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Apeldoorn, Netherlands

The HU University of Applied science Utrecht is a vocational university in the city of Utrecht and one of the largest educational institutions in the Netherlands. It shares its main campus, the Uithof, with the largest university of the Netherlands, Utrecht University. It also has buildings in Amersfoort, 25 km from Utrecht.Funded by the state, it has over 38,000 students with more than one hundred different nationalities. It offers about 70 different degree courses in a wide range of subjects: Communication and Journalism, Economics and Management, Science and Technology, Health care, Education and Social Professions. HU also participates in the Utrecht Summer School, which offers 130 short courses in July and August. Wikipedia.


Background: The aims of the study were to investigate the effects of different tasks on determination of the speaking fundamental frequency (SFF) using acoustic measurements and to formulate a tentative proposal based on the results of the current and other studies on this topic. Methods: A total of 36 normophonic German subjects were examined. Nine different tasks commonly used in science and in clinical work for determination of the SFF were used. Results: The maximum deviation in F0 across all methods was 18 Hz in women and 8 Hz in men. Women revealed significantly lower F0 values in spontaneous speech, reading, counting from both 1-10 and 1-60, as well as in the vowel [i:] and the "um Hm" utterances, when compared with the vowel [a:] using the procedure of Awan (p < 0.05). Furthermore, significantly lower F0 values were found in the reading and the picture storytelling task (p < 0.05). Men revealed significantly higher F0 values in spontaneous speech, reading and the picture storytelling task in comparison to the vowel [a:] and the counting tasks (p < 0.05). Conclusions: In line with findings of other recent studies, this study confirms the validity of the proposal that there is a significant difference in F0 values as it pertains to vowels, counting, and continuous speech. Thus, it follows that continuous speech should be used for determining the SFF. © 2013 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.


Velsink H.,HU University of Applied Sciences Utrecht | Velsink H.,Technical University of Delft
Journal of Geodesy | Year: 2015

A new approach to determine a multi-point deformation of the earth’s surface or objects upon it, represented by point fields measured in two epochs, is presented. The problem of determining, which points have been deformed, is not approached by testing point-by-point, but by formulating alternative hypotheses that test if one, two or more subsets of points have been deformed, each subset in its own way. The method is based on the least squares connection adjustment, defines alternative hypotheses and searches the best one by testing a large amount of them. If the best hypothesis is found, a least squares estimation of the deformations is provided. The test results of the presented method are invariant under changes of the S-systems in which the point coordinates are defined. The results of a numerical test of the method applied to a simulated network are given. In designing a geodetic deformation network minimal detectable deformations can be computed, belonging to likely deformation patterns. The proposed method leads to a reconsideration of the duality of reference and object points. A comparison with the method of testing confidence ellipsoids is made. The relevance of the difference between geometric and physical interpretations of deformations and the consequences of the presented method for future developments are discussed. © 2015, The Author(s).


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: JTI-CP-ARTEMIS | Phase: SP1-JTI-ARTEMIS-2013-ASP4;SP1-JTI-ARTEMIS-2013-ASP1 | Award Amount: 13.01M | Year: 2014

European manufacturing industry faces increasing product variances resulting as a consequence of frequent innovation, short product lifecycles, small series production, and shrinking production cycles. At the same time, production cost must be continuously reduced. Agile, transformable and re-usable automation and robotics is be a key enabler to manage those trends. However, few robotic components are designed for easy adaptation and reuse. To overcome those shortcomings, R5-COP focuses on agile manufacturing paradigms and specifically on modular robotic systems. Based on existing and newly developed methods for a formal modeling of hardware and software components, R5-COP will support model-based design, engineering, validation, and fast commissioning. Furthermore, using existing interface and middleware standards such as ROS, R5-COP will strongly facilitate integration of components from various suppliers. The proposed modular approach will not only be more flexible than state-of-the-art solutions, but will also reduce design, setup, and maintenance costs. Flexible use of robots naturally includes their close cooperation with humans. Therefore, robustness and safety are crucial requirements which will be assured by dedicated verification and validation methodologies. The formal specification framework will support component suppliers in efficiently verifying and certifying their modules. R5-COP will help to identify and develop reconfigurable key hardware and software components, and to show the feasibility and capability of the approach in living labs in manufacturing and service demonstrator environments. Date of approval by ECSEL JU: 22/07/2015


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: SEC-2012.6.1-1 | Award Amount: 3.54M | Year: 2014

IMPACT Europe will develop an evaluation toolkit to help professionals in the public and voluntary sectors design and implement an evaluation of their programmes tackling violent radicalisation, whether policies or interventions. The toolkit will also help professionals go beyond the evaluation of a single project by integrating best practice into the design and implementation of future programmes. This evaluation toolkit will be composed of four elements: 1) A standardised methodology, to provide professionals with a tool to conduct robust evaluations; 2) An evaluation results database, to allow professionals to analyse these results over time, identify best practice and develop a more informed understanding of violent radicalisation; 3) A training course (including a train-the-trainer component), to build professionals capacity to design, carry out and learn from appropriate evaluations; 4) A training manual, to provide easy reference for professionals applying the toolkit.


Van Hoof J.,HU University of Applied Sciences Utrecht | Mazej M.,University of Ljubljana | Hensen J.L.M.,TU Eindhoven
Frontiers in Bioscience | Year: 2010

Thermal comfort -the state of mind, which expresses satisfaction with the thermal environment- is an important aspect of the building design process as modern man spends most of the day indoors. This paper reviews the developments in indoor thermal comfort research and practice since the second half of the 1990s, and groups these developments around two main themes; (i) thermal comfort models and standards, and (ii) advances in computerization. Within the first theme, the PMV-model (Predicted Mean Vote), created by Fanger in the late 1960s is discussed in the light of the emergence of models of adaptive thermal comfort. The adaptive models are based on adaptive opportunities of occupants and are related to options of personal control of the indoor climate and psychology and performance. Both models have been considered in the latest round of thermal comfort standard revisions. The second theme focuses on the ever increasing role played by computerization in thermal comfort research and practice, including sophisticated multi-segmental modeling and building performance simulation, transient thermal conditions and interactions, thermal manikins.

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