodies reversed the antitumor benefifit of IL-7. Thus, we demonstrated that IL-7 exerts anti-tumor activity mainly through activating CD8+ T cells and stimulating them to secrete IFN-γ in a murine breast tumor model. Based on these results, our study points to a potential novel way to treat breast cancer and may have important implications for clinical immunotherapy.
Wang F.-B.,Wuhan University |
Rong Y.,Wuhan University |
Fang M.,Wuhan University |
Fang M.,Hubei Cancer Clinical Study Center |
And 6 more authors.
Biomaterials | Year: 2013
Metastatic recurrence is the most important biological behavior of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and the main cause of treatment failure. Early prediction of metastasis is currently impossible due to the lack of specific molecular probes to recognize metastatic HCC cells. Aptamers have recently emerged as promising potential molecular probes for biomedical applications. Two well-matched HCC cell lines including HCCLM9 with high metastatic potential and MHCC97-L with low metastatic potential, were used to select aptamers for HCC metastasis. With a whole-cell-SELEX strategy, in which HCCLM9 cells were used as target cells and MHCC97-L cells as subtractive cell, 6 potential aptamers had been generated. Detailed study on selected aptamer LY-1 revealed that it could bind metastatic HCC cells with high affinity and specificity, not only in cells culture and animal models of HCC metastasis, but also in clinical HCC specimens. Moreover, the aptamer LY-1 and magnetic particles conjugates could efficiently capture the HCC cells from complex mixture whole blood. These studies demonstrated that this HCC specific aptamer LY-1 could be a promising molecular probe to recognize metastatic HCC cells. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.
Hu W.,Wuhan University |
Hu W.,Hubei Cancer Clinical Study Center |
Liu Y.,Wuhan University |
Zhou W.,Capital Medical University |
And 2 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2014
Despite advances in early diagnosis and multimodality therapy for cancers, most of lung cancer patients have been locally advanced or metastatic at the time of diagnosis, suggesting the highly progressive characteristic of lung cancer cells. The mechanisms underling invasiveness and metastasis of lung cancer are yet to be elucidated. In the present study, immunohistochemistry was performed to detect the expression of CXCL16-CXCR6 in human lung cancer tissues. It was demonstrated that similar to CXCL12 and CXCR4, CXCL16 and CXCR6 were also coexpressed in human primary lung cancer tissues. After confirming the functional existence of CXCL16 and CXCR6 protein in A549, 95D and H292 cells by ELSA and flow cytometry analysis, we further explored the significance of CXCL16-CXCR6 axis in the biological functions of lung cancer cell lines in vitro. It was found that CXCL16 had no effects on the PCNA (proliferating cell nuclear antigen) expression of A549, 95D and H292 cells. However, both exogenous CXCL16 and CM (conditioned medium from A549, 95D or H292) significantly improved the in vitro viability and invasion of three lung cancer cell lines. The neutralizing antibody to CXCL16 or down-regulation of CXCR6 was able to inhibit the increased viability and invasiveness of A549, 95D and H292 cells stimulated by CXCL16 or CM. Our results imply that CXCL16-CXCR6 axis is involved in the regulation of viability and invasion rather than PCNA expression of lung caner cells, which opens the door for better understanding the mechanisms of lung tumor progression and metastasis. © 2014 Hu et al.
PubMed | Hubei University and Hubei Cancer Clinical Study Center
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Cancer medicine | Year: 2016
Although adjuvant chemoradiotherapy has been an important part in the treatment of gastric cancer, whether or not adjuvant radiation can benefit patients undergoing resection with D2 lymph node dissection remains controversial. This retrospective study aimed to evaluate the role of adjuvant chemoradiotherapy on patients with D2-resected gastric cancer. A total of 337 patients with resected gastric cancer treated at Zhongnan Hospital of Wuhan University from 2004 to 2012 were retrospectively analyzed. Eligible patients were divided into the adjuvant chemoradiotherapy group (CRT; n=124) and the adjuvant chemotherapy group (CT; n=213). The primary endpoints were disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS), with toxicity as the secondary endpoint. A subgroup analysis was performed based on clinical staging. The two groups were comparable in baseline characteristic, except for the number of lymph nodes dissected. The median OSs in the CRT and CT groups were 51.0months and 48.6months, respectively (P=0.251), and the median DFSs were 40.7months and 31.2months, respectively (P=0.112). Subgroup analysis revealed that the median OSs in patients at stage IIIc in the CRT group and CT group were 29.0 and 23.0months, respectively (P=0.049), and those of the median DFSs were 21.2 and 15.1months, respectively (P=0.015). There was no significant difference in main adverse events between two groups. Collectively, adjuvant chemoradiotherapy in gastric cancer patients with D2 resection was well tolerated. For Stage IIIc patients, the addition of adjuvant chemoradiotherapy was associated with a significant benefit in both OS and DFS.
PubMed | Wuhan University and Hubei Cancer Clinical Study Center
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Oncotarget | Year: 2016
Ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme E2D3 (UBE2D3), a key component in ubiquitin (Ub) proteasome system, plays a crucial role in tumorigenesis. We previously found that it is bound to hTERT, and UBE2D3 could attenuate radiosensitivity of human breast cancer cells. Here we investigated a contributing role of UBE2D3 in radiosensitivity of esophageal squamous carcinoma. We demonstrated that the overexpression of UBE2D3 in esophageal squamous carcinoma cells (EC109) resulted in prolonged G1 phase and shortened G2/M phase after irradiation. UBE2D3 overexpression also decreased length of telomere and activity of telomerase. In addition, the overexpression of UBE2D3 increased mRNA expression but decreased protein levels of hTERT in both vitro and vivo systems. Compared with untreated cells, the treatment of UBE2D3 overexpressing cells with the specific proteasome inhibitor (MG132) could up-regulate hTERT. MG132 treatment of UBE2D3 overexpressed cells caused a clear and dramatic increase in the amount of ubiquitinated hTERT species. These findings indicate that UBE2D3 enhances radiosensitivity of EC109 cells by degradating hTERT through the ubiquitin proteolysis pathway.
Li Y.,Wuhan University |
Peng C.-W.,Hubei Cancer Clinical Study Center
Journal of Nanomaterials | Year: 2010
The semiconductor nanocrystal quantum dots (QDs) have excellent photo-physical properties, and the QDs-based probes have achieved encouraging developments in cellular and in vivo molecular imaging. More and more researches showed that QDs-based technology may become a promising approach in cancer research. In this review, we focus on recent application of QDs in cancer diagnosis and treatment, including early detection of primary tumor such as ovarian cancer, breast cancer, prostate cancer and pancreatic cancer, as well as regional lymph nodes and distant metastases. With the development of QDs synthesis and modification, the effect of QDs on tumor metastasis investigation will become more and more important in the future. © 2010 C.-W. Peng and Y. Li.