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Xian H.,Nantong University | Zhang H.,Nanjing Medical University | Zhu H.,Nantong University | Wang X.,Nantong University | And 4 more authors.
Pathology | Year: 2014

A proliferation inducing ligand (APRIL) is a member of the tumour necrosis factor superfamily. High APRIL expression has been found to correlate with tumour development, suggesting that APRIL participates in oncogenesis. However, little is known about APRIL expression in gastrointestinal stromal tumours (GISTs) or the relationship between APRIL expression and the clinical characteristics of GIST. Therefore, we assessed the expression of APRIL immunohistochemically using a tissue microarray from 178 patients with GIST and evaluated the relationship between APRIL expression and patient prognosis. Strong APRIL expression was observed in 42.7% of GISTs, with APRIL expression significantly associated with tumour diameter, gross classification and tumour grade (p<0.05 each). Kaplan-Meier analysis suggested that low APRIL expression and tumour size <5cm were associated with longer overall survival. These findings indicate that APRIL expression is correlated with malignant GIST phenotypes and it may serve as an unfavourable prognostic marker in patients with GIST. © 2014 Royal College of Pathologists of Australasia.


Zhu H.,Nantong University | Lu J.,Nantong University | Wang X.,Nantong University | Zhang H.,Nanjing Medical University | And 3 more authors.
Medical Oncology | Year: 2013

Zonula occludens-1 (ZO-1) is a membranescaffolding protein that plays an important role in maintaining tight-junction integrity, which is disrupted in many invasive cancers and intestinal diseases. However, the expression of ZO-1 in gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) and its relationship with clinical characteristics of this disease remain poorly understood. In this study, immunohistochemical analysis using tissue microarray was employed to evaluate the expression of ZO-1 in GIST and to investigate the relationship between its expression and GIST prognosis. High ZO-1 expression was displayed in 71.8 % of GIST patients, which was related to tumor diameter (p < 0.05). The Kaplan-Meier method and logrank test indicated that high ZO-1 expression, small tumor diameter, tumor position in the esophagus, and a borderline-to- intermediate tumor grade displayed significant correlations with longer survival of GIST patients. The data suggest that ZO-1 expression is correlated with malignant phenotypes of GIST and it may serve as a favorable prognostic factor for GIST. These results also support a role for ZO-1 as a tumor-suppressor gene in GIST. © Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013.


Lin H.,Jiangsu Provincial Blood Center | Mao Y.,Jiangsu Province Official Hospital | Zhang D.-W.,Nanjing Medical University | Li H.,Nanjing Medical University | And 4 more authors.
Anti-Cancer Agents in Medicinal Chemistry | Year: 2013

Melanoma-associated antigen (MAGE) is expressed on the surface of multiple tumor cell types and is a promising target of biotherapeutic drug delivery via the anti-MAGE-A1 antibody. In this study, a human single-chain variable fragment (scFv) antibody phage library was generated and applied to recombinant MAGE-A1-coated immunotubes by phage display technology. The soluble antiMAGE-A1 scFv was expressed and purified by immobilized metal-chelated affinity chromatography (IMAC). The anti-MAGE-A1 scFv could bind native MAGE-A1 confirmed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), dot blot, and immunoprecipitation (IP) analysis. The immunotoxin was expressed and purified by IMAC successfully. The results indicated that the human anti-MAGE-A1 immunotoxin could provide a valuable drug for clinic cancer therapy. © 2013 Bentham Science Publishers.


Chen R.,Nanjing Medical University | Lu M.,Nanjing Medical University | Wang J.,Jiangsu Provincial Hospital | Zhang D.,Nanjing Medical University | And 9 more authors.
Virchows Archiv | Year: 2013

Human trophoblastic cell surface antigen 2 (Trop2) has been suggested to play an important role in the development of solid tumors. However, the expression of Trop2 in extranodal NK/T cell lymphoma, nasal type (ENKTL) and the relationship with the clinical characteristics of this disease remain poorly understood. In this study, one-step quantitative PCR reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction and immunohistochemical staining with tissue sections were employed to evaluate the expression of Trop2 in ENKTL. Furthermore, the relationship between Trop2 expression and prognosis of ENKTL was investigated. Expression of Trop2 mRNA and protein was significantly higher in ENKTL tissue than in corresponding non-lymphomatous tissue (p = 0.04 and p < 0.001, respectively). Expression of Trop2 protein in ENKTL was associated with lymph node involvement and poor overall survival (p = 0.045 and p = 0.018, respectively). Kaplan-Meier analysis and the logrank test indicated that lymph node involvement (p = 0.0481), single therapy strategy (p = 0.0037), and high expression of Trop2 (p = 0.0042) are significantly correlated with poor prognosis of ENKTL patients. The data suggest that Trop2 expression reflects a more malignant phenotype and may serve as an unfavorable prognostic factor for ENKTL. © 2013 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.


Mao Y.,Jiangsu Province Official Hospital | Zhang D.-W.,Nanjing Medical University | Lin H.,Jiangsu Provincial Blood Center | Xiong L.,Nanjing Medical University | And 8 more authors.
Journal of Experimental and Clinical Cancer Research | Year: 2012

Background: Alpha B-crystallin (αB-crystallin) has been suggested to play an important role in the development of solid tumors. However, the association between αB-crystallin expression and clinicopathological characteristics of human laryngeal carcinoma is not well defined. This study aimed to examine the expression of αB-crystallin in human laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (LSCC) and investigate the relationship between its expression and the prognosis of LSCC. Methods. Real-time polymerase chain reaction (six LSCC samples, six tumor-adjacent normal samples) and immunohistochemistry by tissue microarrays (109 LSCC samples and 28 tumor-adjacent normal samples) were performed to characterize expression of the αB-crystallin gene in LSCC. Kaplan-Meier survival and Cox regression analyses were carried out to evaluate the prognosis of LSCC. Results: Real-time polymerase chain reaction and immunohistochemistry analysis showed that the expression of αB-crystallin in LSCC was significantly higher than that in tumor-adjacent normal tissues. Moreover, the expression level of αB-crystallin protein in LSCC was significantly related to alcohol consumption (P = 0.022), tumor differentiation (P = 0.007), pTNM stage (P = 0.041) and 5 years' survival (P =0.030). COX multi-factor analysis showed that αB-crystallin (P = 0.013), as well as pTNM stage (P =0.027) and lymphatic metastasis (P = 0.015) were independent prognosis factors for LSCC. Conclusions: The data suggest that αB-crystallin expression is correlated with malignant phenotypes of LSCC and it may serve as a novel prognostic factor for LSCC. © 2012 Mao et al.

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