Zeng Y.C.,Hong Kong Polytechnic University |
Li D.,Huaihua Medical College |
Loke A.Y.,Hong Kong Polytechnic University
Nursing and Health Sciences | Year: 2011
This study explored the meaning of "quality of life" among Chinese survivors of cervical cancer and the impact of cervical cancer survivorship on these women's quality of life. Written responses were used as the means of data collection. The qualitative data were analyzed by using a qualitative content analysis. The meaning of "quality of life", as perceived by 35 Chinese survivors of cervical cancer, included being free of disease, having a good standard of living, having a harmonious family atmosphere, and having a harmonious sex life. The impact of cervical cancer on the Chinese women's quality of life included physical and psychological sequelae, family distress, financial burden, and disruptions to their social functioning and sexual life. Nevertheless, there were positive gains that were reported by these survivors, including changes in their outlook on life, treasuring their life, and better family relationships. This study revealed that the Chinese survivors of cervical cancer identified their sexual life as one of the essential indicators of quality of life. It is necessary to raise nurses' awareness so that women's sexuality-related concerns are addressed. Health professionals also should provide relevant supportive care in order to address this target population's physical and psychosocial needs across the survivorship continuum. © 2011 Blackwell Publishing Asia Pty Ltd. Source
Li L.,Sun Yat Sen University |
Du K.,Sun Yat Sen University |
Wang Y.,Sun Yat Sen University |
Jia H.,Sun Yat Sen University |
And 4 more authors.
Dalton Transactions | Year: 2013
Three mononuclear copper complexes [Cu(PDTP)Cl2] (PDTP = 4-phenyl-2,6-di(thiazole-2-yl)pyridine, CuPDTP), [Cu(ADTP)Cl2] (ADTP = 4-(anthracen-9-yl)-2,6-di(thiazole-2-yl)pyridine, CuADTP) and [Cu(BFDTP)Cl2] (BFDTP = 4-(benzofuran-2-yl)-2,6-di(thiazole-2-yl) pyridine, CuBFDTP) were synthesized and characterized. The X-ray single crystallography results indicated that the Cu(ii) ions showed slightly distorted square pyramid coordination environments, and the ligands deviated from ideal planarity in all three compounds. Based on the DNA binding studies, it was demonstrated that these three complexes exhibited weak DNA binding strengths, which were most likely groove binding modes. CuPDTP, CuADTP and CuBFDTP induced efficient DNA cleavage in the dark without the addition of external catalysts (oxidant or reductant). In contrast, in the presence of reducing or oxidizing agents, the nuclease activities increased more than 10-fold. Mechanistic investigations revealed the participation of reactive oxygen species, which can be trapped by ROS radical scavengers and ROS sensors. In the same experimental conditions, the free ligands and CuCl2 did not display any DNA cleaving activity. This result indicates that the complexes, rather than their components, play a significant role in the nuclease reaction process and that DNA cleavage may be initiated in an oxidative pattern. The proposed mechanism was attributed to the in situ activation of molecular oxygen by the oxidation of the copper complexes. In the MTT cytotoxicity studies, the three Cu(ii) complexes exhibited an antitumor activity against the HeLa, BEL-7402 and HepG2 tumor cell lines. The HeLa cells treated with Cu(ii) complexes demonstrated marked changes in their nuclear morphology, which were detected by Hoechst 33258 nuclear staining and acridine orange/ethidium bromide (AO/EB) staining assays. Nuclear chromatin cleavage also was observed from alkaline single-cell gel electrophoresis (comet assay). © 2013 The Royal Society of Chemistry. Source
Wu W.-H.,Central South University |
Wu W.-H.,Huaihua Medical College |
Hu C.-P.,Central South University |
Chen X.-P.,Central South University |
And 4 more authors.
