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Yi J.,Huazhong Agricultural University | Wu H.-Y.,Hubei Academy of Agriculture Science | Wu J.,Huazhong Agricultural University | Deng C.-Y.,Huazhong Agricultural University | And 2 more authors.
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology | Year: 2012

In order to obtain the diversity and temporal-spatial distribution of Bacillus community during the swine manure composting, we utilized traditional culture methods and the modern molecular biology techniques of polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) and -denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (PCR-DGGE). Bacillus species were firstly isolated from the composting. Based on temperature changes, the temporal-spatial characteristics of total culturable Bacillus were remarkable that the number of the culturable Bacillus detected at the high-temperature stage was the highest in each layer of the pile and that detected in the middle layer was the lowest at each stage of composting respectively. The diversity of cultivated Bacillus species isolated from different composting stages was low. A total of 540 isolates were classified by the RFLP method and partial 16S rDNA sequences. They affiliated to eight species including Bacillus subtilis, Bacillus cereus, Bacillus thuringiensis, Bacillus anthracis, Bacillus megaterium, Bacillus licheniformis, Bacillus pumilus, and Bacillus circulans. The predominant species was B. subtilis, and the diversity of culturable Bacillus isolated in the middle-level samples at temperature rising and cooling stages was the highest. The DGGE profile and clone library analysis revealed that the temporal-spatial distribution of Bacillus community was not obvious, species belonging to the Bacillus were dominant (67%) with unculturable bacteria and B. cereus was the second major culturable Bacillus species. This study indicated that a combination of culture and culture-independent approaches could be very useful for monitoring the diversity and temporal-spatial distribution of Bacillus community during the composting process. © 2011 Springer-Verlag. Source


Sun X.,Huazhong Agricultural University | Mei S.,Hubei Academy of Agriculture Science | Tao H.,Huazhong Agricultural University | Wang G.,Huazhong Agricultural University | And 5 more authors.
BMC Genomics | Year: 2011

Background: The Chinese Taihu is one of the most prolific pig breeds in the world, which farrows at least five more piglets per litter than Western pig breeds partly due to a greater ovulation rate. Variation of ovulation rate maybe associated with the differences in the transcriptome of Chinese Taihu and Large White ovaries. In order to understand the molecular basis of the greater ovulation rate of Chinese Taihu sows, expression profiling experiments were conducted to identify differentially expressed genes in ovarian follicles at the preovulatory stage of a PMSG-hCG stimulated estrous cycle from 3 Chinese Taihu and 3 Large White cycling sows by using the Affymetrix Porcine Genechip™.Results: One hundred and thirty-three differentially expressed genes were identified between Chinese Taihu and Large White sows by using Affymetrix porcine GeneChip (p ≤ 0.05, Fold change ≥ 2 or ≤ 0.5). Gene Ontology (GO) analysis revealed that these genes belonged to the class of genes that participated in regulation of cellular process, regulation of biological process, biological regulation, developmental process, cell communication and signal transduction and so on. Significant differential expression of 6 genes including WNT10B and DKK2 in the WNT signaling pathway was detected. Real-time RT-PCR confirmed the expression pattern in seven of eight selected genes. A search of chromosomal location revealed that 92 differentially expressed transcripts located to the intervals of quantitative trait loci (QTLs) for reproduction traits. Furthermore, SNPs of two differentially expressed genes- BAX and BMPR1B were showed to be associated with litter size traits in Large White pigs and Chinese DIV line pigs (p ≤ 0.1 or p ≤ 0.05).Conclusions: Our study detected many genes that showed differential expression between ovary follicles of two divergent breeds of pigs. Genes involved with regulation of cellular process, regulation of biological process, in addition to several genes not previously associated with ovarian physiology or with unknown function, were differentially expressed between two breeds. The suggestive or significant associations of BAX and BMPR1B gene with litter size indicated these genetic markers had the potentials to be used in pig industry after further validation of their genetic effects. Taken together, this study reveals many potential avenues of investigation for seeking new insights into ovarian physiology and the genetic control of reproduction. © 2011 Sun et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. Source


Qiao M.,Huazhong Agricultural University | Wu H.-Y.,Hubei Academy of Agriculture Science | Li F.-E.,Huazhong Agricultural University | Jiang S.-W.,Huazhong Agricultural University | And 2 more authors.
Molecular Biology Reports | Year: 2010

