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Pickering, Canada

Cole M.,Hubbell Canada Inc. | Martin K.,Brodwell Industrial Sales Ltd.
2011 European Conference on Electrical and Instrumentation Applications in the Petroleum and Chemical Industry, PCIC EUROPE | Year: 2011

Safety and economics in lighting designs are growing concern in both new and existing facilities. The question is what light source gives you the quality of light required for safe operation and reliability in today's facilities with a balance of the ever growing concerns today's ever growing economic crunch (total cost of ownership). This paper will compare new and traditional lighting sources and designs used today in hazardous locations, exploring limitations due to factors such ambient temperatures, physical size of lamps and fixtures, lamp efficiency, lumen depreciation, availability of different types of optics for hazardous locations, cost of fixture's, maintenance, safety of design, but not limited to just these. © 2011 PCIC Europe.

Cole M.,Hubbell Canada Inc. | Driscoll T.,Royal Dutch Shell | Martin K.,Brodwell Industrial Sales Ltd.
Conference Record of the 2010 IEEE IAS Electrical Safety Workshop, ESW 2010 | Year: 2010

Industrial electrical systems require proper installation, operation and maintenance of equipment for a facility to operate safely and efficiently. Of the many types of electrical installations, those in hazardous areas are likely the most difficult to deal with. Misunderstanding or misinterpretations can easily lead to unsafe conditions that put personnel and facilities at risk. This presentation discusses the critical elements for maintaining various types of hazardous location equipment. Class I, Divisions 1 & 2 and Class I, Zones 0, 1, & 2 concepts will be discussed. Class II and Class III hazardous locations are not addressed in this presentation. © 2010 IEEE.

Cole M.,Hubbell Canada Inc. | Driscoll T.,OBIEC Consulting Ltd.
IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications | Year: 2014

Electrical lighting has seen many advancements since Edison first patented his version of the incandescent lamp. From those early days, lighting technology eventually changed with the introduction of mercury vapor, fluorescent, metal halide, and high-pressure sodium lamps. While each of these new light sources offered tremendous benefits over the incandescent lamp, their acceptance and any further advancement happened over a number of decades. Light-emitting diodes (LEDs) as a method of general lighting entered the market in the early 2000s. They were expensive and not very energy efficient. Within a few years, these lighting LEDs had dramatically improved. By 2006, they became trendy for residential and commercial applications, crossing over into the roadway lighting market a couple of years later. By 2010, they had become very 'popular' as an industrial light source. In 2011, LEDs became mainstream and more affordable. Moving forward, LEDs are poised to dominate. Over the next decade, it is expected that LEDs will render most other light sources obsolete. The dilemma is that just about every evaluation method used for the past 140 years for every other light source cannot be applied directly to LED light sources. This paper will examine the LED revolution and what you need to know to survive. © 1972-2012 IEEE.

Cole M.,Hubbell Canada Inc. | Driscoll T.,Royal Dutch Shell | Roberton R.,Royal Dutch Shell | Morlidge G.,Fluor Corporation | Martin K.,Brodwell Industrial Sales Ltd.
IEEE Industry Applications Magazine | Year: 2010

The authorities in Alberta, Canada combined the elements from the Canadian Electrical Code (CEC), National Electrical Code (NEC) of the US, and International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) to form a unique blended system resulting in cost saving and enhances safety. The first real integration was the adoption of the IEC zone system of area classification and methods of protection into the CEC and NEC. Canada and the US included requirements from applicable ordinary location standards in their versions which required additional testing of existing IEC products. When dealing with hazardous location area classification for flammable gasses, the CEC requires the use of the IEC based class/zone system for all new installations whereas the NEC permits the option of using the traditional North American class/division system or the IEC-based class/zone system. Alberta has created the Safety Codes Act set a framework for codes compliance and monitoring using a management systems approach ensuring appropriate safeguards and inspections remained in place.

Driscoll T.,Royal Dutch Shell | Cole M.,Hubbell Canada Inc. | Leduc R.,Marex Canada Ltd.
IEEE Industry Applications Magazine | Year: 2010

The measures to prevent the migration of process fluids under pressure through the wiring system essential to minimize the probability of catastrophic incidents are discussed. The NEC contains rules that require sealing to prevent the migration of flammable fluids into the electrical system and states for electrical process connections depending on a single seal. CEC follows rules including secondary seals provided between devices containing a primary seal and conduit or cable seals and drains, vents, or other devices are intended to ensure the primary-seal leakage. Equipment certified to the ANSI ISA 12.27.01 standard and marked either as 'single' or 'dual' seal provide acceptable means of preventing the migration of process fluids under pressure through the wiring system. Conduit and cable sealing fittings are designed and approved for their ability to withstand the explosion pressure. The methods employed to detect the failure of a primary seal including monitoring the secondary seal vent with flow detection or gas detection means.

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