American Journal of Hypertension | Year: 2011
BackgroundIt has been reported that microRNA-130a (miR-130a) targets GAX, the growth arrest-specific homeobox, which inhibits proliferation, differentiation, and migration of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs). In the present study, we therefore investigated the effect of miR-130a on proliferation of cultured VSMCs and the potential role of miR-130a in vascular remodeling during hypertension.MethodsProliferation of VSMCs was determined by 5-bromo-2′-deoxyuridine (BrdU) incorporation method. The expression of miR-130a and GAX was analyzed by quantitative reverse transcription-PCR. The protein expression of GAX was analyzed by western blot. The mimic and inhibitor of miR-130a were used in gain-of-function and loss-of-function in vitro studies, respectively. The correlation of miR-130a with vascular remodeling was observed in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs).ResultsMiR-130a mimic at the concentration of 25 or 50nmol/l significantly promoted proliferation of VSMCs. The expression of miR-130a was upregulated in the remodeled aorta and superior mesenteric artery of SHRs. The expression of GAX was downregulated in VSMCs transfected with miR-130a mimic and in thoracic aorta and superior mesenteric artery of SHRs. Angiotensin II (Ang II) promoted proliferation of VSMCs and upregulated miR-130a expression concomitantly with a decreased GAX expression in a concentration-and time-dependent manner. The proliferative effects of Ang II on VSMCs were suppressed partly by the miR-130a inhibitor.ConclusionsThese results suggest that miR-130a is a novel regulator of proliferation of VSMCs via inhibiting the expression of GAX, which may contribute to vascular remodeling in hypertension. © 2011 American Journal of Hypertension, Ltd. Source
Wang Y.-C.,Sun Yat Sen University |
Qian C.,Sun Yat Sen University |
Peng Z.-L.,Sun Yat Sen University |
Hou X.-J.,Sun Yat Sen University |
And 4 more authors.
Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry | Year: 2014
A series of chiral Ru(II) complexes bearing thiophene ligands were synthesized and characterized. Both Ru(II) complexes Δ/Λ-[Ru(bpy) 2(pscl)]2 + (Δ/Λ-1) and Δ/Λ- [Ru(bpy)2(psbr)]2 + (Δ/Λ-2) (bpy = 2,2′-bipyridine, pscl = 2-(5-chlorothiophen-2-yl)imidazo[4,5-f][1,10] phenanthroline, psbr = 2-(5-bromothiophen-2-yl)imidazo[4,5-f][1,10] phenanthroline) showed antitumor activities against A549, HepG2 and BEL-7402 tumor cell lines, especially HeLa tumor cell line. Moreover, Δ enantiomers were more active than Λ enantiomers, accounting for the different cellular uptake. In addition, with the extension of time, these enantiomers could finally accumulate in the nucleus, suggesting that nucleic acids were the cellular target of these enantiomers. The DNA-binding behaviors of complexes were studied using spectroscopic and viscosity measurements. Results suggested that four complexes could bind to DNA in an intercalative mode but no obvious DNA-binding selectivity between the enantiomers was observed. Topoisomerase inhibition and DNA religation assay confirmed that four complexes acted as efficient dual topoisomerase I and II poisons, DNA strand breaks had also been observed from alkaline single cell gel electrophoresis (comet assay). Δ-1 and Δ-2 inhibited the growth of HeLa cells through the induction of apoptotic cell death, as evidenced by the Alexa Fluor® 488 annexin V staining assays and flow cytometry analysis. The results demonstrated that Δ/Λ-1 and Δ/Λ-2 acted as dual topoisomerase I and II poisons and caused DNA damage that could lead to cell cycle arrest by apoptosis. © 2013 Elsevier Inc. Source
Mi X.,Hunan University |
Mi X.,Huaihua Medical College |
He F.,Hunan University |
Xiang M.,Hunan University |
And 2 more authors.
Analytical Chemistry | Year: 2012
The key factors that control the spread and mortality rate of tuberculosis (TB) are rapid detection and diagnosis. However, the current detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (M. tuberculosis) cannot meet the recommended requirements for clinical diagnosis in turnaround time. In this paper, the feature of phage D29 that infects M. tuberculosis and Mycobacterium smegmatis (M. smegmatis) was combined with the sensitivity of multichannel series piezoelectric quartz crystal sensor (MSPQC) to detect M. tuberculosis. The phage D29 played a role of inhibiting the growth of M. tuberculosis and M. smegmatis. M. tuberculosis is used to protect phage D29 from being killed by ferrous ammonium sulfate (FAS) and carries phage D29 into the detection medium containing M. smegmatis. The action of M. smegmatis indicated the existence state of phage D29 in the detection medium. The growth curve of M. smegmatis obtained by MSPQC indicated the state of the growth of M. tuberculosis. Therefore, M. tuberculosis in the sample could be rapidly detected by evaluating the extent of inhibiting the growth of M. smegmatis compared with the normal growth of M. smegmatis. The detection of M. tuberculosis was transformed into the detection of M. smegmatis, which is more rapid and sensitive than that of M. tuberculosis. For 10 2 cfu/mL of M. tuberculosis in clinical sample, the turnaround time was less than 30 h. Although statistical analysis showed that no significant difference existed between the results of the proposed method here and the BACTEC960 MGIT method in clinical M. tuberculosis detection, the phage amplified MSPQC (PA MSPQC) method presented here was faster and more economical. © 2011 American Chemical Society. Source