The lecithin cholesterol acyltransferase gene (LCAT) plays an important role in lipoprotein metabolism, especially in the process termed 'reverse cholesterol transport'. In this study, we obtained the 1,434 bp mRNA sequence of porcine LCAT including the full coding region and encoding a protein of 472 amino acids. The sequence was deposited into the GenBank under the accession no. EU717835. The genomic sequence of this gene which contains six exons and five introns, is 3,712 bp in length (GQ379050). Bioinformatic analysis of the 5′ regulatory region has revealed that some transcription factor Sp1, AP-1, AP-2 and NF-kappaB were represented in this region. Tissue expression analysis showed that the porcine LCAT gene is ubiquitously expressed in all examined tissues. Phylogenetic tree was constructed by aligning the amino acid sequences of different species. Moreover, we found a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP, C/G266) in intron 1 of the LCAT gene and association analysis showed that it was significantly associated with ratio of lean to fat (P < 0.05), caul fat weight (P < 0.01), leaf fat weight (P < 0.05), carcass length (P < 0.05) and bone percentage (P < 0.05). Our study will lay the groundwork for the further investigations on the detailed physiological function of LCAT in pig models. © 2009 Springer Science+Business Media B.V. Source


Wan K.,CAS Wuhan Botanical Garden | Tao Y.,CAS Wuhan Botanical Garden | Li R.,Hubei Academy of Agriculture Science | Pan J.,CAS Wuhan Botanical Garden | And 3 more authors.
Weed Biology and Management | Year: 2012

In order to provide a scientific basis for developing integrated weed management strategies in rice paddy fields, this study investigated the influences of different types of fertilization on weed biodiversity. The experiment was conducted at Long-term-located Monitoring Station for Soil Fertility, Agricultural Science Academy, of Jiangxi Province, China. Five fertilization treatments were set: no fertilization (NOF), PK, NP, NK, and NPK. The results showed that the influence of different fertilization treatments on weed community traits followed the models PK>NOF>NK>NP>NPK for species richness, PK>NOF>NK>NP>NPK for species diversity, NPK>NP>NK>NOF>PK for community dominance, and PK>NOF>NK>NP>NPK for community evenness. Under NPK (i.e. balanced fertilization), the weed species diversity and richness and weed community evenness were the lowest. The principal component analysis showed that the weed community was divided into three groups: (i) NK and a part of NOF; (ii) NP and NPK; and (iii) PK and NOF. The correlation analysis indicated that the influence of each macro-element on the weed community followed the model N>P>K. The organic content in the paddy soil might have played an equally important role with the amount of available N in determining the weed community's characteristics. Regarding the way by which N, P, and K influenced the weed community, the amount of available P and K mainly influenced the organic content, while the amount of available N influenced both the organic content and light transmittance within the canopy, thereby enhancing the capacity of rice to compete with weeds. © 2012 The Authors. Weed Biology and Management © 2012 Weed Science Society of Japan. Source


Tang M.X.,Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences | Zheng X.M.,Hubei Academy of Agriculture Science | Hou J.,China Agricultural University | Qian L.L.,Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences | And 3 more authors.
Theriogenology | Year: 2013

We previously generated and characterized synthesized fatty acid desaturase-1 (sFat-1) transgenic pigs that had increased concentrations of ω-3 unsaturated fatty acid in their meat. The objective was to assess whether the inserted foreign gene in sFat-1 transgenic pigs was able to transfer and integrate into the genome of nontransgenic pigs by suckling or mating. Tests for suckling-mediated horizontal gene transfer (HGT) included sFat-1 transgenic sows nursing nontransgenic piglets and sFat-1 transgenic piglets suckling nontransgenic sows. Tests for mating-mediated HGT were performed by male sFat-1 transgenic pigs mated with nontransgenic females and female sFat-1 transgenic pigs mated with nontransgenic males. Polymerase chain reaction was used to detect the sFat-1 gene fragment in various tissues sampled from nontransgenic pigs. The foreign target gene sFat-1 was not detected in the genomic DNA of various tissues and organs sampled from nontransgenic pigs. Therefore, we concluded that HGT from transgenic pigs to wild type pigs via suckling or mating was unlikely. © 2013 Elsevier Inc. Source

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